Doctor insights on:
Multiple layers: It is the body's response to attacks from foreign material. The response is typically the production of igg, igm and IgA antibodies to fight infections. It is also making ige antibodies that are responsible for allergies. Immune response also includes white blood cells like neutrophils and blood proteins called complement. It's a system with multiple layers and redundancies to protect the body. ...Read more
ANS, hormones: Physiological stress response is governed by the autonomic nervous system, esp the sympathetic division. Also, stress hormones e.g., cortisol enter the bloodstream. As a result the body is primed for "fight or flight" survival action, although this can be harmful if it happens repeatedly or chronically. Psychologically, stress response relates to temperament, personality, & learned behavior. ...Read more
No: An anaphylactic reaction is an allergic reaction, between an allergic antibody made by your immune system and an allergen that you inhale, ingest, or inject. Since a neurological event does not involve introducing an allergen into the body, the event in and of itself cannot cause true anaphylaxis. There can be similar symptoms, however; you need to clarify what you're really asking. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Humoral and cellular: Immune response has two main components, antibodies and cell mediated immunity. The two are complementary. In addition to the acquired immune response described above, there is an innate component that also consists of soluble mediators and cell. Lymphoid tissue in lymph nodes, spleen, liver, intestine, bronchi, tonsils etc are part to immune system. ...Read more
It is individual: with some people getting very profound histamine release with virtually any opioid, while others get very little. This may relate to individual differences in how these drugs are metabolized. Generally, however, the least histamine release occurs with oxycodone and heroin, which unsurprisingly is one of the reasons that they are most subject to abuse-also they cross the blood brain barrier best. ...Read more
Possibly: Extreme fight or flight response equals extreme reaction to stress, which triggers the release of a harmful cascade of neurotransmitters and hormones, like cortisol, affecting negatively all body functions & organs, especially the brain. Acute stress disorder and post traumatic stress disorder are well established mental impairments directly related to exposure to high stress situation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Interleukins: One of a large group of proteins produced mainly by t cells and in some cases by mononuclear phagocytes or other cells. Interleukins participate in communication among leukocytes and are important in the inflammatory response. Most interleukins direct other cells to divide and differentiate. Each acts on a particular group of cells that have receptors specific to that interleukin. ...Read more
Unlikely: It's good you've read up on the fight-and-flight automonic responses. While this cannot physically damage bone or overlying soft tissue, sustained anxiety might conceivably cause extra secretion of fluid and/or plugging of the sinus outlet by swollen mucosa. If you are in a long-term difficult situation or want new coping skills, perhaps your physician can help you find a way out. Good luck. ...Read more
Tactile sensitivity since birth, increasing with age; strong startle response to tactile stimuli; gradual loss of bladder control. Are these related?
Cannot diagnose: You need to be seen by a neurologist and be evaluated in detail. This is grossly abnormal and must be addressed by an expert with full access to prior medical records, history, physical exam and probably some testing. Please go soon because neurological damages respond best when addressed early. Good luck and best wishes. ...Read more
Gag reflex: Great wikipedia question. And they have more than 400 spaces to detail. Many brain functions are involuntary. ...Read more
Response similar: This is why many self-defense gurus tell you to get angry (but not lose control)--it focuses the anxiety/fear from adrenaline surge into something you can use to advantage. Both are adrenaline driven, more just a matter of body's interpretation of signals--to fight / flight / freeze. ...Read more
A PairofSympathetics: The answer could be made VERY complicated but, just to sort-of give an overall picture: if you are jagged-up by the sympathetic system, you won't have much of an appetite unless you're a shark on the make (well, a shark is a Chondrichthyte so technically doesn't have a sympathetic nervous system....whatever...), but if you are calmed down parasympathetically your juices will flow, ready to eat. ...Read more
Biofeedback - which is more accurate for generalized anxiety, galvanic skin response or heart rate variability?
Narcotic antsgonists: Naloxone is capable of blocking placebo response since both pain relievers such as morphine and endorphins from placebo both work on mu pain receptors. Naloxone is short acting, and usually administered I.V. And/or i.M. Naltrexone is an oral antagonist which works by a different mechanism. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers