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Doctor insights on: Surgery Endocardial Cushion Defect

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Is an atrial septal defect repair surgery dangerous?

Is an atrial septal defect repair surgery dangerous?

Heart surgery risk: All open heart surgery is dangerous. Many asds are now closed without surgery, using a catheter placed in a leg vein. ...Read more

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Endocardium (Definition)

The endocardium is the tissue that serves as inner ...Read more


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Is an endocardial cushion defect considered heart disease?

Is an endocardial cushion defect considered heart disease?

Words matter: This is a birth defect, where the walls within the heart and sometimes the valves are not formed correctly.It will need some corrective surgery. A heart disease by general definition is a condition where the structures deteriorate over time due to some insult or chronic issue, like a viral heart infection , blood vessel disease from high cholesterol, heart enlargement from hypertension, etc. ...Read more

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Is endocardial cushion defect considered a heart disease?

Is endocardial cushion defect considered a heart disease?

Yes: Unfortunately the names for some defects are confusing. Endocardial cushion defect is an older term. Atrioventricular canal is also an older term for the same entity. The current term for this defect is atrioventricular septal defect and is often abbreviated as avsd. ...Read more

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What is endocarial cushion defect?

What is endocarial cushion defect?

AV valve development: In normal development, the primitive atrioventricular (av) canal joins the atria to the ventricles. At four to five weeks of gestation, the superior and inferior endocardial cushions of the common av canal fuse and lead to the formation of the mitral and tricuspid valves and the av septum. Failure of these cushions to fuse properly results in a broad range of av septal defects and av valve defects. ...Read more

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Will a torn chordae tendineae of mitral valve from endocarditis heal without surgery ?

Will a torn chordae tendineae of mitral  valve from endocarditis heal without surgery ?

Chorda tendinae: A ruptured chorda tendinae would be very unlikely to reattach. If the mitral insufficiency produced is signficant volume and it usually is, surgical intervention is most often necessary. Some folks with ruptured chordae don't need immediate surgery but eventual surgery remains likely. ...Read more

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Ventricular septal defect repair is done by whom?

Ventricular septal defect repair is done by whom?

VSD repair: Generally a vsd will be repaired by pediatric cardiothoracic surgeon. ...Read more

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What ?Surgeons fix a ?Complete atrioventricular septal defect?

What ?Surgeons fix a ?Complete atrioventricular septal defect?

Pediatric Cardiac: A thoracic surgeon with experience in congenital cardiac surgery. Usually in pediatric hospitals. ...Read more

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When is surgery needed for?Congenital heart defects?

When is surgery needed for?Congenital heart defects?

For poor oxygen flow: When the nature of the defect is such that oxygen-poor blood goes to the carotids and/or coronaries, then corrective surgery must be utilized to modify the condition into one compatible with long-term survival. ...Read more

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Cardiologists, what are the risks congenital heart defect corrective surgery?

Cardiologists, what are the risks congenital heart defect corrective surgery?

Depends on defect: Many factors contribute to risks of congenital heart disease Very simple defects usually routinely repaired and uneventful. More complex lesions more difficult and intricate to repair. Some fixes require multiple surgeries. Usually should be performed by experienced pediatric cardiac surgeons, Support personell help things run smoothly.Age of child and any associated comorbidities. ...Read more

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Will an interventricular septal defect automatically cause overriding of the aorta?

Will an interventricular septal defect automatically cause overriding of the aorta?

No.: There are many different types of ventricular septal defects (vsd). The only one associated with an overriding aorta is in the syndrome of tetrology of fallot. ...Read more

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Is ventricular or atrial septal defect hereditary?

Most cases no: The chances of being born with a heart defect are approximately 8 per every thousand deliveries (a little under 1%). Most babies born with a heart defect (asd, vsd or any of a multitude of others) have no family members with heart disease. Now, when there is a first line family member with a heart defect the chances increase to about 2-3%, so there may be some genetic component. ...Read more

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How effective is heart catheter surgery for atrial septal defect?

How effective is heart catheter surgery for atrial septal defect?

Good: If the defect is not overly large, and is located in the center part of the atrial septum (typically an osmium secundum atral septal defect), and there are no associated cardiovascular problems, the short-term and long-term outcomes are very good and catheter based closure is safe in experiences centers. ...Read more

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Are there aortic valve repair surgeries that don't replace the valve with an artificial one?

Are there aortic valve repair surgeries that don't replace the valve with an artificial one?

Yes: There are several operations that in fact repair the aortic valve or preserve the native valve tissue while replacing the diseased aorta where the valve attaches. ...Read more

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Ventricular septal defect repair--when is it done in a baby?

Ventricular septal defect repair--when is it done in a baby?

VSD: It depends on the severity is the best answer. If the defect is small often it is left to close on its own which may happen. However, if the defect is large then it may be closed sooner than later in order to prevent complications. ...Read more

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When is surgery indicated for ?A ventricular septal defect?

When is surgery indicated for ?A ventricular septal defect?

Variable: A small vsd may close spontaneously as a baby grows or the babies system may decompensate under the strain of the extra work & progress to heart failure. Many times this can be managed for a time with meds. If baby is thriving on meds & close observation, they may wait before repairing the defect.This decision is made by the surgeon & pedi-cardiologist based on individual factors. ...Read more

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Which percentage of mitral valve regurgitation patients require valve repair or replacement surgery?

Depends: It depends on the severity of the mr patients have and what their ages are. If you take the general usa population, all adults over age 21, some degree of mr is present in >80% (most of it trivial or very mild). Among that unselected group. ...Read more

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Is diaphragmatic hernia surgery/diaphragm hole repair an outpatient surgery?

Is diaphragmatic hernia surgery/diaphragm hole repair an outpatient surgery?

Maybe: If you have a simple sliding hiatal hernia repaired laparoscopically you can frequently be discharged the same day. If you have a more complex paraesophageal or foramen of bochdalek hernia expect to be admitted to the hospital. ...Read more

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