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Doctor insights on: Tetanus

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What is tetanus and how is it diagnosed?

What is tetanus and how is it diagnosed?

TETANUS /LOCKJAW....: Acute spastic paralytic illness by neurotoxin produced by bacteria clostridium tetani that lives in soil, dust, intestine of animals; gain access thru contaminated wound. Diagnosed from symptoms: difficulty in chewing(trismus)/swallowing, stiffness, intractable spasm of facial muscle result in 'sardonic smile', spastic paralysis extends to abdomen/lumbar/hip/ thigh results in 'arched posture' etc. ...Read more

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What causes tetanus?

Germs produce toxin: Tetanus is produced by germs that exist as spores (eggs) in the dirt worldwide. The contamination of any open wound by these spores allows them to germinate and multiply. They produce a toxic chemicle that circulates locally or throughout the body to produce the symptoms of tetanus.If vaccinated, your body is protected from this chemical. ...Read more

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How does tetanus spread?

Dirty wound: Tetanus spores exist in the dirt worldwide. A wound in dirty skin or touched by contaminate fingers can transfer spores to the wound that then germinate. The germs produce a toxin as they grow that gets in the blood to produce tetanus. Tetanus is not spread person to person. ...Read more

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Is lockjaw a symptom of tetanus?

Is lockjaw a symptom of tetanus?

Yes: Tetanus is a serious, preventable, bacterial disease. Major symptoms include severe painful muscle spasm and stiffness of the neck and jaw. This is where the term "lockjaw" comes from. Patients also suffer from fever, chills, sweats, and trouble breathing. There is no cure, so prevention is key. Adults should receive tetanus vaccine every 5-10 years. ...Read more

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How serious is tetanus?

How serious is tetanus?

Depends: Survival from tetanus depends on a variety of factors. Case fatality rate runs 30% or so with older and very young patients more likely to die. Personal fitness, access to antitoxin and other interventions can improve outcome. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of tetanus?

What are the symptoms of tetanus?

Uncontrollable spasm: Uncontrollable straining of your back (your head is bent backward to the ground, and your back is twisted in the shape of a "u"), uncontrollable grimacing, and uncontrollable spasms of your muscles. It is significant if you recently had a puncture wound to the foot from the ground, or a puncture wound from a rusty nail anywhere on the body. If you are not immunized see a doctor immediately. ...Read more

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How soon after injury should I receive a tetanus shot?

How soon after injury should I receive a tetanus shot?

Depends: The recommendations vary depending on past vaccine history and wound. If the vaccine series was completed within the past 5 years and the wound minor & cleaned quickly, none needed. After 5-10yr, not unless wound is complex or dirty.At>10yr yes for all wounds within 24hrs.If never vaccinated or initial series not complete, the sooner the better. ...Read more

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How long does it take to show signs of tetanus after being exposed?

How long does it take to show signs of tetanus after being exposed?

E incubation period: The incubation period varies from 3–21 days, with an average of eight days. The further the injury site is from the central nervous system, the longer the incubation period. The shorter the incubation period, the higher the risk of death. ...Read more

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How often should you get a tetanus shot?

Booster every ten: After an initial series, boosters are given every ten years unless one has a dirty wound in which case the interval may be shortened. There is very little harm in getting an early dose. Tetanus vaccine is often combined with diphtheria and activated pertussis (whooping cough) vaccines. Dtap and tdap. ...Read more

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Why should I immunize my child against tetanus?

Why should I immunize my child against tetanus?

Why Wouldn't You?: Do you lucky today ( or any other day)? Tetanus is a deadly disease and the bacteria exists almost everywhere. The shot may hurt a bit. Death vs. Soreness.Why is there even a question here! ...Read more

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How is tetanus diagnosed?

How is tetanus diagnosed?

DiffIcult: History of injury, wound or after delivery is important. Pt has contractures of group of muscles like when smiling ironically ( sardonic smile), and contractures of limbs. Life-threatening neurologic syndrome characterized by tonic muscle spasms and hyperreflexiatetanus toxin can be detected in serum, confirming a clinical diagnosis. Samples should be collected before immunoglobulin treatment. ...Read more

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How do you test for tetanus before you get booster if you think you are allergic?

How do you test for tetanus before you get booster if you think you are allergic?

Skin test: One can always do a scratch test to see if there is an urticarial reaction (hives). Most aren't allergic to this, and i don't know what has led to the thought if it's allergic, but a visit with an allergist to test may be the best option. If there's a question or a concern that there could be an allergy but you're not sure, sometimes you can get the shot at the allergist. ...Read more

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On remicade, (infliximab) lab tests show low pneumonia, diphtheria, and tetanus antibodies? Should I do anything or be concerned?

On remicade, (infliximab) lab tests show low pneumonia, diphtheria, and tetanus antibodies?  Should I do anything or be concerned?

Observation: Remicade (infliximab) can have some immune suppressing properties and your physicians might have a lower threshold for treating infections. Let them know of any symptoms that might be due to infection so they can initiate antibiotic treatment appropriately. ...Read more

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How to know if I have tetanus or something else?

See a doctor ASAP: If you have an infected wound and feel spasm and twitches in the area it will progress pretty rapid. The muscles become very tense and the jaw locks(trismus). The spasm could be so tense that can break the bones. It's a medical emergency and you can not wait and see. ...Read more

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I got tetanus when I was a child, does that mean I am immunized and can't get it again?

NO! and Yes: No, there is essentially no natural immunity to tetanus toxin. Therefore only effective way to control tetanus is by prophylactic immunization. Universalimmunization with subsequent maintenance of adequate antitoxin levels by means of appropriately timed boosters is necessary to protect all age groups, even if you have previous had natural infection. ...Read more

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I was positive on chlamydia and got treat but my partner didn't he got check 3 months after and was negative, he had a tetanus shot during does 3 mont?

I was positive on chlamydia and got treat but my partner didn't he got check 3 months after and was negative, he had a tetanus shot during does 3 mont?

False Negatives: It is very unusual for anyone familiar with lgbt medicine to not treat your partner, regardless of the test result. It is nearly impossible in some instances to pick up the bacteria on standard testing swabs. If there is any risk of exposure then one should be treated. And, in the lgbt medical standards both of you should have been treated for gonorrhea and chlamydia. The tetanus shot has nothing. ...Read more

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How should you go about treating tetanus?

How should you go about treating tetanus?

Medicines & Vaccines: There are many drugs to treat tetanus. The ones used depend on the degree of illness. Antibiotics are used to treat the tetanus bug itself. A reconstituted antibody (part of the immune system) and muscle spasm relievers can be used if there's a significant infection. And a vaccine/booster is also given if indicated. Please see the cdc website for more info: http://www.Cdc.Gov/tetanus/about/. ...Read more

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Are there treatment options for tetanus?

Intensive care: Tetanus is not something that one can treat oneself for. Prevention is far better through vaccination. A person with tetanus needs to be hospitalized asap. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how to get rid of a rash from the diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine?

Can you tell me how to get rid of a rash from the diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine?

Rash: A rash caused by a DPT shot is usually transient and of little consequence. If the rash is itchy application of 1/2 percent hydrocortisone available over the counter can help ...Read more