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Doctor insights on: Stage 4 Colorectal Cancer Survival Rates

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Is stage 4 colorectal cancer curable?

Is stage 4 colorectal cancer curable?

Majority will be No: When the cancer has spread to other organ beyond the primary organ-metastatic disease- or stage 4-, majority, it is an incurable disease. In a very selected case, when the metastatic disease is very limited - 1 or 2- only in the liver or only in the lung- and no other disease anywhere else and if surgery can be done to remove completely, attemp to cure the cancer can be done with chemo & surgery. ...Read more

Dr. Herbert Hoover
236 Doctors shared insights

Colorectal Cancer (Definition)

Colorectal cancer is cancer of the colon or rectum. The cells lining the colon or rectum become abnormal and grow uncontrollably. They start as polyps. Symptoms include blood in the stool, constipation, loss of appetite, and weight loss. This cancer can be prevented through early screening, if a polyp is detected during a colonoscopy and excised. Additionally, a high fiber diet with plenty of water and a ...Read more


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My dad is 56. Diagnosed 12/7/16 with Stage 4 colorectal cancer, liver metastases and perforated colon. What's his prognosis if he starts chemo 1/11/17?

My dad is 56. Diagnosed 12/7/16 with Stage 4 colorectal cancer, liver metastases and perforated colon. What's his prognosis if he starts chemo 1/11/17?

Fair: Metastatic colon Ca treatable if primary lesion resected. What is in liver remains in liver to be treated by microwave ablation or chemoembolization. Question about perforation which releases cells into peritoneal cavity that can be treated by hyperthermic perfusion and systemic chemo. Immunotherapy with mAb targeting mutated MUC5ac coming into play. ...Read more

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58 Years old diagnosed with Stage IV colorectal cancer and spread to liver with 7+cm tumor and lesions in the lung. What kind of life expectancy?

58 Years old diagnosed with Stage IV colorectal cancer and spread to liver with 7+cm tumor and lesions in the lung. What kind of life expectancy?

It Depends: Recent progress in genetic typing of individual Colon Ca tumors and genetic specific tumor drugs is leading to better understanding of likelihood of treatment success. See: https://www. Researchgate. Net/profile/Arun_Azad/publication/246837094_Predicting_the_response_to_targeted_therapy_in_metastatic_colorectal_cancer/links/5419c4180cf2218008bf9f8a.pdf
I recommend getting into a clinical trial. ...Read more

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How are the survival rates for colorectal cancer known?

How are the survival rates for colorectal cancer known?

Statistics: Most states collect cancer data that provide the basis for incidence, mortality and survival rates. ...Read more

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Life expectancy for stage four colorectal cancer spread to liver, on hospice with no treatment for past five months?

Colorectal Cancer: That is a difficult question to answer. Since we do not have all the facts especially concerning the overall health otherwise of the patient or their current health it is impossible to say. The best person to talk to about this is the physician who is following the patient now. ...Read more

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My mother was told she has stage 4 colorectal cancer. The oncologyst said there is nothing they can do for her, no medication, no treatment, she must?

My mother was told she has stage 4 colorectal cancer. The oncologyst said there is nothing they can do for her, no medication, no treatment, she must?

Glad they're honest: I'm sorry about your mom. I'm glad you got to be part of one anothers' lives, and that you care for her during her time of sickness. While the cancer may not be treatable, there are comfort and palliative measures, and this is a time to wrap up life, perhaps accomplish a few personal goals still possible, and seek comfort and dignity. Best wishes. ...Read more

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What ages does colorectal cancer affect?

What ages does colorectal cancer affect?

It varies: Colon cancer can strike from the 20s and beyond, but is much more common in people in their 50s to 70s hence the recommendations to not routinely do colonoscopies in people before the age of 50. Colon cancer that presents before 60 is often genetic whereas after 60 is more likely due to environmental factors like smoking and red meat. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what is colorectal cancer?

Can you tell me what is colorectal cancer?

CRC: It is cancer of the large intestine (which includes the colon and the rectum, the part labeled #5 in the illustration). It is the third most common cancer for both sexes and one of the few for which there is successful screening methods. Usually starts in a polyp and can be associated with several inherited traits. ...Read more

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Colorectal cancer is really serious, right?

Serious, right!: Colorectal cancer is very serious. It can also be completely and relatively easily cured if detected early. Screening should be performed at around 50 years of age. Certain people are at higher risk and should be checked earlier. Colonoscopy is the most reliable test at this time. If you are having symptoms that concern you, you should ask your dr. ...Read more

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How is colorectal cancer diagnosed usually?

How is colorectal cancer diagnosed usually?

Colonoscopy, imaging: And biopsy. A lesion may be detected on colonscopy or barium enema or the more recent ct scans. The lesion is biopsied and the tissue examined by a pathologist to make the diagnosis. Colon cancer may be suspected if there is blood in stool, either obvious or occult. ...Read more

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What are early symptoms of colorectal cancer?

What are early symptoms of colorectal cancer?

May be none: Many early cancers do not have any symptoms and that is why it is important to have screening tests done, e.g., colonoscopy at age 50 for prevention of colo-rectal cancer. Symptoms may be change in bowel habits, bleeding per rectum, anemia, bowel obstruction and the first symptoms may be from metastases to other organs such as liver. ...Read more

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What are some of the tests for Colorectal cancer?

What are some of the tests for Colorectal cancer?

The tests for Colorectal cancer include:: Biopsy, Complete blood count, CEA, Colonoscopy, Kidney function tests, MRI of pelvis, PET scan, Comprehensive metabolic panel, Barium enema, Virtual colonoscopy, CT of abdomen and pelvis with contast, Fecal occult blood. ...Read more

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What are the chances of colorectal cancer at age 37?

What are the chances of colorectal cancer at age 37?

Low: Chances are low, but this is not impossible. If you have a strong family history then the chances go up. Most people don't need any screening for colorectal cancer until age 50, or 10 years younger than age of diagnosis for your relative. ...Read more

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What are some pre-cancerous signs of colorectal cancer?

What are some pre-cancerous signs of colorectal cancer?

Colonic polyps: Nearly all colon cancers arise in colon polyps. Unfortunately, colonic polyps are generally asymptomatic and require colonscopy of barium enema for detection. Newer imaging studies may make the detection easier. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have higher incidence of colon cancer. A family history of colon cancer is an other "sign". ...Read more

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I know colorectal cancer has consequences. What are they?

I know colorectal cancer has consequences. What are they?

Colorectal cancer: Consequences include need for surgery and other forms of treatment such as chemotherapy radiation. People may live for along time if disease caught early. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: colorectal cancer?

What is the definition or description of: colorectal cancer?

Invasion: Colorectal cancer is a term to signify invasion accross a layer of the lining of the colon or rectum. A polyp can show abnormal features up to a point and still not be considered an invasive cancer. Once we use the term colon or rectal cancer, the cells are not only atypical, they have shown invasion. ...Read more

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Need expert help here. What are some signs of colorectal cancer?

Need expert help here. What are some signs of colorectal cancer?

Nonspecific signs: There may be blood in the stool, either visible or only detectable by testing; stool may be black (which means blood); change in bowel habits such as diarrhea or constipation or change in diameter/consistency of stools; fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath. There can be crampy abdominal pain and a feeling that your bowels are not emptying completely. There may be unexplained weight loss. ...Read more

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Is colorectal cancer always fatal?

Is colorectal cancer always fatal?

No: Most early colon cancers have a very high success rate of long term survival rate. More advanced cancers that spread to other sites do not have the same success rates, but can still live for years. ...Read more

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What is the pathology of colorectal cancer?

What is the pathology of colorectal cancer?

