Doctor insights on:
Squirrel Monkey Retrovirus Virus
Mosquito bites: West nile virus must be produced in high numbers before being passed through mosquitoes. Birds are far and away the most frequent carriers. Robins look like they might be responsible for spread all over the country. Mosquitoes have to feed on the infected robin and then pass the virus on to human beings through a bite. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: Hiv mutates in response to HIV therapy. If you're being treated without a complete response (partial suppression), the virus can mutate so it can replicate in the presence of the drugs. This usually happens in people who don't take their medications properly. They can then transmit the mutant virus to others. Spontaneous mutation (mutation independent of therapy) has not been a big problem. ...Read more
Close contact: Very close contact is required. Hand or aerosol spread is most likely. ...Read more
West Nile Virus: Typically, west nile virus spreads to humans via infected mosquitoes. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds. You can not get infected by touching or kissing a person with the virus. In some cases, the virus may be spread by organ transplantation and blood transfusions. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
By Mosquitoe: West nile virus must be produced in high numbers before being passed through mosquitoes. Birds are far and away the most frequent carriers. Robins look like they might be responsible for spread all over the country. Mosquitoes have to feed on the infected robin and then pass the virus on to human beings through a bite. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Rabies transmission: Per the Centers for Disease Control: The most common mode of rabies virus transmission is through the bite and virus-containing saliva of an infected host. Though transmission has been rarely documented via other routes such as contamination of mucous membranes (i.e., eyes, nose, mouth), aerosol transmission, and corneal transplants. ...Read more
Sometimes...: Sometimes, fleas may carry bacteria that can infect humans. The most important and most familiar flea-borne disease in the world is plague. Plague exists in most arid regions of the world, including the western United States. The second flea-borne disease is murine typhus, which occurs worldwide, including in the southwestern U.S. And hawaii. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Ebola: Not yet. The virus does not survive in the mosquito's saliva. Mutations occur with some frequency but this has not yet transpired. The only means of transmission so far have been from some unknown animal reservoir (bats are suspected) or from human to human by bodily excretions (including sweat, saliva, stools, vomit, and so on.) ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Rev transcriptase: "retro-" means backwards and the virus carries RNA which is translated backwards to dna by their own reverse transcriptase; the dna is then integrated into the host's genome. The "endogenous retroviruses" can even be passed from generation by infection the sperms / eggs. ...Read more
They don't penetrate: DNA viruses don't have the capability of entering the cell membrane. As such when one sees DaNA on tumor membrane it is from mutated mitochondrial DNA. The RNA viruses penetrate the cell and elaborate reverese transcriptase to allow transfection of the nuclear DNA. This enzyme only occurs with the retroviruses. ...Read more
Why are human endogenous retroviruses (herv's) "activated" in some people, but not in others, when exposed to exogenous viruses? Genetic mutations?
HERV's evolutionary: Endogenous retroviruses have made us evolve. They make up 8% of our dna genome. These aren't of the same class as HIV (lentivirus) or htlv (deltaretrovirus). Few are active & only w/growth & infection. Co-infection w/hiv can turn on herv replication wh/allows our immune system ability recognize & kill HIV viruses w/herv presenting-hiv infected cells leading to new therapies for HIV (vaccines!). ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Doesn't matter: I don't know, but it really doesn't matter. There are lots of things that kill hiv, such as soap and water. Killing HIV isn't the answer. The answer is to stop HIV from replicating and to be able to eliminate latent infection, which olive leaf extract won't do. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No, but its still...: ...Deadly. Influenza is still a leading killer, inspite of the existence of a vaccine. It is not part of the family of viruses known as retroviruses, which tend to incorporate themselves into the genome of the host cell. Get your flu-shopt every year and wash your hands regularly during the flu-season. ...Read more
Please help Baby 2 mths old blood test positive for something "retrovirus" can't get hold of doctor for more info until Monday what could it be?
Don't ask yet: It was a mistake to give you this partial information, so it is likely that the information itself is mistaken. Don't pursue this until you are able to get an accurate answer from the physician; if it is serious, he/she will probably schedule a face-to-face meeting. ...Read more
What does it means when your paper file is showing hep c virus ab 0.1 s/ co ratio 0.0 - 0.9 and what can you about it?
Ebola Virus: Ebola is a filovirus (Filoviridae). The genomic fossils of filoviruse family that impact mammals have likely existed tens of millions of years. Viruses mutate over time. The first recognized Ebola outbreak was in 1976. Some individuals who became infected by Ebola in Africa traveled to the US - there by leading to US cases. ...Read more
Ebola: Regarding current Ebola outbreak you are probably now aware that a man who had direct contact with Ebola traveled from Nigeria to Dallas, Texas - developing Ebola sx's 5 days after arrival in the US. The CDC is monitoring each of the man's contacts for 21 days. Two missionaries were also evacuated from Africa to the US for treatment prior to that. The Reston virus (mutated Ebola Virus) found in ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Safe sex, HIV Rx: Congratulations on your responsible approach! 1) Inform all partners so they can choose to have sex with you or not, or to avoid some sexual practices. 2) Always use condoms for vaginal or anal sex. 3) Be in medical care, religiously take anti-HIV drugs, and keep your viral load low. Your doctor or clinic can fill in the details. If you do all these, you will never infect a sex partner. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
I am in my mid 60's. It seems that at times i m unable to control my bowels. I do not have a virus or am not ill.. I have regular colonosophy.?
I heard the bornavirus is a major cause of bipolar disorder. How common is this virus in the U.S.?
Not likely accurate: "Absence of evidence for bornavirus infection in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder." (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22290118) indicates "Our results argue strongly against a role for BDV in the pathogenesis of these psychiatric disorders." ...Read more
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