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Doctor insights on: Stages Of Colon Cancer Defined

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Is stage 4 colon cancer terminal ?

Is stage 4 colon cancer terminal ?

Not good, but: Each person is unique. Discss this question w/ the doctors involved in treatment. It's not good, but there are certainly cases that will do better than others. All life ends. Stage 4 cancer is quite advanced and life expectancy is shortened significantly. Overall health can matter a lot for how long and how good. ...Read more

Dr. Barry Rosen
4,310 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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What are the stages of colon cancer?

What are the stages of colon cancer?

1 through 4: The stage of colon cancer is based upon the depth of penetration of the cancer thru the colon wall, the presence or absence of lymph node involvement, and the presence of cancer elsewhere in the body (metastatic disease). The stage is associated with prognosis and guides our recommendations regarding chemotherapy. ...Read more

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Can you tell me the stages of colon cancer?

Can you tell me the stages of colon cancer?

Colon cancer staging: Please open this website- a very useful resource with a very nice illustration. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/colon/patient/page2. ...Read more

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How do you determine the different stages of colon cancer what's the prognosis?

How do you determine the different stages of colon cancer what's the prognosis?

See below: Colon cancer stage depends on how deep the cancer invades through the intestinal layers, if the cancer spread to lymph nodes, or if the cancer spread to other organs. Pathology helps determine the stage after surgical removal. Stage 1 best over 90% survival, stage 2 about 80% survival, stage 3 about 60% survival & stage 4 about 40% survival. Numbers very rough and each person responds differently. ...Read more

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How is colon cancer diagnosed? What is the prognosis? What tests are used to determine the different stages of colon cancer

How is colon cancer diagnosed? What is the prognosis? What tests are used to determine the different stages of colon cancer

Biopsy: Colon cancer is diagnosed by a biopsy sample during colonoscopy. Pathology helps determined the stage after surgical removal of the cancer. Ranges from best stage 1 with small early cancer, to most advanced stage 4 when cancer has spread to other organs. Sometimes a ct scan or pet scan may be used to see if the cancer has spread to other sites. ...Read more

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What distinguishes the various stages of colon cancer?

What distinguishes the various stages of colon cancer?

See below: Stage 0 is superficial and non-invasive. Stage 1 is local disease superficial colon wall. Stage 2 is deeper invasion through colon wall. Stage 3 is spread to lymph nodes. Stage 4 is spread to any other organs. ...Read more

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What is the difference in the various stages of colon cancer?

Survival, but.....: Used to be, the short answer was simply survival risk with stage 1 having the best prognosis and stage IV the worst. While stages 1/2 still have the highest survival rates but improved surgical techniques and chemotherapy and i'd add lifestyle changes, have leveled the playing field greatly. Colon cancer, even advanced is often quite treatable. ...Read more

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What is colon cancer?

What is colon cancer?

Cancer of the colon: Cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon (the longest part of the large intestine). Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). There are estimated 103, 170 (colon); 40, 290 (rectal) new cases and 51, 690 (colon and rectal combined) deaths from colon cancer in us in 2012. Screening with colonoscopy started at age of 50. ...Read more

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What is colon cancer?

What is colon cancer?

Cancers: Cancers are abnormal, rapidly growing cells that do not know when to stop growing. These abnormal cells can damage local tissues, can attach to nearby organs or structures, can spread to lymph nodes, or can spread to other organs through the blood stream. Their growth damages what they are attached to, and often cancers encourage new blood flow to themselves. Cancer can grow in the colon. ...Read more

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Colon cancer any signs?

Colon cancer any signs?

Not always: Colon cancer tends to not have any signs or symptoms when it is early (when it is easiest to treat). That is why screening colonoscopies are so important, to remove any polyps that may become cancer, and to directly look for cancers. Colon cancer can cause bleeding from the rectum, tiredness from anemia, stool changes, or abdominal pain. Other things can cause this too. Best to be seen if ?S. ...Read more

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Does colon cancer hurt?

