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Doctor insights on: Stage 4 Lung Cancer And Emphysema Prognosis 80 Years Old

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Quit smoking dec. 2012. Had a few cigs in between. Total pack years is 23. What are my risks of lung cancer in my 40's? 50's?60's? Currently have wheezing, 3yrs ago pulm. Told me have early emphysema.

Quit smoking dec. 2012. Had a few cigs in between. Total pack years is 23. What are my risks of lung cancer in my 40's? 50's?60's? Currently have wheezing, 3yrs ago pulm. Told me have early emphysema.

20 years to normal: Cancer risk returns to normal only 20 years after stopping smoking. Congratulations on having stopped. Cancer or no cancer, being able to breath is something we often don't fully appreciate until it is lost. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,298 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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I may have cystic fibrosis, COPD or lung cancer (my maternal grandfather had stage IV lung cancer), how to know?

I may have cystic fibrosis, COPD or lung cancer (my maternal grandfather had stage IV lung cancer), how to know?

Diagnosis....: There are diagnostic tests your doctor can order to be sure you don't have these conditions. For example, pulmonary function testing will show chronic obstruction if you have COPD and a chest CT can help rule out lung cancer and there is specific testing for cystic fibrosis. If you are smoking, you need to quit ASAP to lower the risk of COPD and lung CA. See a lung doctor for the testing you need ...Read more

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30 years old-dyspnea for past 4 weeks-quit smoking after two weeks-chances of lung cancer? COPD?

30 years old-dyspnea for past 4 weeks-quit smoking after two weeks-chances of lung cancer? COPD?

Not now but...: It deoends on your smoking exposure. Don't touch the evil weed again ever. See a pulmonologist. Stay off of it. It is poison! ...Read more

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What's the difference between lung cancer and emphysema?

What's the difference between lung cancer and emphysema?

COPD versus cancer: In emphysema the air sacs of the lung (alveoli) are damaged. The result is the lung "traps air in the damaged sacs and it becomes hard to exhale. The lung becomes over inflated. Breathing (getting oxygen in and carbon dioxide out) are progressively harder. In lung cancer a cell is damaged and can not regulate its growth, ( ie becomes cancerous) with tumor formation. Both are linked to smoking. ...Read more

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Is it difficult to travel with lung cancer and emphysema?

Is it difficult to travel with lung cancer and emphysema?

A little bit: Traveling with lung disease can be slightly more complicated. Planning for routine medications, including oxygen takes some advanced planning. Discuss your plans with both your pulmonologist and your travel medicine specialist prior to booking the tickets. If you need oxygen while flying you need to arrange for special canisters or machines. Also plan how to mange a flare up at your destination. ...Read more

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What are some of the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?

What are some of the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?

Varies: Common symptoms of emphysema include cough, wheezing, and shortness of breath. The problem with lung cancer is...many times, there are no symptoms (like coughing up blood) until it is too late. That is why lung cancer is so deadly. And that is why smoking, which causes lung cancer, is so harmful. ...Read more

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Need expert help here. What are the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?

Need expert help here. What are the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?

Cough/chest pain: Symtoms are non specific and include cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, coughing up blood, weight loss to name a few. A medical evaluation including radiography(chest x-ray ad possible ct), pfts and physical assessment. ...Read more

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Chronic bronchitis emphysema and lung cancer can be caused by?

Chronic bronchitis emphysema and lung cancer can be caused by?

Smoking..,: The most common cause for both diseases is cigarette smoking. By either avoiding smoking or quitting if you do smoke, you reduce your chances of getting these diseases. See your doctor if you need help to quit. ...Read more

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If someone with emphysema or copd, and then gets lung cancer, how low is the survival rate?

If someone with emphysema or copd, and then gets lung cancer, how low is the survival rate?

Low...: Lung cancer has a low survival rate regardless of whether or not COPD is also present. By the time a person has symptoms, the cancer is already advanced so the best cure rate is when it is found before there are any symptoms. Because of this, the best approach is to stop smoking or never start since the prognosis is terrible once symptoms are present! ...Read more

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What is the difference between emphysema and lung cancer?

What is the difference between emphysema and lung cancer?

