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Doctor insights on: Sti And Hiv

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Dr. Wendy Askew
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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If i would to catch a sti (not hiv) how long would the long term illness take to start?

If i would to catch a sti (not hiv) how long would the long term illness take to start?

Get tested: Many STIs cause no symptoms at all. Chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhea, often occur without noticing anything wrong. When symptoms do occur (genital sores, discharge, painful urination, abdominal pain, etc), they can start anywhere from a 2 days to several weeks later, depending on the specific STI. If at risk (new or potentially unsafe partner, etc), you need routine testing from time to time. ...Read more

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Is masturbation perfectly safe to both men and women doing it alone?? From stis and HIV?

Is masturbation perfectly safe to both men and women doing it alone?? From stis and HIV?

Yes: You will not contract a sexually transmitted disease from enjoying your body. It will also not make you an unfit parent / spouse, a sexual cripple, fat, stupid, hairy, infertile, bald, blind, demented, or any of the other things that you may have been told. A couple of the cults make stuff up to frighten young people -- if you've been warned of "dangers", you should resent having been lied to. ...Read more

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Worried about HIV. Blood work for STIs including HIV @7wks after exposure was neg. Not sure generation of test. How accurate are my results?

Worried about HIV. Blood work for STIs including HIV @7wks after exposure was neg. Not sure generation of test. How accurate are my results?

Accurate: They are very accurate, though seroconversion (starting to produce the anti-HIV antibodies that are detected by the test) may take several months from exposure. I would check again in 2 months to be sure. A viral load test would be accurate much sooner. ...Read more

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Blood work done for STIs including HIV 7wks after exposure. All neg but I'm still very worried about HIV. Would the tests have picked it up by then?

Blood work done for STIs including HIV 7wks after exposure. All neg but I'm still very worried about HIV. Would the tests have picked it up by then?

Yes: Today's tests that include nucleic acid assays will be positive be seven weeks. I am glad you are okay. I hope you will be glad for having shared love, and move on. ...Read more

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Should I be concerned about STDs/STIs or HIV?

Should I be concerned about STDs/STIs or HIV?

Yes: Please forgive my frankness. You're almost a grown man. Many of the things that adults have told you in the past are not true. However, there really are diseases that can damage or even kill you that you get from having unsafe sex. Even if you have no regard for your own life and health, you should consider the risk of transmitting something to a partner. ...Read more

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How many STI and HIV negative people do you have to have sexual intercourse to catch it?

How many STI and HIV negative people do you have to have sexual intercourse to catch it?

ONE: It only takes one. You may even get it, but not have symptoms for a couple years, so best to use protection. ...Read more

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Neg blood work for all sti including HIV @ 7wks after exposure & neg Oraquick rapid oral HIV test @ 10wks after. Should I still be worried about HIV?

Neg blood work for all sti including HIV @ 7wks after exposure & neg Oraquick rapid oral HIV test @ 10wks after. Should I still be worried about HIV?

It is less likely: that you received HIV transmission, however in the first 3 months it is common to have negative titers despite being infected. I would check another HIV titer in 1 month or so, as well as its traveling mates Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. Thanks for trusting in HealthTap. ...Read more

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Is it possible to catch any diseases such as STDs or stis or hiv/aids if you do not have sex or use drugs is there any other way to get a disease?

Is it possible to catch any diseases such as STDs or stis or hiv/aids if you do not have sex or use drugs is there any other way to get a disease?

Cause & source: Infectious diseases can be avoided by knowing the cause and avoiding the source. Refraining from one activity or another by itself is not the answer. You can avoid STDs by avoiding the exchange of contaminated body fluids or tissues not by avoiding sex altogether. Same with HIV, Ebola etc: understand the cause and the mode of transmission ...Read more

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I have sterile pyuria and have tested negative (multiple times) for uti's, kidney disease, sti's, and hiv. What could be causing my sterile pyuria?

