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Doctor insights on: Stage 5 Kidney Cancer

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,310 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Is kidney cancer lethal?

Is kidney cancer lethal?

Kidney cancer: By definition, any cancer is potentially lethal. When kidney cancer is detected in the earlier stages (before metastasis outside the kidney) it is often curable by surgery. Metastatic kidney cancer, however, has a very poor prognosis. ...Read more

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Is kidney cancer hereditary?

Is kidney cancer hereditary?

Sometimes: The vast majority of kidney cancer cases are not inherited (sporadic). There are a handful of syndromes known to be associated with different types of kidney cancer but they are rare. A well known example is von hippel-lindau syndrome. ...Read more

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How common is kidney cancer?

How common is kidney cancer?

Relatively uncommon: Kidney cancer is the sixth and eighth leading cause of new cancers in men and women in 2012, respectively. An estimated 40, 250 cases in men and 24, 520 in women are projected in 2012, which represents 5% and 3% of new cancer diagnoses for men and women, respectively. ...Read more

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How did i get kidney cancer?

Difficult to be sure: Most kidney cancers are sporadic, meaning there is no inherited cause, though there are a number of familial syndromes associated with it. Multiple factors including environmental exposures and possibly diet smoking and obesity can lead to genetic mutations in kidney cells which if not properly repaired can lead to uncontrolled growth sometimes with the ability to spread far from the kidney. ...Read more

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How is kidney cancer treated?

How is kidney cancer treated?

Usually surgery: Kidney cancer is primarily treated with surgery if the cancer is confined to the kidney. Depending on the size/location of the tumor, partial removal (called partial nephrectomy) of just the tumor portion of the kidney is recommended. The majority is treated minimally invasive techniques including laparoscopic/robotic-assisted surgery. Cancer spread from kidney may be treated with chemotherapy. ...Read more

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How can I treat kidney cancer?

How can I treat kidney cancer?

Surgery or ChemoRad: The most common treatment for kidney cancer that has not spread is surgery to remove the kidney (a nephrectomy). If the tumor is small enough, it could be done by removing part of the kidney to preserve some kidney function on that side (a partial nephrectomy). These surgeries can be done open, laparoscopic, or robotic-assisted laparoscopic. Cancers that have spread require chemo and/or radiation. ...Read more

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How is kidney cancer diagnosed?

Primarily imaging: Most kidney cancers are found through some type of imaging modality (e.g. Ct scan, mri, etc), although some can be picked up through looking at the cells present in a urine sample. ...Read more

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How fast can kidney cancer grow?

Variable: Generally speaking, the single strongest predictor of growth rate of kidney cancer is fuhrman grade. Grade refers to microscopic features of the tumor cell nucleus. Certain cell types or variants of kidney cancer may also be associated with rapid growth in that they may typically act aggressively and are usually high grade cancers (eg, collecting duct and medullary cancers). ...Read more

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How aggressive is kidney cancer?

How aggressive is kidney cancer?

Aggressive: Kidney cancer is generally aggressive. There are varying degrees of aggressiveness which is determined by biopsy after the kidney is removed. Untreated aggressive kidney cancer is usually fatal. The treatment of choice is surgery. ...Read more

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What are cause of kidney cancer?

What are cause of kidney cancer?

Kidney cancer: You should see your urologist and also look at nccn.Org but smoking. About a third of kidney cancers are thought to be caused by smoking. Some of the chemicals from tobacco get into the body and are passed out in urine. These chemicals in the urine can be damaging (carcinogenic) to kidney tubule cells. Other chemical carcinogens. Some workplace chemicals have been linked to an increased risk. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of kidney cancer?

What are symptoms of kidney cancer?

X-ray: In the past, most kidney cancers were detected at a high stage or late stage (the cancer has grown large and invaded other structures) and therefore the signs were a large mass that can be felt, hematuria, or side/back pain. However today many kidney cancers are being detected at an early stage (small and limited to the kidney) because patients have x-rays (ct scan) for other reasons. ...Read more

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What are the tests for kidney cancer?

What are the tests for kidney cancer?

Imaging: The vast majority of kidney cancers are found by imaging (ct scan or mri) either in symptomatic patients (flank pain, blood in urine, etc.) or fortuitously while investigating an unrelated problem. ...Read more

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Is everyone at risk for kidney cancer?

Is everyone at risk for kidney cancer?

Yes: While there is some genetic propensity for the development of renal cell cancer, the majority of cases develop spontaneously. ...Read more

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How can I tell if I have kidney cancer?

Medical imaging: Most kidney tumors today are found early by imaging i.e. Ultrasounds or ct scans done for other reasons. Many other are diagnosed becoause of blood in the urine_ hematuria.Larger tumors may cause pain or fever. ...Read more

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Could a kidney cancer exist for 17 years?

Could a kidney cancer exist for 17 years?

Yes: At autopsy, I've often found tiny cancers and thought, "Maybe it would have been big enough to be a problem in maybe twenty years." ...Read more

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Is it possible to get kidney cancer twice?

Yes: Some patients develop multiple tumors in the same kidney (if the first was removed by partial removal of the kidney) or in the opposite. Often the second tumor is unrelated to the first. Multiple tumors in a young person is sometimes due to an inherited condition. ...Read more

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Are there different kinds of kidney cancer?

Are there different kinds of kidney cancer?

Yes: The two major types of kidney cancers are: (a) arising from renal tubules, renal cell carcinoma, is the more common of the two, (b) tumors arising from the pelvic epithelium, transitional cell carcinomas. ...Read more

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Can a 25 year young female have kidney cancer?

Can a 25 year young female have kidney cancer?

Rare but possible: Kidney cancers (renal cell cancer) are rare in young people, of the total aprx 38, 000 75% are 60 yrs or over, 1.4 % in the age of 20 to 34 years. Incidence in female is slightly less. ...Read more

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Dr. Sean Williamson
171 doctors shared insights

Hypernephroma (Definition)

Hypernephroma has become an outdated term for cancerous change of filtrating tubules of kidneys and has bee replaced by renal cell carcinoma; literally, it denotes "overgrowth of kidney cells". Its risk factors are tobacco smoking, long-term OTC pain killer use, etc. In few cases, genetic factor is blamed. More? Contact www.healthtap.com/dr-Lin ...Read more


Kidney (Definition)

The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more