Adenocarcinoma: Colorectal cancer is usually adenocarcinoma that developed from a underlying polyp. For details on staging visit http://www. Cap. Org/apps/cap. Portal? _nfpb=true&cntvwrptlt_actionoverride=%2fportlets%2fcontentviewer%2fshow&_windowlabel=cntvwrptlt&cntvwrptlt%7bactionform. Contentreference%7d=committees%2fcancer%2fcancer_protocols%2fprotocols_index. Html&_state=maximized&_pagelabel=cntvwr. ...Read more

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Who should get screened for colorectal cancer?

Who should get screened for colorectal cancer?

Everyone, most >50: Most people are considered "average risk" for colorectal cancer, and should begin screening @ 50, typically with a colonoscopy. Some people at increased risk, such as those with inflammatory bowel disease or a family history of colorectal cancer. These people may need screening at a younger age-generally 10 yrs earlier than the age when their relative got colon cancer. Talk w/ your doctor. ...Read more

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Why should I get screened for colorectal cancer?

Because its common: Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in the United States. ...Read more

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What are the signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer?

What are the signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer?

None: Usually there are no symptoms. Later can develop intestinal or rectal bleeding, anemia, weight loss, intestinal blockage, change in bowel movements, etc. ...Read more

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What can be done about a stoma and colorectal cancer?

What can be done about a stoma and colorectal cancer?

May be temporary: Most stomas that are created following colorectal surgery are temporary. The permanent colostomies are performed when the tumor involves rectal sphincter and an APR is performed. Otherwise the diversion performed is to protect an anastomosis and can be closed several months later when the suture line has healed. A colostomy is also performed when there is bowel obstruction and diversion needed. ...Read more

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Is it possible to have colorectal cancer without having polyps?

Is it possible to have colorectal cancer without having polyps?

Possible: For a small percentage of colon cancers caused by lynch syndrome (also known as hnpcc - hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer), there is an absence of polyps. ...Read more

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What methods are used to screen a person for colorectal cancer?

History: Get personal and family history of colon cancer. Ask if history of colitis, familial polyposis, ibs, lunch syndrome, rectal bleeding, obesity, age over 44yo, rectal mass., un explained anemia needs to be evaluated. Colonoscopy is by far the best way to screen for colon cancer. ...Read more

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How likely is it that I have colorectal cancer if my dad had it?

How likely is it that I have colorectal cancer if my dad had it?

More likely.: Most colon cancer is from adenomatous polyps. Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer comes from hmsh2 and hmlh1 genes on chromosomes 2 and 3 respectively which repair dna. These have mutations that can lead to colon and other cancers. Diagnosis needs three or more relatives with colon cancer, with one being a first degree relative, >1 case before 50, and >=2 generations. ...Read more

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How many people are being screened for colorectal cancer each year?

How many people are being screened for colorectal cancer each year?

~1.6 million/year: The national cancer institute estimates that about 1.6 million screening colonoscopies are performed each year in the United States. Colonoscopy is not the only way to screen for colorectal cancer, but collecting these statistics on a national level is much more difficult. The other methods include sigmoidoscopy, fecal occult blood testing, and ct-based screening tests. ...Read more

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Is there any way to help prevent the return of my colorectal cancer?

4-Tiered Strategy: Surveillance: at the advice of your gastroenterologist, schedule routine colonoscopies; healthy habits: follow a diet high in veggies, fruits, and whole-grains, try to limit red meat and alcohol, exercise regularly; chemoprevention: talk to your oncologist about taking folate (folic acid) supplements and/or nsaids; genetic testing: if you have many relatives with colon ca, you may be a candidate for testing. ...Read more

Dr. Barry Rosen
4,351 Doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


Dr. Keith Monson
211 Doctors shared insights

Proctology (Definition)

Proctologists are physicians who have specialized knowledge to diagnose and surgically treat disorders affecting the colon, rectum, and anus. Such disorders may include hemorrhoids, colorectal ...Read more