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Doctor insights on: Teaching Strategies For Children With Mental Retardation

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Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Some do some don't: Most older kids and adults will be aware of their learning and performance difficulties when they have milder forms of intellectual impairment. The more profound the impairment, the less likely they are aware of the ramifications. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 Doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living. For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate, (between 35 and 50), severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


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What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

One is slang: Handicapped covers a whole spectrum of developmental disabilities where retarded is vulgar and no professional uses that term anymore ...Read more

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Do live-in mental institutions help children who are mental retarded more than living at home and going to public school?

Do live-in mental institutions help children who are mental retarded more than living at home and going to public school?

Nearly all gone: Separate institutions for mentally retarded (or seriously mentally ill) individuals have nearly vanished in the U.S. Those with mr have quite different needs, depending on the severity of delay. People with mild delays live at home as children and may live indpendently as adults. Adults with severe mr typically live in group homes. Life quality depends on quality of services, not location. ...Read more

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What are the tests for mental retardation?

Observation: Testing for mr is a matter of formal or informal observation of how a child is functioning compared to other children the same age. Approaches vary by age and circumstance. For young children, doctors may ask a series of questions about milestones that the child should be making at each check-up. There also are highly standardized formal tests that look at the child's ability directly. ...Read more

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How to determine if I have mental retardation?

How to determine if I have mental retardation?

Intelligence: This is actually very straight forward. A licensed psychologist can administer an iq test as well as a test of adaptive functioning such as the vineland. If the iq score and adaptive scores fall at or below 70, then the person qualifies. Average iq is 100. ...Read more

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Please tell me the types of mental retardation.?

Several levels: Broadly, mr is divided into mild, moderate, severe, and profound, contrasting actual function to chronological age. For a 10 yo, mild mr is 5-7 yo; for moderate mr, 3-5 yo; for severe mr, 2-4 yo; and for profound mr, 1-2 yo. This is not always precise--some may be stronger is some areas an weaker in others. Also, the more severe the mr, the quicker the child reaches maximum performance levels. ...Read more

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What are the different kinds of mental retardation?

Intellectual Disa-: Bility = a significant impairment in cognitive & adaptive functioning that began before 18. IQ, measured by tests of ability to think abstractly, learn & problem-solve, is 50-70 in Mild I.D., 35-49 in Moderate, 20-34 in Severe & below 20 in Profound. See http://pediatrics.med. Nyu. Edu/conditions-we-treat/conditions/intellectual-disability for levels of adaptive deficits & a list of causes. ...Read more

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How are mental retardation and autism different?

How are mental retardation and autism different?

IQ measure: Mental retardation only reflects points in a scale of intelligency, determined through standarized tests. Autism, on the other hand, is a set of typical behaviors considered abnormal, in different areas of functioning. Dsm 4 criteria is available online, check it out. Both conditions may coexist. ...Read more

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Is there any type of cure or therapy for mental retardation?

No cure, but help.: Mental retardation, now referred to as intellectual disability, is defined as having an iq of less than 70 and also experiencing difficulty in social areas. A person's iq does not change over time, but it is important to do everything to help them reach their potential. In many cases, speech, occupational, and/or physical therapies are useful. They also need the best educational setting available. ...Read more

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Can you tell me the top five treatments for mental retardation?

Mental retardation: Unfortunately, there is no treatment for mental retardation, but there are many ways to improve functioning. Depending on the cause and severity of MR, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and other programs can be extremely beneficial in improving functioning. ...Read more

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Help please! Is any type of cure or therapy for mental retardation?

Unfortunately....: Unfortunately, if mental retardation/intellectual disability is diagnosed, there is little anyone can do to cure it. That said, is the patient is a young child, speech and occupational therapy can increase their skills. The goal should be to help them become the most competent and independent adult they can be. ...Read more

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Can a child have mental retardation and also autism at the same time?

Can a child have mental retardation and also autism at the same time?

Absolutely: Although many more children with normal or superior intelligence now are being diagnosed than used to be the case, a large number of children have both autism and mental retardation, and each increases the complications of the other. ...Read more

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Might a child have both mental retardation and autism at the same time?

Might a child have both mental retardation and autism at the same time?

Yes, current studies: Show that 40-68% of children with autistic spectrum disorder also have intellectual disability, a Full Scale IQ < 70. Behavioral & educational therapies are tailored to the child's cognitive level. The Early Start Denver Model for 12-48 month-olds has shown gains in cognition & language as well as reduction of autistic symptoms after 2 years of 20 hours/week therapy. See www. Autismspeaks. Org. ...Read more

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I want to know what is the difference between autism and mental retardation?

Many differences: Autism is a specific group of disorders with communication difficulties, inability to react to surrounding people; repetitive movements and sounds. Diagnosis is difficult -- on going p., o.T. And speech therapy, ay help. Mental retardation implies abnormal iq but has many causes ---- need ped neurologist, geneticist for diagnosis and treatment. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me how mild to moderate mental retardation and autism differ?

