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Doctor insights on: Stages Of Carcinoma

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What are stages of squamous cell carcinoma?

What are stages of squamous cell carcinoma?

Differentiated: The pathology report will desribe well, moderate or poorly differentiated. Well differentiated is less advanced. It will also describe depth on invasion and whether nerves are involved. An evaluation of lymph nodes is done to confirm squamous cell is localized to skin. In advanced cases it will have spread requiring surgery followed by radiation, and possible chemotherapy. ...Read more

Dr. Barry Rosen
4,344 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Describe the final stages of cancer?

Describe the final stages of cancer?

See the site listed: Below: http://www.Cancer.Org/treatment/understandingyourdiagnosis/advancedcancer/index the question is too vague to answer in 400 characters. ...Read more

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What characterizes early stage squamous cell carcinoma?

What characterizes early stage squamous cell carcinoma?

Nothing: Even in the lung, squamous cell carcinomas are usually silent until they have become large enough to cause coughing up of blood -- one of the common ways in which it announces itself. On the skin, of course, a growing mass with a rough surface is (depending on how it looks) likely to be a squamous skin cancer; these are usually easy to cure. Good luck. ...Read more

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What are signs of final stages of liver cancer?

What are signs of final stages of liver cancer?

Liver failure: Advanced liver cancer can lead to Jaundice(yellowness of eyes), weight loss, poor appetite and ascites. Rising bilirubin leads to liver failure, mental confusion and ultimately coma. Serious Infections can ensue as a terminal event. ...Read more

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Chances of metastasis to lung of stage II colon cancer?

Chances of metastasis to lung of stage II colon cancer?

Low but not zero: Stage ii colon cancer means no lymph node involvement by definition, but inadequate lymph node sampling (surgical resection) may "understage" the cancer, so make sure enough ln were taken -minimum of 12! even with appropriate surgery, mets may still occur, although very unusual, so discuss with your treating docs. A pet/ct may give some reassurance so ask if this can be done. ...Read more

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Are there stages of advanced esophageal cancer?

Are there stages of advanced esophageal cancer?

Esophageal cancer: Like most cancers esophageal cancer staging also depends on depth of tumor, nodal involvement and metastasis. Advance stage means deeper, larger tumor, nodal involvement and presence of distant metastasis. ...Read more

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What are the stages of pancreatic cancer?

What are the stages of pancreatic cancer?

TNM: The staging defines tumors by size, involvement of local structures, nodal status and metastasis. Size <2 cm=t1, >2cm-t2, beyond pancreas=t3, sma/celiac involvement=t4. T1/2 tumors with no nodes or mets=stage 1, T3 (liothyronine) with no nodes/mets=stage 2a, t1-3 with nodes positive=stage 2b, any t4=stage 3, any mets=stage 4. Stages 1 and 2=resectable, stage 3= borderline, locally advanced (unresectable). ...Read more

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What are the stages of wilms tumor?

What are the stages of wilms tumor?

1-4: This is a simple breakdown-- stage 1-limited to kidney stage 2- outside the kidney stage 3-residual tumor after removal of the kidney inside the abdomen stage 4-metastasis to liver, lung, brain or other regions for more details you can go to: http://www.Cancer.Gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/wilms/healthprofessional/page3. ...Read more

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What is the survival of invasive ductal carcinoma stage 2?

What is the survival of invasive ductal carcinoma stage 2?

High: Published 5-yr survival rates are 81% for iia and 84% for iib breast ca. Keep in mind this includes mortality from other causes and reflects patients treated almost a decade ago. For more info...http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-survival-by-stage. ...Read more

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What is the stages of hodgkin's lymphoma?

What is the stages of hodgkin's lymphoma?

Determined by site: Stage 1: involvement of a single lymph node region or single non-lymph node site stage 2: involvement of two or more lymph node regions on the same side of the diaphragm stage 3: involvement of lymph node regions on both sides of the diaphragm stage 4: significant or widespread involvement of non-lymph node sites. ...Read more

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What are the stages of esophageal cancer?

What are the stages of esophageal cancer?

IV: There are 4 stages for esophageal cancer, with a and b substages. We use roman numerals. For stages i - iia, the treatment is the physically fit patient is surgery or esophagectomy. For stages iib and iii the treatment is chemotherapy and radiotherapy, followed by surgery, or in patients who do not want surgery, chemoradiotherapy alone. For stage IV treatment is chemotherapy +/- radiation. ...Read more

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What defines the stages of skin cancer?

What defines the stages of skin cancer?

TNM: Cancers are generally staged according to a t-n-m classification. A tumor is scored based on characteristics of the tumor, nodal spread, and metastasis. So, based on the size or depth of a skin cancer, it will receive a certain t score. The n score is based on whether it has spread to lymph nodes, and the m score tells you if it has spread to a distant site. The combination gives the staging. ...Read more

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Is stage 4 squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck always incurable?

Is stage 4 squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck always incurable?

No.: Stage iva head and neck cancer is usually curable. If it is confined to the primary site (example base of tongue) and spread only to neck lymph nodes, it can be cured with radiation/chemo, sometimes surgery added. ...Read more

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What are signs of hepatocellular carcinoma?

What are signs of hepatocellular carcinoma?

No...: In its early stage, the patient virtually has no symptoms at all. The key to its diagnosis is still professional alertness notably for someone with hepatitis - b, -c, liver cirrhosis, chronic alcohol use, with known abnormal finding in liver function test. These patients are advised to have periodic follow-up with blood tests and liver ultrasound study. Any doubt, see an expert timely. Best. ...Read more

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Is liver cancer the final stage of life?

Not necessarily: Liver cancer is a pretty bad diagnosis, depends whether it is primary or metastatic. There is treatment though including transplant if you are young and in good shape, and there are many other novel treatments as well. You need close follow up with your doctors at this point and to evaluate all the options. Good luck! ...Read more

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What are the stages of adrenal cortical cancer?

What are the stages of adrenal cortical cancer?

4 stages: Stage 1: tumor <5cm limited to the adrenal gland. Stage 2: tumor >5 CM limited to the adrenal gland. Stage 3: tumor of any size limited to the adrenal but with positive lymph node or tumor present in peri-adrenal fat but with negative lymph nodes. Stage 4: tumor in periadrenal fat with positive nodes or tumor invading adjacent organs or with distant metastatic disease. ...Read more

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What is the prognosis of first @ second stages of adinocarcinoma of colorectal region?

What is the prognosis of first @ second stages of adinocarcinoma of colorectal region?

Prognosis: Prognosis of early stage of colon cancer- stage 1 and 2, in general , are very good- that is around 93% for stage 1 and is between 75-85% for stage 2- with curative surgery alone. The prognosis will also depend on the biology of the cancer and other risk/how good your overall condition. Please d/w your doctor further regarding your case. ...Read more

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What distinguishes the various stages of colon cancer?

What distinguishes the various stages of colon cancer?

See below: Stage 0 is superficial and non-invasive. Stage 1 is local disease superficial colon wall. Stage 2 is deeper invasion through colon wall. Stage 3 is spread to lymph nodes. Stage 4 is spread to any other organs. ...Read more

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Stages of progression in gonorrhea?

Stages of progression in gonorrhea?

Depends: You didn't say whether you're a man or woman, which makes a big difference. The body location also matters (male urethra, female genital tract, throat, or rectum.) we don't typically think of gonorrhea as having 'stages, ' the way syphilis does, but if left untreated there can be complications especially in women (e.g. Pid, disseminated infection with joint involvement). ...Read more