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Doctor insights on: Stage 3 Malignant Melanoma Prognosis

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What does stage 3 breast cancer mean?

What does stage 3 breast cancer mean?

Advanced: Breast cancer survival is correlated with it's stage, which is predominantly based on the cancer size, it's growth, and lymph node involvement. Stage 3 means that the cancer has grown into the chest wall or skin and/or multiple lymph nodes (including areas outside the armpit) are involved. These are all signs that chemotherapy is needed for potential cure. ...Read more

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Dr. Lynne Weixel
216 doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

Skin is the largest and one of the most complex organs in the body composed of hundreds of different structures. Nearly any of these elements can degenerate into cancer. However the three most common are: basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use & ...Read more


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Can stage 1a endometrial cancer (removed) spread to mediastinal, bilateral hilar and virchow's node w/o infiltrating another organ?

Can stage 1a endometrial cancer (removed) spread to mediastinal, bilateral hilar and virchow's node w/o infiltrating another organ?

Yes but: It could possibly spread to local lymph node but the chances are very low. The lymph nodes that are in thoracic cavity are even less likely to contain metastatic tumor from a stage 1a endometrial cancer, especially if it's a garden variety low grade lesion. In fact, long term survival is very good, like 95%. The other 5% may represent very high grade tumors. ...Read more

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What is the difference between: basal cell carcinoma epithelioma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma?

Skin cancer: The difference between basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma has to do with how the skin cancer cells appear under the microscope as well as how they behave. Therefore it is important that they be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible by a healthcare professional who specializes in this area. ...Read more

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Survival rate for triple neg receptors for early stage breast cancer after chemo treatment? No lymph nodes involve, stage 1b, grade 2, mastec done

Survival rate for triple neg receptors for early stage breast cancer after chemo treatment?  No lymph nodes involve, stage 1b, grade 2, mastec done

Excellent: According to adjuvant online (www.Adjuvantonline.Com), you have about an 82% 10 yr survival rate based on your specific information provided. This is only an estimate since there are details I do not have such as type of chemotherapy being used. For triple negative breast cancer, these survival rates are quite excellent. ...Read more

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End stage liver disease, what is the prognosis?

End stage liver disease, what is the prognosis?

Not good.: When a liver with cirrhosis is having trouble doing it's job, it's called end-stage liver disease. This means that the liver is beginning to fail. Generally, patient in this setting will die or need transplant within a few years. Having cirrhosis, however, is not the same as end stage liver disease. Only when the liver starts to fail do we call it end stage. ...Read more

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What is positive breast cancer survival rate?

What is positive breast cancer survival rate?

?: Positive for what? You mean estrogen receptor positive? Her-2 positive? Lymph node positive??? Can't help you here, friend. Not enough information. ...Read more

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
1 doctor agreed:
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Is mucinous cyst adenocarcinoma of ovary curable?

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
1 doctor agreed:
Is mucinous cyst adenocarcinoma of ovary curable?

Depends: It depends on the stage. Early stage is curable with either surgery alone- vs surgery plus adjuvant therapy/chemotherapy . Advanced disease with distant spread even is very treatable however unfortunately is incurable. Please discuss further with your oncology team. ...Read more

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Benign serous cystadenoma on ovary can turn into borderline cancer or frank malignancy?

Benign serous cystadenoma on ovary can turn into borderline cancer or frank  malignancy?

Yes possible: It is possible longstanding cystadenoma some times can transform to malignant cystadenoma , pathologically it is cancer or not a cancer , pathologist will never describe as borderline cancer. ...Read more

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Stage 4 lung cancer with bloody stool?

Stage 4 lung  cancer with bloody  stool?

See your doctor.: Usually for stage IV lung ca, you will get chemotherapy. This can lower resistance to infection, including in the colon which could result in rectal bleeding. Rarely, lung cancer can spread to the bowel causing bleeding. See you m doctor/medical oncologist right away! ...Read more

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What is longterm prognosis for grade 3, stage 1b, triple positive breast cancer, double mastectomy and 6 treatments of TCH with one year of herceptin, (trastuzumab)?

What is longterm prognosis for grade 3, stage 1b, triple positive breast cancer, double mastectomy and 6 treatments of TCH with one year of herceptin, (trastuzumab)?

