Doctor insights on:
Sunburn First Aid
What are some good things to have in a first aid kit for burns and sun burns? Is capsaisepine a good thing to have, since it blocks heat receptors?
Minor burns: Capsaicin cream is specifically contraindicated in irritated, damaged or broken skin. I think a burn qualifies as that. For minor burns which is all you should be treating yourself, is cool cloths, and perhaps an aloe Vera lotion and perhaps .5% hydrocortisone cream. Tylenol (acetaminophen) and Ibuprofen for pain. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
I'm camping and I'm sunburnt. My mom just took a first aid course and said that it's best to wait 24 hours before applying aloe vera. Is this true?
Not sure: I'm not sure about the "24 hours" part, but u want to make sure that your skin is not peeling b4 applying any topical ointment. Depending on the extent of the sunburn (remember, it is a burn, just as if u poured boiling water on it), u may have damaged the entire thickness. Only when the top layers regenerate shd u apply lotion. The best plan is to apply sunscreen w/ SPF50 as u cd sunburn again. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Wash, treat, cover: Wash cuts and scrapes with tap water and a liquid soap. Dry the area and apply an antibiotic ointment such as Bacitracin or bacitracin/polymyxin. Cover with a band-aid. Continue this regimen 1-3 times/day until the wound is healing well, usually 1-2 days more minor cuts and 3-5 days for more significant injuries. Note than rubbing alcohol & hydrogen peroxide often prevent adequate wound healing. ...Read more
Safety: When a child is under the supervision of a sitter injuries and other health related events can and will occur and the sitter is the person who is able to first respond. In emergencies (choking, cuts, anaphylaxis, etc) understanding basic first aid is essential to stabilize the child until emergency personal can arrive. ...Read more
Prevent aspiration: If a person is lying on their back, turn them on their side (to prevent aspiration of vomit). ...Read more
Red Cross or 4H: Most local red cross chapters and many 4h chaapters run regular baby-sitting training courses. Certification would demonstrate that you take the job seriously & will know how to avoid pitfalls as well as responsibly take care of any problems which might arise. More importantly, the child will be safer and you will have gained more self confidence. Good luck. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Certification : When you are certified in these areas, it means that you will be able to respond more quickly and efficiently when someone faces a life-threatening situation. You will also be trained in the most advanced techniques suited by scientific study. ...Read more
Lots: In south florida kids are saved every day by by-stander cpr. ...Read more
Cool the site & Rx: The initial response is to stop tissue damage by cooling the site, followed by an examination of the area involved. If a small area, chilling the site also relieves some of the pain. If the area just appears red, wash & monitor. If it bubbles up, wash & cover to prevent baby from scratching blisters open.If blisters open, clean & apply polysporin (bacitracin and polymyxin).Call in for large burns or any concerns. ...Read more
Not emergent: More damage is done trying to lower BP quickly than from high bp. 140/100 is mildly elevated and is not harmful over the shortrun. High BP causes damage over many years. That said, the first line drug is hydrochlorothiazide which is dirt cheap, has only rare side effects, and has excellent outcome data. ...Read more