I have sterile pyuria and have tested negative (multiple times) for uti's, kidney disease, sti's, and hiv. What could be causing my sterile pyuria?

Inflammation?: "pyuria", or white blood cells in the urine is a sign of inflammation. The inflammation could be from a number of causes, and infection is just one of them. When you have inflammation from non-infectious causes, you could see "sterile" pyuria. Some of these non-infection related causes include drug-related allergic reactions, autoimmune (lupus), malignancies, etc. ...Read more

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Can birth control pills protect me from sexually transmitted infections (stis), including hiv/aids?

Can birth control pills protect me from sexually transmitted infections (stis), including hiv/aids?

No: No, birth control pills do not protect you from sexually transmitted infections or hiv/aids. They just protect you from pregnancy. The only way to protect yourself from sexually transmitted infections, including hiv/aids, is through the use of barrier protection (condoms or dental dams). ...Read more

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Will birth control pills protect me from sexually transmitted infections (stis), includin hiv/aids?

Will birth control pills protect me from sexually transmitted infections (stis), includin hiv/aids?

STDs: Birth control pills will not protect you from anything, including pregnancy (although it makes pregnancy infinitely less likely). Condoms will provide reasonable protection from most stds, but even these can fail because of leakage or breakage. Be careful out there. ...Read more

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Can I get hpv, sti, hiv or any type of disease from some who is clean and they have the prof they are?

Be careful, friend!: Use barrier protection if you have to ask this question. Nobody is certifiably free of HPV -- there are dozens of strains including some that we don't test for that can give you at least warts. HIV testing is reliable except very early, but do you want to bet your life? Who's got proof-positive they didn't meet gonorrhea yesterday? Keep practicing good habits -- be a gentleman. ...Read more

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How do I know if i got infected to sti's/hiv/aids ?

How do I know if i got infected to sti's/hiv/aids ?

STD testing: One gets tested. There are twelve common stds. You should know them and how to prevent infection. Your doctor can do the appropriate tests for any infection you are at risk for. ...Read more

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How "true" is my blood work for STI panel and HIV 6.5 weeks after encounter? Worried about HIV. Had symptoms at 8 weeks.

How "true" is my blood work for STI panel and HIV 6.5 weeks after encounter? Worried about HIV. Had symptoms at 8 weeks.

Probably conclusive: Time to conclusive differs between STDs. For HIV, it's 4 weeks for the 4th generation ("duo") test; neg at 8 weeks and overrules all symptoms. And 8 wk is much too late for onset of HIV symptoms. Gonorrhea/chlamydia testing (urine or vaginal swab) is conclusive anytime after 4-5 days. Syphilis 6 weeks. HSV blood tests 16 weeks, but herpes testing usually not recommended after only 1 exposure. ...Read more

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What type of doctor should I look for to get a full STI + HIV test? What's the specialty?

What type of doctor should I look for to get a full STI + HIV test? What's the specialty?

Several options: I agree with Dr. Chiu's reply. Other options are a local health department STD clinic or a reproductive health clinic like Planned Parenthood. These can be particularly good if uninsured or limited means, and most are highly expert. PP sees men as well as women. Online services can arrange testing as well, but beware of "comprehensive" panels that may include unneeded tests at high cost. ...Read more

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I always wear panty liner and my discharge yellowish colour in my panty liner no smell on it and i had checked for STI & HIV last month and negative.

Normal: It's normal for discharge to be clear, white and sometimes yellowish in color. So long as you don't have itching and there's no foul smell, likely everything is okay. Especially considering that you recently had a check up for STDs and HIV. Good job being proactive about your sexual health! ...Read more

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Dr. Robert Killian
788 doctors shared insights

Std (Definition)

This is a disease which can be transmitted from one person to another person through sexually related activities. This does not limit these activities to heterosexual intercourse, but encompasses all modalities of human-to-human sexual activity. It does not include illnesses that may make an individual more susceptible to a condition because of a sexual ...Read more


Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,460 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more