Doctor insights on:
Stages Of Cancer And What They Mean
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Depends: Can be due to your treatments or other factors- you should talk to your doctor. ...Read more
In stage 4 ovarian cancer, what does it mean if after several chemo treatments, if your ca-125 stays same?
Hard to say: If your ca-125 was very elevated to start with, and it's staying the same, that means the ovarian cancer cells aren't growing, which is good! Of course, you'd feel better if your ca-125 was going down, but that can take some time. If your ca-125 was in the normal range to start with, or only mildly elevated, it might not be an accurate marker for your cancer. How you feel is very important! ...Read more
See below: The level of cells carrying oxygen in the blood is low. In stage 4. Carcinoma there can be several causes. If she is taking chemotherapy to treat the cancer, it can be a side effect of the drugs. If the bone cancer is extensive, the cancer can replace the bone marrow which normally produces blood cells. In which case there is decreased production of blood cells due to cancer. ...Read more
In stage 4 ovarian cancer, what does it usually mean if your ca-125 goes from 600 to 222 then back up to 350?
Regional spread: IIIC: Cancer is present in one or both of the ovaries, and cancer cells are also present in tumors larger than 2 cm in the abdominal lining or in the nearby lymph nodes. This stage is best handled by total hyst bilat salpingo oophorectomy, omentectomy and tumor nodular reduction to decrease any residual lesion to >1cm followed by cheno. ...Read more
Standardized: There are several staging protocols, but the american joint commission on cancer staging (ajcc) is the biggest one in the United States. By standardizing exactly how a tumor is "staged" is based on the tumor location, size and extent of invasion, whether lymph nodes are affected, and if there is distant metastatic disease. These are put together to give a stage: used for treatment decisions. ...Read more
Triple negative?: I'm betting that this is a report on a breast cancer that lacks each of three markers for treatability by particular interventions. If this is not correct, please write back and direct your question to our oncologists. ...Read more
Mets invade nerves: For the most part primary malignancies do not cause pain. A tumor in the breast even when fairly large, or a primary colon lesion that has not caused obstruction does not cause pain. When mets to the liver expand the liver capsule, metastatic lung or breast to bone expanding the periosteurm of bone or lesions of retroperitoneal tumors invade nerves of lumbar plexus, severe pain can be felt. ...Read more
VIN: Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (vin) is dysplasia of the vulva. The grades, assigned by the pathologist when microscopically examining vulvar biopsy specimens, are vin 1 (mild squamous dysplasia), vin 2 (moderate squamous dysplasia), and vin 3 (severe squamous dysplasia). Vin 2 and 3 have the highest risk of progression to invasive squamous cell carcinoma if left untreated. ...Read more
Usually - yes.: Gleevac is used for the treatment of various cancers, including Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), some cases of Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), or rare cancers like mastocytosis. Other 'pre-cancer' diseases (some myelodysplastic syndromes) and non-cancerous hyper eosinophilia syndrome can be treated with Gleevac. ...Read more
Clinical trials for: Many cancers use the 5 yr survival for a benchmark. As with most statistics from trials, they report on a group rather than individuals. 5 yr is no t a good endpoint for prostate: it needs 10 & 15 year data, but 5 yrs is often used with lung, breat and colorectal. These cancers comprise 80% of cancer. ...Read more
Nonspecific: Borderline can mean not enough tissue to evaluate, abnormal cells. Will most likely need a repeat exam sooner than a yearly exam. Hope this helps. ...Read more
CA silent killers: There are a few cancers that present late in the course of the disease because they have very vague or even common symptoms. Some examples are ovarian, pancreatic, prostate, glioblastoma multiforma, lung, and stomach. Some cancers are very fast growing...esophageal and Burkit's lymphoma. ...Read more
Possibly: It sounds like you had a test called a serum electrophoresis. This looks at the proteins in the serum and when they speak about the "gamma band", this refers to one of the immunoglobulin protein components. This region has an increased band in tumors that secrete excess immunoglobulin. This is seen with multiple myeloma, one of the cancers of the blood cells. These cells normally make antibodies. ...Read more
I have noticed so many more freckles since I moved to Florida. Can this mean my chances of cancer are greater?
No...: You are just freckled....Get a more detailed answer ›
If fdp(dr-70) is 3.1in onkosure test... Does it mean that there is cent percent chances of cancer or it is still suspicious?
Caution: From my reading, this test for fibrin degradation products is being promoted in parts of the world for purposes that are inappropriate. I would not trust this to tell you whether you do or do not have cancer, though it is of some value in looking to see whether a known cancer is back and progressing. Please talk with your physician. ...Read more
It does not mean cancer. It, by itself, does not even suggest any illness.
For good health — Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form.
Practice safe sex, if you have sex. ...Read more
No: Fluid in the kidney or hydronephrosis mostly is due to an obstruction in the urine pathway from pelvis, ureter to bladder even urethra. It could be a stone which is most common at your age or a stenosis in the pathway. Although a solid lesion can cause obstruction too. An ultrasound is a good starting test. ...Read more
No: If you feel well, it probably means nothing. Reference ranges are set so that several percent of folks fall outside on either end. ...Read more
Ain't necessarily so: TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) is released by your pituitary gland at base of your brain because it 1) senses too little thyroid hormone (T3,T4) from your thyroid gland or 2) it is being overstimulated from above by the hypothalamus or 3) there is a tumor in the pituitary or the hypothalamus causing overproduction. See your local endocrinology maven for a workup soon!! ...Read more
More nodes positive:
Breast — more than 10 pos axillary ln or pos. Ln at level iii or axillary and inter mammary ln pos. Or supraclavicular ln pos
. Melanoma more than 4 regional ln or matted ln
colon tumor invasion through wall, maybe involving adjacent organs with 4 or more regional pos. Ln. ...Read more
Usually no: Constant cough can be due to many things: asthma, allergy, bronchitis, pneumonia. After an episode of bronchitis, persistent coughing can last for several weeks. In only a minority of cases that it is associated with cancer, even in smokers. However, if you have a cough that does not seem to go away (especially if you are a smoker, or has weight loss ect...), you should see your doctor. ...Read more
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