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Doctor insights on: Swallowing Disorders Throat Disorders

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Can esophageal cancer cause swallowing disorders?

Can esophageal cancer cause swallowing disorders?

Yes: The major disorder is the inability to swallow food or liquid comfortably. Esophageal cancer is generally circumferential, like a doughnut. The hole or the lumen becomes smaller as the cancer grows, making it difficult for food and then liquid to pass through. This is called dysphagia. It can be treated with radiation, placing a stent or surgery with removal and replacement of the esophagus. ...Read more

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Dr. Simion Zinreich
69 doctors shared insights

Dandy Walker Syndrome (Definition)

The Dandy-Walker Syndrome involves a rare congenital malformation that affects the cerebellum and fourth ventricle. Sign and symptoms may be apparent at birth or develop within the 1st year. They include: excess brain fluid (hydrocephalus),increased cranial size, delay of motor skills development, partial paralysis of limbs, and seizures. Also visual motor learning ...Read more


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Difficulty swallowing? Is that esophageal disorder or cancer?

Difficulty swallowing? Is that esophageal disorder or cancer?

Needs more eval: These symptoms could indicate either. Make an appointment with your primary care physician or a gastroenterologist. Common tests would include an upper endoscopy or an esophagram. ...Read more

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How are swallowing disorders evaluated?

How are swallowing disorders evaluated?

Gastroenterologist: Swallowing disorders may involve the muscles of the swallowing mechanism itself and/or the muscles of the esophagus (swallowing tube). The former are usually evaluated by professionals called speech pathologists. The latter by gastroenterologists, including measurements of the swallowing muscles called manometry. ...Read more

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Are swallowing problems mental or physical?

Are swallowing problems mental or physical?

Yes!: Psychology plays into throat symptoms, but organic causes are very common, e g reflux, neuromuscular conditions, large tonsils, etc. At a minimum, you should have a swallowing study (barium swallow study) or endoscopy (egd) before being told "it's all in your head!". ...Read more

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Can dysphagia lead to an eating disorder?

Can dysphagia lead to an eating disorder?

Not really: Dysphagia implies difficulty swallowing, an anatomic or physiologic problem. An eating disorder focuses on eating as a psychiatric problem, but swallowing is not the issue. ...Read more

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What causes difficulty swallowing and voice problems?

What causes difficulty swallowing and voice problems?

Maybe vocal cords: This is a broad question but the vocal cords would be the first thing i would look at. If one has vocal cord (vc) paralysis or a vc lesion, this can cause hoarseness. With vc paralysis, swallowing may be difficult due to choking or loss of sensation in the larynx. A vc lesion may give a sense of difficult swallowing as well. An ENT can look at your larynx and proceed w/ the next step. ...Read more

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What causes voice disorders?

What causes voice disorders?

Many causes: The most common cause is vocal abuse. Yelling, screaming, vocal tension and tightness in the throat all can cause damage to the vocal cords. Reflux into the throat can cause irritation, throat clearing and damage as well. Finally, neurological conditions such as spasmodic dysphonia can cause problems. ...Read more

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Dysphagia/difficulty swallowing causes?

Dysphagia/difficulty swallowing causes?

Multiple: Dysphagia is only a descriptive term for difficulties swallowing. It can be caused by a large number of medical problems involving the throat, nervous system or gastrointestinal system. ...Read more

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What stages in swallowing can disorders occur?

What stages in swallowing can disorders occur?

Dysphagia: "transfer dysphagia" is a problem moving the food bolus from your mouth to the top of the esophagus; "transit dysphagia" is a problem transiting the food down the esophagus. Motility studies (modified barium swallow with speech therapist; esophageal manometry) may be helpful in identifying the point of pathology, if present. Sometimes, just esophageal spasms can make swallowing feel problematic. ...Read more

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Can thyroid disorders cause problems with sleeping?

Can thyroid disorders cause problems with sleeping?