Can you please tell me how mild to moderate mental retardation and autism differ?

Different diagnoses: 35-65% of people with autistic spectrum disorder [observable deficits in social communication & social reciprocity + stereotypical movements or narrow, restricted areas of interest], also have intellectual disability (aka mental retardation), defined as cognitive ability. Significantly below average (iq. ...Read more

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Can a general anesthetic make you dumb? Also can a general anesthetic cause mental retardation?

Can a general anesthetic make you dumb? Also can a general anesthetic cause mental retardation?

Not usually: General anesthesia in the hands of a skilled anesthesiologist is a safe approach. However there are circumstances when during anesthesia, blood pressure falls too far and for too long, or there is a prolonged period of lack of oxygen, that can result in brain damage. If you are considering surgery, speak to your surgeon and the anesthesiologist about the risks. ...Read more

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Does 6q deletion always involve mental retardation? Or can some develope a normal cognitive ability?

Please provide more: Specific information from the genetic lab's report of results of your child's Chromosomal Microarray. Exactly where is the deletion on the long arm of Chromosome 6? Is it proximal like Chr.6q11-16, distal like Chr. 6q26-27 or other? The size & location of the missing genetic material determine clinical & Neurodevelopmental findings, or phenotype, & help with prognosis. ...Read more

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What are the signs of mental retardation at age 16 months? My sons says 7 words, and doesn't make sentences yet

What are the signs of mental retardation at age 16 months? My sons says 7 words, and doesn't make sentences yet

Language development: Varies a great deal. Not all toddlers develop language at the same rate or in the same way. By 2 years of age, children typically begin to connect words, such as “go” and “bye, bye” to make the simple sentence “Go bye-bye.” By 3 years, many toddlers are able to form a variety of sentences with three or four words. Developmental testing by a trained professional can help identifies delays. ...Read more

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Hello docs, is autism considered mental retardation?

Hello docs, is autism considered mental retardation?

No: While some children with autism may have mental retardation, many of them are actually quite intelligent. Some of them learn how to excel at things and lead actually quite productive lifestyles. Those unfortunately who do have true mental retardation however do not fare so well in life. Best wishes. ...Read more

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What causes mental retardation?

There are several: 100's of causes of Intellectual Disability beginning with inherited mutant genes & genetic accidents that occur during egg & sperm formation; epigenetic factors like viruses that alter function but not sequence or structure of genes; teratogens like alcohol, tobacco & drugs from 3 weeks after conception till term & beyond; maternal illnesses, , etc. See pediatrics.med. Nyu. Edu for much more. ...Read more

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What constitutes mental retardation?

Legal definition: According to the individuals with disabilities education act, intellectual disability (formerly mr) is "significant subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child's educational performance." idea 2004, public law 108-446. ...Read more

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Is it possible to cure mental retardation?

Interesting question: As defined, retardation is a permanent level of diminished intellectual performance pared with poor performance on self help tasks. Most people affected by mr are in a mild range and may integrate into society as functional adults with a relatively normal life. You cannot boost the intellect but can identify stronger areas of function within their impairments. ...Read more

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I'm curious as to why mental retardation happens?

Many possibilities: A brain can be genetically abnormal (chromosome defect).It can be genetically normal but injured by toxins (lead, alcohol).It can be injured by disease, meningitis, cytomegalovirus, etc. It can suffer trauma (car crash, head injury). Each event can lead to a decline in the functional capacity of any brain with impairment varying as the degree of the disorder. ...Read more

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Is there a way to check mental retardation symptoms?

Is there a way to check mental retardation symptoms?

Yes: There are developmental milestones joe children. If a child is behind, there i'd cause for concern. There is specialized neuropsych testing. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Mental retardation?

What is the definition or description of: Mental retardation?

It is not simple: Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living.
For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety.
The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate, (between 35 and 50), severe and profound.
In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care.
It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, educational and social support. ...Read more

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Is there a surgery that can help with mental retardation?

No: Mr is a functional diagnosis. I am not aware of any structureal abnormality or connection abnormality tha tcan be improved with surgery. ...Read more

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Please tell me the symptoms of mental retardation in a toddler?

Definitions: Generally, global developmental delay is the term used at that age. If testing shows a toddler's overall functioning to be < 50% of what it should be for his age, he is at risk for intellectual disability (formerly mental retardation) when tested at age 6. Another clue is lack of significant progress over time, despite having early intervention services to increase his rate of development. ...Read more

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How does long term alcohol or drug use cause mental retardation?

How does long term alcohol or drug use cause mental retardation?

Not quite the same: The term mental retardation is an old term that refers to brain problems present at birth or in early development. Alcohol and drug use can and do cause a loss of cognitive function in adults. Alcohol kills brain cells; some drugs deplete certain neurotransmitters. ...Read more

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Is there any kind of psychotherapy that can help improve mental retardation?

Is there any kind of psychotherapy that can help improve mental retardation?

Not exactly: Mental retardation does not change but social skills and ability to cope in the world with "slowed learning" could improve through behavioral modification ...Read more