Does colon cancer hurt?

Usually not: Early stages of colon cancer often have no symptoms. Colon cancer has long developmental stages starting out as polyps and can take yrs to develop, hence screening colonoscopy is done every 10 yrs for normal folks. Polyps can be removed during colonoscopy. Advanced cancer can cause pain by obstructing bowel, spread to liver, bone, brain, lung etc. See doc regulalry. Good luck. ...Read more

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What cures colon cancer ?

What cures colon cancer
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Early detection!: The best thing that improves the chances of curing colon cancer is early detection. So preventive health care and screening are key. All adults should have a colonoscopy at age 50 to look for cancers or early cancers, usually as polyps. If you have a strong family history or certain conditions it is recommended you get earlier screening.Once detected, colon ca usually is cured by surgery, or drugs. ...Read more

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What causes colon cancer?

What causes colon cancer?

Very complicated: Monoclonal theory says that just like we are a living thing, we are born, we have jobs to do and then we die, each cell has a similar cycle of birth, life, and death. Cancer occurs when a cell develops so many mutations that it does not follow that cycle and does not die but can still divide itself and hides from our immune system which is there to detect abnormal cells and destroy them. ...Read more

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Can this be colon cancer?

Not enough info: Colon cancer can present with or without symptoms. Common symptoms include change in stool caliber/consistency, rectal bleeding or blood with bm, abdominal pain, anemia. If you have not been screened, you should consider the various screening options for colon cancer, includine a stool test to check for blood, colonoscopy, or sigmoidoscopy. If you are having bleeding, you need a colonoscopy. ...Read more

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How does colon cancer begin?

How does colon cancer begin?

Polyps.: Polyps (adenomas) are small, benign masses that can form within the colon. The life cycle of the mucus membranes of the colon becomes disrupted, either from genetic or environmental reasons, causing growth of polyps. If polyp growth continues abnormally, they have the potential to develop into an invasive lesion and become cancerous. ...Read more

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How does colon cancer spread?

How does colon cancer spread?

Lymph nodes: Lymph nodes are the way colon cancer cells usually escape the colon. It can grow through the colon into the surroundings. Finally it can move from lymph nodes into the blood stream that flows to the liver. When the colon is examined, and if lymph nodes are involved, chemotherapy is recommended. ...Read more

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How to know if colon cancer ?

Get tested: There are many tests that have been developed to test either a patient with concerning symptoms or just as a routine screening exam in an a symptomatic patient. Each individual situation is different. Testing stool for blood or now genetic abnormalities, rectal exam, X-rays such as barium enema or ct scan virtual colonoscopy are examples. Best is colonoscopy as you can both look and do. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer fast-growing?

Is colon cancer fast-growing?

Can be: The fastest-growers are the ones that follow genetic pathways associated with the lynch loci. They may not even be preceded by a polyp -- colonoscopy can be clean one year, and a year later, there's a cancer. That's actually quite fast as cancers go. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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How is colon cancer inherited?

How is colon cancer inherited?

Genes: Most colon cancers are not inherited. However, there is a subset which is associated with inherited genetic abnormalities such as hereditary polyposis a this hereditary non polyposis gene (hnpp). There are also syndromes that make you susceptible to a variety of different cancers including colon cancer such as lynch syndrome. ...Read more

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Can children get colon cancer?

Can children get colon cancer?

Yes: Usually adult children. The youngest patient I have seen in my practice with a family history of colon cancer, was first diagnosed at age 18. ...Read more

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Dr. Jeffrey Stevens
13 doctors shared insights

Colon (Definition)

The colon is another term for the large intestine. This is the final portion of the digestive system, responsible for absorbing water and storing stool before evacuation. It is divided into sections described as cecum; ascending, transverse, descending and ...Read more


Dr. Creighton Wright
12 doctors shared insights

Colonic (Definition)

This is a combining term referring to some condition, treatment or disease of the colon. Such as colonic enema, colonic ...Read more