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Doctor insights on: Tetanus

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What is tetanus and how is it diagnosed?

What is tetanus and how is it diagnosed?

TETANUS /LOCKJAW....: Acute spastic paralytic illness by neurotoxin produced by bacteria clostridium tetani that lives in soil, dust, intestine of animals; gain access thru contaminated wound. Diagnosed from symptoms: difficulty in chewing(trismus)/swallowing, stiffness, intractable spasm of facial muscle result in 'sardonic smile', spastic paralysis extends to abdomen/lumbar/hip/ thigh results in 'arched posture' etc. ...Read more

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What causes tetanus?

Germs produce toxin: Tetanus is produced by germs that exist as spores (eggs) in the dirt worldwide. The contamination of any open wound by these spores allows them to germinate and multiply. They produce a toxic chemicle that circulates locally or throughout the body to produce the symptoms of tetanus.If vaccinated, your body is protected from this chemical. ...Read more

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How does tetanus spread?

Dirty wound: Tetanus spores exist in the dirt worldwide. A wound in dirty skin or touched by contaminate fingers can transfer spores to the wound that then germinate. The germs produce a toxin as they grow that gets in the blood to produce tetanus. Tetanus is not spread person to person. ...Read more

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Is lockjaw a symptom of tetanus?

Is lockjaw a symptom of tetanus?

Yes: Tetanus is a serious, preventable, bacterial disease. Major symptoms include severe painful muscle spasm and stiffness of the neck and jaw. This is where the term "lockjaw" comes from. Patients also suffer from fever, chills, sweats, and trouble breathing. There is no cure, so prevention is key. Adults should receive tetanus vaccine every 5-10 years. ...Read more

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How serious is tetanus?

How serious is tetanus?

Depends: Survival from tetanus depends on a variety of factors. Case fatality rate runs 30% or so with older and very young patients more likely to die. Personal fitness, access to antitoxin and other interventions can improve outcome. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of tetanus?

What are the symptoms of tetanus?

Uncontrollable spasm: Uncontrollable straining of your back (your head is bent backward to the ground, and your back is twisted in the shape of a "u"), uncontrollable grimacing, and uncontrollable spasms of your muscles. It is significant if you recently had a puncture wound to the foot from the ground, or a puncture wound from a rusty nail anywhere on the body. If you are not immunized see a doctor immediately. ...Read more

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How soon after injury should I receive a tetanus shot?

How soon after injury should I receive a tetanus shot?

Depends: The recommendations vary depending on past vaccine history and wound. If the vaccine series was completed within the past 5 years and the wound minor & cleaned quickly, none needed. After 5-10yr, not unless wound is complex or dirty.At>10yr yes for all wounds within 24hrs.If never vaccinated or initial series not complete, the sooner the better. ...Read more

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How long does it take to show signs of tetanus after being exposed?

How long does it take to show signs of tetanus after being exposed?

E incubation period: The incubation period varies from 3–21 days, with an average of eight days. The further the injury site is from the central nervous system, the longer the incubation period. The shorter the incubation period, the higher the risk of death. ...Read more

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How often should you get a tetanus shot?

Booster every ten: After an initial series, boosters are given every ten years unless one has a dirty wound in which case the interval may be shortened. There is very little harm in getting an early dose. Tetanus vaccine is often combined with diphtheria and activated pertussis (whooping cough) vaccines. Dtap and tdap. ...Read more

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Why should I immunize my child against tetanus?

Why Wouldn't You?: Do you lucky today ( or any other day)? Tetanus is a deadly disease and the bacteria exists almost everywhere. The shot may hurt a bit. Death vs. Soreness.Why is there even a question here! ...Read more

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