Doctor insights on:
What are the comman causes of cists? Can they be present from birth? Can they muliple or travell? Are they connected to strep and straph infections?
Clarify please: What location of the body? What type of cysts? Please clarify & re-ask question. ...Read more
Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more
Immune deficiency: Hiv stands for human immunodeficiency virus. This is the cause of aids. It is transmitted by intimate contact, either sexually, by blood or tissue transfer, by mothers to their fetus or newborn. Early onset illness may present in various forms, often as a mononucleosis-like syndrome. ...Read more
Anyone can be infected but young children and older people are at risk of severe disease. Hus is more common in children.
Stec: stec (also known as vtec) infection can cause serious disease, including bloody diarrhoea, and sometimes haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Infection usually results from consuming contaminated food or water, or from contact with infected animals or people. Avoid eating underco. ...Read more
Urinary pain + other:
The "text book" description of symptoms include : problems with urination, seeing blood each time you urinate, dribbling.
Please keep in mind that not all patients will have the typical symptoms (painful urination, blood in the urine, frequent urination, low abdominal pain, low back pain). There are some people who come into the er and only have a fever, or just experience vomiting. ...Read more
Localized infection: Is an infection, usually bacteria, that is confined to one relatively small part of the body. An abscess, for example, is a localized infection. Sometimes a localized infection can be treated by draining out the pus. Other times, antibiotics are needed. Best wishes. Dr. Anne. ...Read more
Sex as an Antidote: I'm unaware of any actual infection that sexual activity can help treat or prevent. However, sexual activity has many other healthy benefits of decreasing stress and anxiety and lowering aggression. If these are improved it seems reasonable to postulate that immune function could be enhanced, which in turn could improve one's ability to fight off illness or disease; it's possible but not proven. ...Read more
Not at all rare: Cdc estimates that a bit over 250, 000 cases of shiga toxin producing e. Coli occur in the usa annually. Large and small outbreaks occur frequently associated with a variety of vehicles including undercooked ground beef, salad ingredients such as lettuce and spinach, exposure at a petting zoo and even waterborne either potable or not. The bug is also called enterohemorrhagic e. Coli (ehec). ...Read more
Make antibodies!: B-cells make antibodies against foreign invaders. The antibodies stick to the invader, leading t cells to kill it. B cells are also the "memory" of the immune system. If the same invader comes along years later, the b cells that made antibodies the first time are ready to make them again. Finally, b cells send out chemical signals that tell other immune cells what to do. B is for bossy... ...Read more
Bacterial invasion: This is a very broad question because there are hundreds of bacteria that cause human infection and there are many causes. In general terms when a pathogenic bacterium can attach to or invade through a surface of the body or intestinal tract or lungs in a susceptable person they can initiate an infection. ...Read more
Problems?: If you have a urine infection, you need to be on antibiotics. If you are suddenly tending to get lots of infections, you need to be seen to be sure there's not something blocking flow of urine and causing the infections. If you are just concerned about possible urine infection, drink plenty of cranberry juice and possibly take Mannitol from health food store. Good luck! ...Read more
Too many to list: Good question, but it can't be answered meaningfully in this forum. Can you be more specific? Is there a situation you can describe that inspired you to ask this question? If not, then the answer is " too many to list.". ...Read more
Urinary infection: Symptoms include burning pain on urination, frequent urination &/or sudden urgency, foul smelling urine, possibly blood in urine &/or some wetting. You need to get your urine tested for infection, see a health care professional for antibiotics and drink plenty of water. Burning on urination can be helped by taking Pyridium (phenazopyridine) available otc at pharmacy. It only relieves symptoms & is not a cure. ...Read more
Infection v Reaction: Depends on how long the earring has been in, how serious the infection, or if it not infection at all but a reaction to metals in the earring (most commonly nickle). If it's a new pierce the earring should be taken out ; the area disinfected and kept clean. If there is fever or a significant amount of pain, swelling or redness antibiotics or drainage may be needed. Metal allergy: remove earring. ...Read more
Routine: All stool samples from patients with severe diarrhea sent to the microbiology lab are plated on media selective for shiga-toxin producing e. Coli, and may be subjected to an enzyme immunoassay when received. Positives go to public health labs that do pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and gene studies for comfirmation. ...Read more
MidStream Urine?: Outside of a clean catch or catheter obtained urine specimen, a mid stream is a reasonable method to collect urine for testing. If there are no squamous cells (skin cells) and many white blood cells as well as bacteria, leukocyte esterase (white blood cell enzyme), nitrite (metabolic product of the bacteria) and or casts present you should then have a culture to diagnose an infection. ...Read more
Yes, but.......: As an internist I see many people come in with the thought they are somehow more prone or susceptible to infections than others. This isn't necessarily true. It's actually very uncommon to have some sort of immune system problem or other condition which would make one more susceptible to infections. Sometimes medications can do this, such as steroids and chemotherapy. ...Read more
Depends where: It depends on what part of the body is infected. If in the lungs cough, sputum, chest pain and shortness of breath would be the symptoms. The classic signs of inflammation and infection are redness, swelling and pain. Fever, malaise, arthralgias and myalgias are also frequent symptoms when infected. ...Read more