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Doctor insights on: Swollen Parathyroid Gland

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What are the symptomps of parathyroid gland problems?

What are the symptomps of parathyroid gland problems?

Parathyroid problems: Hi. Too complex for small space. Primary hyperpara (PHPT) is a disease of parathyroids where too much PTH is secreted, which causes high blood calcium, with symptoms/signs of kidney stones, bone fractures, malaise, depression, high blood pressure, and others. Hypoparathy is a disease of parathyroids where they can't secrete enough PTH, with symptoms of numbness, tingling, and muscle twitching.

Parathyroid Gland (Definition)

There are four pea sized parathyroid glands located behind your thyroid gland, two on each side. These glands secrete a hormone which is resonsible for your calcium balance. These glands can enlarge to secrete too much hormone causing symptoms and sometimes requiring surgical intervention. Thyroid surgery can also put these glands at risk, although in experienced ...Read more


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Can you live without your thyroid or parathyroid gland?

Can you live without your thyroid or parathyroid gland?

Yes: Many people have their thyroid gland removed and thyroid hormone is easy to replace. If all your parathyroids are taken out which is generally a complication of surgery for thyroid then vit d and calcium can be used to treat.

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What does the parathyroid gland have to do with diabetes?

What does the parathyroid gland have to do with diabetes?

None: They are both glands that secrete hormones, but different hormones, and a dysfunction of one has no bearing on the other.

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What diseases can develop from a tumor in the parathyroid gland?

What diseases can develop from a tumor in the parathyroid gland?

Many symptoms: The list is long: bone pain, osteopenia, osteoporosis, bone fractures, osteogenesis fibrosis cystica, kidney stones, kidney failure, pancreatitis, abdominal pain, ulcers, depression, fatigue, forgetfulness, insomnia mong others. The cure is surgery, surgery, surgery!

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What does the parathyroid gland do?

What does the parathyroid gland do?

Regulate calcium: The parathyroid glands secrete a hormone that keeps the level of calcium in the blood from falling. It does this by pulling calcium from the bone and by preventing loss of calcium through the kidney. It is also necessary to convert vitamin d into its active form, which in turn increases calcium absorption in the gut.

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Do I have just one bad parathyroid gland?  

Do I have just one bad parathyroid gland?  

Usually: Usually it's one gland that has the adenoma but you can also have a condition called parathyroid hyperplasia where all 4 glands are enlarged. You only need 1/2 of a parathyroid gland to function normally, that is, 1/2 out of 4 glands.

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What is the fuction of the parathyroid gland?

What is the fuction of the parathyroid gland?

Calcium control: It very precisely controls the blood calcium level at a max of 10.2 mg /100 ml. If calcium rises then PTH drops, if calcium drops then PTH rises to keep in range.

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How can one diseased parathyroid gland be found?

How can one diseased parathyroid gland be found?

Find parathyroid: 1. Ultrasound because it's cheap and can be done by most high volume practitioners in their office. 2. 4D CT. This is new but far superior to the former number 2. 3. SPECT CT Tc 99 sestamibi or other sestamibi based scan. 4. If you go to 4 or beyond, your a special case and make sure you have a really experienced surgeon.

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What is a parathyroid gland and where is it located?

What is a parathyroid gland and where is it located?

Neck: The parathyroid glands are diffierent than the thyroid gland (they share part of the name but their functions are very diffierent). There are 4 parathyroid glands. They are usually located on the back of the thyroid gland but they can also be located around the jaw and neck as well.

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What is the definition or description of: parathyroid gland?

What is the definition or description of: parathyroid gland?

Parathyroid gland: There are four pea sized parathyroid glands located behind your thyroid gland, two on each side. These glands secrete a hormone which is resonsible for your calcium balance. These glands can enlarge to secrete too much hormone causing symptoms and sometimes requiring surgical intervention. Thyroid surgery can also put these glands at risk, although in experienced hands usually only temporarily.

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What is the cause of parathyroid gland to become really active?

What is the cause of parathyroid gland to become really active?

It could be: Caused by a benign tumor called adenoma, and it is called primary hyperparathyroidism. Sometimes, when someone is on chronic hemodialysis, secondary hyperparathyroidism can occur. If your calcium level is high, you should have surgical removal of your parathyroid gland.

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It'd be possible that a parathyroid gland be so enlarged to interfere with swallowing?

It'd be possible that a parathyroid gland be so enlarged to interfere with swallowing?

Rare: A parathyroid gland is the size of a grain of rice. Quite small by all accounts. If it is enlarged, it would have to be "massive" to cause a problem. See a good head and neck surgeon with expertise in parathyroid gland surgery for their opinion.

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Can a low parathyroid gland effect my medication for adhd?

Can a low parathyroid gland effect my medication for adhd?

U mean low thyroid?: Low parathyroid hormone is a rare condition, usually caused by removal of too much parathyroid tissue during surgery to treat a parathyroid adenoma. It has no symptoms except the resulting low calcium levels in the blood. Low thyroid is very common and should be treated. It has many psychiatric consequences, including decreased attention and concentration. Your adhd meds will be less effective.

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Can you tell me about hormone produced by the parathyroid gland influences the blood level rise of what product?

Can you tell me about hormone produced by the parathyroid gland influences the blood level rise of what product?

Calcium: Hi parathyroid hormone (PTH) has the task of preventing low blood calcium. About 99% of the body's calcium is in the skeleton. Blood calcium is tightly regulated. If there is a threat of low blood calcium, PTH is secreted to pull calcium out of bone and put it in the blood and to reduce urinary losses of calcium and to make active vitamin D (calcitriol) to augment GI absorption of calcium.

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My daughter has a 1.1cm hypoechoic density on the lt. Thyroid gland inferior to the parathyroid gland (hx: hoshimoto's) should we be concerned?

My daughter has a 1.1cm hypoechoic density on the lt. Thyroid gland inferior to the parathyroid gland (hx: hoshimoto's) should we be concerned?

Would biopsy: I would generally biopsy any lump on the thyroid gland 1cm or larger. Hashimoto's does make the results of the biopsy a little more confusing sometimes, but that wouldn't keep me from doing an ultrasound guided needle biopsy. Talk to a surgeon who regularly performs thyroid surgery.

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