Better now: Exact prognosis is not possible, but your oncologist should discuss your prognosis with based on population statistics, such as Adjuvant! Online, or better still, your Oncotype Dx score based on the gene profile of your cancer. ...Read more

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Dear sir, my mother was suffering from brest cancer and her reports are metaplastic carcinoma with spindling &squamous metaplasia grade 3 suggest me?

Dear sir, 
my mother  was suffering from brest cancer and her reports are
metaplastic carcinoma with spindling &squamous metaplasia grade 3  suggest me?

Rare Breast Cancer: Metaplastic breast cancer is quite rare, representing less than 1% of all breast cas. It is so-named based upon its microscopic appearance. While the tendency is for these to be "aggressive" cancers, treatment and survival are based on the cancer stage, just like any other breast cancer. Once your mother recovers from her surgery, she will be referred to a medical oncologist for rx planning. ...Read more

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Can a patient stage 1 papillary thyroid cancer with BRAF mutation positive live more than 20 years ( she is 51 years old) ? Thank you very much!

Yes: Papillary thyroid cancer is very common and some people do not even know they have it as small tumors may be found on autopsy when they die of something else. Generally tumors are graded by how ugly they look to the pathologist and how far they've spread. Your tumor has also been molecularly characterized. There are new treatment options available. Please discuss with your oncologist. ...Read more

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Can cyberknife surgery be used for squamous cell carcinoma?

Can cyberknife surgery be used for squamous cell carcinoma?

Cyberknife is: Not surgery, not a knife..It is a linear accelerator placed on a robotic arm to deliver stereotactic radiotherapy in high but very accurate arcs or beams to ablate anatomic abnormalities. It does not care about cell type. You need to discuss if it is appropriate for your sq ca; what the alternatives are; adverse effects; cost; who pays. ...Read more

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What causes dcis breast cancer?

What causes dcis breast cancer?

In one word unknown : Ductal carcinoma in situ dcis is simply the sleeping cancer cells inside the breast ducts, like a garden hose loaded with cancer cells safe if they are inside the duct , once they are out side then is invasive cancer, ready to spread, cause is unknown at this time, from genetic mutations, braca i & ii age, hormonal uses.Environment , late age pregnancy life style etc are all attributed. ...Read more

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Can bladder cancer metastasize?

Can bladder cancer metastasize?

Yes: Untreated bladder cancer can metastasize to other organs and structures when left untreated. The more aggressive the bladder cancer, the higher the likelihood of metastasis. It is not unusual for bladder cancer to metastasize. ...Read more

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Colon resection for ca showed 2 lymph nodes involved. What are chances of ca spreading to cirrhortic liver?

Colon resection for ca showed 2 lymph nodes involved.  What are chances of ca spreading to cirrhortic  liver?

Can occur..: But hopefully your colon cancer was found before it could spread to the liver. Colon cancer can spread to the liver in any person, irregardless if you gave cirrhosis or not. See your oncologist to evaluate what the best treatments may be for your specific condition. Blood testing and x-ray tests such as ct, mri, or pet scans are indicated for some people. ...Read more

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How can angiogenesis and invasion influence tumor growth and metastasis in a patient with breast cancer?

How can angiogenesis and invasion influence tumor growth and metastasis in a patient with breast cancer?

The general concept: The general concept behind angiogenesis promoting cancer metastasis growth is that cancer cells / tumors use more nutrients and therefore need more blood flow than usual to grow to a large size, and that if we can inhibit this new vessel growth stimulated by tumors, we can limit the growth of the tumor. ...Read more

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A friend of mine was just diagnosed with rectal cancer, liver cancer and lung cancer. What is his life expectancy?

A friend of mine was just diagnosed with rectal cancer, liver cancer and lung cancer. What is his life expectancy?

Grave Situation: Of course we cannot even begin to guess at this tragic situation. I would defer to the physicians providing him care. But, as you have surmised it may not be long for him. ...Read more

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Dr. Sewa Legha
140 doctors shared insights

Malignant Melanoma (Definition)

Malignant melanoma is a cancer that begins usually in the pigmented cells (melanocytes) of the skin. It is generally considered the most dangerous form of skin cancer. Most cases are localized and caught fairly early but some people will develop widespread ...Read more


Prognosis (Definition)

The prognosis is the predicted outcome or "forecast" for a disease or process. It is only an estimate but is likely based on past experience or data taking into account the individual's overall health status. It may suggest progression of disease ...Read more