Yes: Hyperthyroidism can cause insomnia. Hypothyroidism can cause fatigue and daytime sleepiness. The real question is whether your thyroid condition is affecting your sleep as there are many factors which can goof up sleep. A sleep specialist could help sort that out. ...Read more

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Can hyperthyroidism cause inflamed thyroid and cause difficulty swallowing, coughing, and choking sensation?

Can hyperthyroidism cause inflamed thyroid and cause difficulty swallowing, coughing, and choking sensation?

Yes: Hyperthyroidism can result from inflammation of the thyroid (subacute thyroiditis). There will be pain and swelling of the thyroid that can feel like a sore throat, and cause trouble swallowing. If the thyroid is large enough, you can also have a choking sensation. Treatment for this condition is different than the usual treatment for an overactive thyroid. ...Read more

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Does mitochondrial dysfunction cause some sort of autism spectrum disorder?

Does mitochondrial dysfunction cause some sort of autism spectrum disorder?

Maternally derived: Mutations in mitochondrial dna cause defective energy production impacting cell function in the 65 known mitochondrial disorders.Muscle weakness occurs in all;blindness, & deafness in some. A progressive neurological disorder with developmental regression with or without autistic behaviors occurs in some types. Some organs may be affected & not others. Mother may be unaffected or mildly affected. ...Read more

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Can Ear Nose and Throat specialists treat thyroid disorders or cancer? And can a thyroid specialist also treat thyroid problems?

Can Ear Nose and Throat specialists treat thyroid disorders or cancer?  And can a thyroid specialist also treat thyroid problems?

Yes and no: The person to treat thyroid cancer is a head and neck surgeon. If an ENT physician is trained to do radical H&N surgery especially if the lesion is metastatic to nodes or invades jugular and laryngeal cartilage then he should be able to do the surgery. Many ENT practices do not offer enough experience for handling the more difficult surgery. As for a thyroid specialist most are endocrinologists ...Read more

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Why are ear symptoms associated with tm joint disorders?

Why are ear symptoms associated with tm joint disorders?

Pain, tinnitus: Tmj problems can be associated with ear pain in the associated ear which can radiate to almost anywhere on the same side of the head. Tinnitus (ringing of the ears) can also occur. ...Read more

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Can thyroid noudules cause swallowing problems?

Yes: Depending on the location on the gland and the size, they can press on the muscles of the throat or the esophagus itself. ...Read more

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Can dystonia cause difficulty swallowing or breathing?

Can dystonia cause difficulty swallowing or breathing?

Muscle imbalance: Dystonia is a state of muscle control that does not allow relaxation and sets off severe muscle imbalance. If this affects throat muscles it will cause swallowing and speech and even breathing problems. If this affects hands and feet it will distort joints and result in severe joint and bone defects. ...Read more

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Can bulimia cause difficulty in breathing?

Can bulimia cause difficulty in breathing?

It's possible: Bulimia can lead to abnormalities in electrolytes and in the acid/base balance of the body. Some of these abnormalities can, in turn, lead to shortness of breath or other cardiac or respiratory symptoms. I recommend that the person having these symptoms see a professional as soon as possible for evaluation. Best of luck. ...Read more

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Gerd symptoms include something stuck in throat?

Gerd symptoms include something stuck in throat?

Can be ...: If you "feel" that there is something "stuck" there but not really i.e. You are not drooling saliva, then yes, this symptom, called globus sensation, can be an extra-intestinal manifestation of gerd. If food really is getting stuck, then you need to see an GI specialist quick and get scoped to make sure it is nothing serious. ...Read more

Dr. John Comisi
279 doctors shared insights

Difficulty Swallowing (Definition)

Difficulty swallowing is complex. One could have decreased saliva which will make the food thick and viscous and harder to swallow. Food or liquids may be difficult to swallow and feel like they are getting "stuck" in the throat. One may also "choke" on liquids or foods during the swallow, before , or after the swallow depending on the problem ...Read more


Pharynx (Definition)

It is the connection between the mouth and the throat. The 3 parts are the oropharynx, nasopharynx, and hypo-pharynx. The pharynx leads into the ...Read more