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Doctor insights on: Stillbirth Congenital Heart Defects

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Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Depends on variables: There are a few syndromes with high frequency of specific heart defects that can have inheritance risk up to 50%. Most, however, are part of a complex inheritance pattern with around 5% risk.This 5% would include any pattern of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one. ...Read more

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Dr. Barton Cook
218 doctors shared insights

Congenital Heart Disease (Definition)

Congenital heart disease includes heart problems/abnormalities present at birth. This can include septal defects (holes), abnormality of heart valves and rhythm ...Read more


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Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

No: In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects. ...Read more

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Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Some: A bicuspid aortic valve or a prolapsing mitral valve are present from birth. Many other heart valve abnormalities are acquired, either through scarring from infection, calcium deposition, or mal-apposition due to dilatation of cardiac chambers, among other things. ...Read more

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Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Some of it: Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day. ...Read more

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Do breech babies carry congenital defects?

Do breech babies carry congenital defects?

Rarely: Rarely does this happen where babies have congenital defects that are severe enough that they either neurological impair the baby and prevent movement or simply get in the way of a baby being able to flip on its own. This is a rare cause of breech though. ...Read more

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Had countless prenatal sonos. Can congenital heart defect be undetected before birth?

Had countless prenatal sonos. Can congenital heart defect be undetected before birth?

Sure..: Unfortunately, the prenatal ultrasound detection rate for fetal cardiac defects is variable between 15-70% among centers, with the largest ones having the best results. As you can tell, short of having a fetal echo, the routine prenatal ultrasound (or even a comprehensive/targeted one) can miss even major cardiac defects in 30-85% of cases.. Take Folic Acid to prevent heart defects in you fetus! ...Read more

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What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

Fontan Procedure: The fontan is a surgery that connects the inferior venacava (ivc) to the pulmonary arteries. The fontan is the final surgery for patients who have a single ventricle or single ventricle physiology. This means that the blue blood, desaturated blood retruning to the heart is directed to the lungs without being pumped through the heart. ...Read more

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Is a PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) considered a chd (congenital heart defect)..?

Yes: Yes - if it persists then it would qualify as chd and if it is audible in a child past infancy then it would ordinarily be closed in the cathetization laboratory. ...Read more

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Congenital heart diseases in parents -> what risk in fetuses?

Congenital heart diseases in parents -> what risk in fetuses?

One~4%both~6-8: Chd is polygenic= influenced by multiple genes and not directly passed on. The type of the parents chd is not necessarily one seen in the offspring. ...Read more

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Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

No: Murmurs that are not caused by an abnormality are common. They are called "functional murmurs", and are of no concern whatsoever. ...Read more

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What are death rates of congenital heart disease?

Variable: This varies quite a bit with the chd under consideration. If you have a specific one in mind, please submit a new question with that in mind. ...Read more

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Are congenital heart defects considered types of mitochondrial diseases?

Are congenital heart defects considered types of mitochondrial diseases?

Nope.: Most congenital heart defects can be prevented with Folic Acid preconceptionally and have nothing to do with mitochondrial disorders. ...Read more

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Can a patent ductus arteriosus cause heart murmur?

Can a patent ductus arteriosus cause heart murmur?

Yes: Many patients with patent ductus arteriosus (pda) will have a murmur, and that murmur is often described as machinery or continuous. ...Read more

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Does congenital heart defects lead to growth changes?

Does congenital heart defects lead to growth changes?

They can/some don't: Congenital heart defects include a number of conditions that vary greatly in their impact on final growth. The more severe the defect, the more likely it will require multiple surgeries and impair the bodies strength & growth. The cyanotic or blue baby group of defects are more likely to do this.Some defects, like the common small VSD self correct & seldom if ever alter the patients life. ...Read more

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Dr. Gary Stephens
120 doctors shared insights

Stillbirth (Definition)

Stillbirth =death of fetus e after ...Read more