Doctor insights on:
Stages Of Cancer And What They Mean
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
The extent of cancer: ...is typically categorized into various stages. A complete diagnostic evaluation is needed to determine a cancer's stage. Criteria are the size of the primary tumor, the involvement of regional lymph nodes, invasion into tissue outside the breast, or more distant metastasis. Staging systems are usually numbered I-IV with various subdivisions. See http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/breast/Patient/page2 ...Read more
Many variations: Leukemia can be Acute or Chronic. Further, it can be either Lymphatic(ALL , CLL) or Myeloid (AML)type. Since it is a blood cancer, it spreads into the blood very early on. So there is no staging system like we have for solid Cancers. But we can characterize it as Newly diagnosed(untreated) or Relapsed after prior treatment. The prognosis varies greatly among all the different varieties enlisted . ...Read more
Cancer stages 0-5: In general there are 5 stages - each cancer has its own staging system Stage 0 - precancerous - has not spread to nearby tissues Stage I - In general is a small cancer and has not grown deeply into nearby tissues Stage II - In general is larger or has grown more deeply in nearby tissues, may involve lymph nodes Stage III - Like stage II but even more advanced Stage IV - Has spread to other organs ...Read more
Good question!: Stage describes how spread a cancer is. Usually, but not always, it goes from stage 1 (or 0 in some cases) to 4. Grade has to do with how the cells look under the microscope. The more they look like normal cells, the better. Both high stage and high grade usually mean worse prognosis but they do not always go together. You can have a high grade, low stage cancer or viseversa. ...Read more
1 through 4: The stage of colon cancer is based upon the depth of penetration of the cancer thru the colon wall, the presence or absence of lymph node involvement, and the presence of cancer elsewhere in the body (metastatic disease). The stage is associated with prognosis and guides our recommendations regarding chemotherapy. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
IV: There are 4 stages for esophageal cancer, with a and b substages. We use roman numerals. For stages i - iia, the treatment is the physically fit patient is surgery or esophagectomy. For stages iib and iii the treatment is chemotherapy and radiotherapy, followed by surgery, or in patients who do not want surgery, chemoradiotherapy alone. For stage IV treatment is chemotherapy +/- radiation. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
See below: The first part of your question is unclear. You may consult this site for early signs of cancer, however, if you have any concern, it would be prudent to see your doctor. The usual signs are lump in the breast, nipple discharge, changes in skin over the breast, enlarged lymph glands in axilla etc. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/breast-cancer/ds00328/dsection=symptoms. ...Read more
TNM: The staging defines tumors by size, involvement of local structures, nodal status and metastasis. Size <2 cm=t1, >2cm-t2, beyond pancreas=t3, sma/celiac involvement=t4. T1/2 tumors with no nodes or mets=stage 1, T3 (liothyronine) with no nodes/mets=stage 2a, t1-3 with nodes positive=stage 2b, any t4=stage 3, any mets=stage 4. Stages 1 and 2=resectable, stage 3= borderline, locally advanced (unresectable). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Here are some...: Every life event including colon cancer not only is a process of lifelong making, but displays on its pattern of full spectrum. Likewise, for colon cancer, at its early stage, no symptom but incidental finding found on routine colonoscopy; at its late stage, gross colon bleeding or bowel obstruction may evidence; at its middle path, symptoms are in between. More? Ask doc timely. ...Read more
What are the stages of cardiomyopathy? And what are the symptoms of each stage? Can it be diagnosed in the early stages?
No stages: There are no stages. It's diagnosed by measuring the ejection fraction (which is the blood ejected in a single beat). Normal is 55%. Less than 55% is cardiomyopathy. Mild, moderate, & severe are often used to describe. There may be no symptoms. Breathlessness with exertion and easy fatiguability are early symptoms. Echocardiography is the test of choice to diagnose it. Cause is looked for next. ...Read more
Worried-see your doc: If you are concerned - particularly if you have a family history of colon cancer - talk to your doctor. Blood in the bowel movement, tarry black stools, anemia (low red blood cell count) that might show up as shortness of breath or fatigue, narrowing of the actual stool are all potential signs/symptoms. But a colonoscopy is the test one needs if it seems likely! good luck. Lgromkomd. ...Read more
End of life lung ca: The end of life with any cancer can be very similar, but for lung cancer patients it usually goes something like this:they have pain, pain meds are given, they quit eating, they sleep more and more and when they are awake they have pain or can't breath so more pain meds are given, which causes them to sleep more.The last few days are filled with sleep& irregular breathing hopefully with pain controlld. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Bleeding most common: About half of patients will have rectal bleeding as a first symptom. A third of patients will experience pain or a sense of a rectal mass. About 20 percent of patients will have no symptoms at all. Never assume one has hemorrhoids. Best to have it checked. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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