Doctor insights on:
Swollen Parathyroid Gland
Parathyroid problems: Hi. Too complex for small space. Primary hyperpara (PHPT) is a disease of parathyroids where too much PTH is secreted, which causes high blood calcium, with symptoms/signs of kidney stones, bone fractures, malaise, depression, high blood pressure, and others. Hypoparathy is a disease of parathyroids where they can't secrete enough PTH, with symptoms of numbness, tingling, and muscle twitching.
There are four pea sized parathyroid glands located behind your thyroid gland, two on each side. These glands secrete a hormone which is resonsible for your calcium balance. These glands can enlarge to secrete too much hormone causing symptoms and sometimes requiring surgical intervention. Thyroid surgery can also put these glands at risk, although in experienced ...Read more
None: They are both glands that secrete hormones, but different hormones, and a dysfunction of one has no bearing on the other.
Many symptoms: The list is long: bone pain, osteopenia, osteoporosis, bone fractures, osteogenesis fibrosis cystica, kidney stones, kidney failure, pancreatitis, abdominal pain, ulcers, depression, fatigue, forgetfulness, insomnia mong others. The cure is surgery, surgery, surgery!See 1 more doctor answer
Usually: If the hypercalcemia worsens,,, the remove surgicallySee 1 more doctor answer
Regulate calcium: The parathyroid glands secrete a hormone that keeps the level of calcium in the blood from falling. It does this by pulling calcium from the bone and by preventing loss of calcium through the kidney. It is also necessary to convert vitamin d into its active form, which in turn increases calcium absorption in the gut.
Find parathyroid: 1. Ultrasound because it's cheap and can be done by most high volume practitioners in their office. 2. 4D CT. This is new but far superior to the former number 2. 3. SPECT CT Tc 99 sestamibi or other sestamibi based scan. 4. If you go to 4 or beyond, your a special case and make sure you have a really experienced surgeon.See 3 more doctor answers
Neck: The parathyroid glands are diffierent than the thyroid gland (they share part of the name but their functions are very diffierent). There are 4 parathyroid glands. They are usually located on the back of the thyroid gland but they can also be located around the jaw and neck as well.See 2 more doctor answers
Parathyroid gland: There are four pea sized parathyroid glands located behind your thyroid gland, two on each side. These glands secrete a hormone which is resonsible for your calcium balance. These glands can enlarge to secrete too much hormone causing symptoms and sometimes requiring surgical intervention. Thyroid surgery can also put these glands at risk, although in experienced hands usually only temporarily.See 1 more doctor answer
Over? Underactive?: Not enough detail. Look it up on google or wikipedia.See 1 more doctor answer
Rare: A parathyroid gland is the size of a grain of rice. Quite small by all accounts. If it is enlarged, it would have to be "massive" to cause a problem. See a good head and neck surgeon with expertise in parathyroid gland surgery for their opinion.
U mean low thyroid?: Low parathyroid hormone is a rare condition, usually caused by removal of too much parathyroid tissue during surgery to treat a parathyroid adenoma. It has no symptoms except the resulting low calcium levels in the blood. Low thyroid is very common and should be treated. It has many psychiatric consequences, including decreased attention and concentration. Your adhd meds will be less effective.
No: Never heard of that.Get a more detailed answer ›
Can you tell me about hormone produced by the parathyroid gland influences the blood level rise of what product?
Calcium: Hi parathyroid hormone (PTH) has the task of preventing low blood calcium. About 99% of the body's calcium is in the skeleton. Blood calcium is tightly regulated. If there is a threat of low blood calcium, PTH is secreted to pull calcium out of bone and put it in the blood and to reduce urinary losses of calcium and to make active vitamin D (calcitriol) to augment GI absorption of calcium.
My daughter has a 1.1cm hypoechoic density on the lt. Thyroid gland inferior to the parathyroid gland (hx: hoshimoto's) should we be concerned?
Would biopsy: I would generally biopsy any lump on the thyroid gland 1cm or larger. Hashimoto's does make the results of the biopsy a little more confusing sometimes, but that wouldn't keep me from doing an ultrasound guided needle biopsy. Talk to a surgeon who regularly performs thyroid surgery.See 1 more doctor answer
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