Different things: Emphysema is destruction of lung tissue from (most often) smoking. Lung cancer is an abnormal growth of lung tissue that can cause destruction of many tissues, not just lung. They are completely different diseases. But, because the most common cause of lung cancer is smoking, many times patients with lung cancer have emphysema and vice versa. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of lung cancer compared to emphysema?

What are the symptoms of lung cancer compared to emphysema?

Cough: Emphysema typically causes breathlessness with exertion. Cancer is silent at first, but later can cause persistent cough or even coughing up blood. Chest pain that is persistent may occur. Emphysema generally doesn't cause much coughing, unlike chronic bronchitis which often occurs in combination (copd). ...Read more

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What is the percentage of smokers get lung cancer or emphysema?

What is the percentage of smokers get lung cancer or emphysema?

15-17%: About 15-17% of smokers develop lung cancer or emphysema. About 85% of patients with lung cancer have been exposed to significant amounts of cigarette smoke. ...Read more

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Angioendema?Can it be caused by ACE inhibitors.Can a ACE test level be decreased in other conditions.Emphysema, lung cancer, cystic fibrosis.Copd ?

ACE Inhibitors: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ace) inhibitors are the leading cause of drug-induced angioedema in the U.S. Because they are widely prescribed. Most common is swelling of the lips, tongue, or face, although episodic abdominal pain due to intestinal angioedema may occur. Urticaria and itching are notably absent. The rest of the question is too complex to address here. Thanks. ...Read more

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My mom is 50 years a old and has been recently diagnosed with stage 4 lung cancer. What is life expectancy?

My mom is 50 years a old and has been recently diagnosed with stage 4 lung cancer. What is life expectancy?

Can't be certain : There are many variables that affect survival. The lung cancer type and location. Younger people tend to live longer than older people with lung cancer. Women with lung cancer have a greater life expectancy than men with with lung cancer. Every case is different. That being said, the median stage 4 non-small cell lung cancer life expectancy is about 8 months. Five year survival is only 1%. ...Read more

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76 year old female with stage 4 small cell Lung cancer, also in the liver. Presenting with hand shakes & skin peeling off her hands- whats happening?

76 year old female with stage 4 small cell Lung cancer, also in the liver.  Presenting with hand shakes & skin peeling off her hands- whats happening?

This sounds like: a response to chemotherapy. Since we do not know her medical history or treatment history it would be best to contact her treating health care provider for more information regarding this current condition. ...Read more

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What is the longest time you can live with stage 111 lung cancer and no treatment. Had a lobectomy in April this year. Also have COPD too. ?

What is the longest time you can live with stage 111 lung cancer and no treatment. Had a lobectomy in April this year. Also have COPD too. ?

God only knows: That is a question that no doctor or anyone else can answer for you. There are averages but the best thing is to speak to your oncologist. Also read DrAtul Gwande's book "Being Mortal". ...Read more

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Metastasis noted in bone in pelvic region. Now person is noted as stage 4 lung cancer given about 3 months to live. How accurate is this prognosis?

Metastasis noted in bone in pelvic region. Now person is noted as stage 4 lung cancer given about 3 months to live. How accurate is this prognosis?

Possibly: Metastasis to bone from any tumor/malignancy is stage4= distant metastasis= spread beyond margins. Prognosis is guarded, depending on originating type. Some metastasis respond to removal or control of primary thyroid and renal come to mind. ...Read more

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My friend diagnosed stage 4 inoperablel lung cancer.6 rounds of chemo shrunk tumor but tumors in adrenals grew.She was diagnosed in march.Prognosis?

My friend diagnosed stage 4 inoperablel lung cancer.6 rounds of chemo shrunk tumor but tumors in adrenals grew.She was diagnosed in march.Prognosis?

Cosider localtherapy: I think the lung cancer can metastasize to the adrenal gland either by the lymphatic or the hematogenous route. In case of metastasis by the lymphatic route, it can be a solitary metastasis, and the prognosis can be relatively better. If the patient is young and in good performance status, aggressive treatment(stereotactic radiotherapy or even removal) can be considered in very selected case. ...Read more

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Dr. L. Collins
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Copd (Definition)

COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more


Lung (Definition)

Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more