Doctor insights on:
System Of Glands That Regulate Metabolism Reproduction And Other Functions
What are two ways the endocrine system directly impacts the functions of the cardiovascular system?
Many...: Via adrenaline it puts more stress on the heart, making it beat harder, stronger and faster. Nor-adrenaline causes the blood vessels to contract, raising the blood pressure. High Insulin levels, as in "pre-diabetes" cause the release of free fatty acids which damages the blood vessel walls, causing plaque formation. Cortisol and other hormones also have adverse effects. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Do glucocorticoids suppress all parts of the immune system, or suppress some parts and increase the activity of other parts?
Complicated: The answer is complicated. In general glucocorticoids suppress the immune system by interfering with protein production in cells. That being said, glucocorticoids also work on receptors in the cytoplasm of cells, enacting signal mechanisms, some of which are unclear as to action. Glucocorticoids also release food stores for use in a stress reaction. ...Read more
Yes: The body works as a very efficient system where one complements the other and when one is out it has to be repaired for it to work in harmony. ...Read more
Is there a name for all the chemicals like cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors that are in the immune and lymphatic system, like immune factors?
Signaling: proteins, is what all of these terms do functionally. Chemokines are cytokines. And many use the term cytokine and growth factor interchangeably but the name growth factor tends to imply a proliferative effect on cell division/growth while cytokines can have both stimulant or inhibitory effects on cell growth/division. ...Read more
It's Tough: The essentials are a good diet rich in proteins, and some luck. Some chemo therapies really cause profound decreases in the white blood cells and this can be battled with medicines such as Neulasta (pegfilgrastim) or neupogen. There will be peaks and valleys in your white cell counts. When low, stay away from crowds and sick people and uncooked foods. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Immune sys highway!: Think of the lymphatic system as a highway for the immune system. Immune cells are transported along lymphatic vessels and stop by lymph nodes, which are meeting points where these immune cells can meet and interact. If an antigen presenting cell encounters a pathogen in the tissues, it will use the lymphatic system to carry a sample to the lymph node and find other cells that recognize it. ...Read more
Nutrient dense foods: Eat foods that are nutrient dense (like meat, fish, poultry, eggs, cheese, low starch vegatables and water) avoid foods that are not nutrient dense (like starches and sugars, including fruit) nutrient dense foods have beneficial effects on your nervous system, immune system and hormonal system and hence your thymus gland as well. ...Read more
Bone, kidney.: Parathyroid hormone maintains a normal blood calcium by releasing calcium from bone, returning calcium from filtered calcium in the kidney and by stimulating production of active vitamin d in the kidney which helps calcium absorption through the intestine. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What area of the brain has the greatest effect on visceral functions (e.g. heart rate and hormone production)?
Hormones: Please go online to Yahoo Images or something similar and look for images of the Pituitary Gland. There is usually a small comment with the images. Fell free to contact me again if there are things on the web you don't fully understand. You can of course also discuss these items with your doctor. ...Read more
What specific Autoimmune diseases attack brain cells and neurons causing a dramatic effect to neurotransmitters,hormones and the function of the brain
Lupus: Systemic Lupus can attack everywhere and lead to the things u asked about. Other considerations are vasculitis syndromes as there is an autoimmune attack on and in blood vessels which can affect neurons indirectly. Myasthenia Gravis also affect the neuromuscular system and affects one of the main neurotransmitter, AcetylCholine. Rheumotologist is specialist to see for autoimmune disorders ...Read more
Is it possible that Accutane affects other receptors and their functions in the same family? I. E vdr, ppar, thyroid receptor and such.
Indirect : The adrenal gland makes hormones that effect the BP and the kidneys handling of fluids and potassium. But doesn't effect the kidney function directly. Any change in BP that is significant can effect the kidney either lower or higher. So thought the adrenals sit on top of the kidney it doesn't control the GFR. ...Read more
What are the effects of dopamine on cortisol and other stress hormones? Where is dopamine released from/created at?
Dopamine cortisol: D will increase cortisol when given IV. I would do a Wikipedia search for more details. Not enough room here and they have good pictures as well. ...Read more
If the immune system can aggressively attack and kill all peripheral nerves could the human body function with just the central nervous system?
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