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Doctor insights on: Spinal Muscular Atrophy

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Dr. Nizar Kherallah
35 doctors shared insights

Spinal Muscular Atrophy (Overview)

SMA (spinal muscular atrophy) is a condition in which a person has degeneration of some of the nerves in his spinal cord, resulting in weakness and wasting (atrophy) of the muscles that the damaged nerves connect to. Different types of SMA affect different age groups, from newborns to adults.


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What is spinal muscular atrophy?

What is spinal muscular atrophy?

Muscles need nerves: Our muscles need the nerves that supply them or they get weak and "atropy." if the breathing muscles get so weak, then one can not breath and will have respiratory distress where the body can not move air or get rid of air. Hope this helps! take care! ...Read more

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Dr. Nizar Kherallah
35 doctors shared insights

Spinal Muscular Atrophy (Overview)

SMA (spinal muscular atrophy) is a condition in which a person has degeneration of some of the nerves in his spinal cord, resulting in weakness and wasting (atrophy) of the muscles that the damaged nerves connect to. Different types of SMA affect different age groups, from newborns to adults.


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Please tell me what are the usual symptoms of spinal muscular atrophy?

Please tell me what are the usual symptoms of spinal muscular atrophy?

Weakness: Term implies a type of genetic disorder, which has several variations, and usually presents in early childhood. It may present as a "floppy infant", but can also cause a progressive generalized symmetrical weakness and muscular atrophy, more proximal than distal. Difficulty swallowing and breathing may be seen late in the disorder. ...Read more

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Treating a Spinal Fracture (Checklist)

Rest
Once
Use NSAIDs to decrease inflammation
Daily
Use pain medications on an as-needed basis
Daily
Consider MRI to evaluate fracture
Once
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Is it possible for a newborn baby to be diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy?

Is it possible for a newborn baby to be diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy?

Yes: The most aggressive form of sma is evident in early infancy with deminished strength & muscle tone, the often never sit & succumb to the disease within the first two years.Lesser forms exist. Most result from a defect in the neuron survivor function encoded from chromosome 5 & are transmitted as a recessive trait. Recurrence is possible for any future pregnancy, carrier detection is available. ...Read more

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I have spinal muscular atrophy. Is there any cure or anything i can do to improve my condition?

I have spinal muscular atrophy. Is there any cure or anything i can do to improve my condition?

Perhaps: Spinal muscular atrophy is a hereditary condition which may plateau and not rapidly progress as one gets older. Physical therapists could design exercise program, and perhaps acupuncture could assist in the control of aching and fatigue. But all in all, no true cure, and symptomatic approache best way so far. ...Read more

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Managing Spinal Stenosis (Checklist)

Use NSAIDs for relief
Daily
Get an Xray/MRI if not better in 6 weeks
Once
See a spine specialist if not better in 6 weeks
Once
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I have spinal muscular atrophy 3, is there anything that causes sxs to progress after long periods of being stable and do all 3s loose ability to wal?

I have spinal muscular atrophy 3, is there anything that causes sxs to progress after long periods of being stable and do all 3s loose ability to wal?

Disease course: In SMA type III, the later the onset of symptoms, the better the long-term prognosis. Individuals may be prone to respiratory infections but with care may have a normal lifespan. Keep up with your team of specialists including neurologist (neuromuscular focus), pulmonologist, PT, nutritionist, & orthopedist. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/sma/sma.htm ...Read more

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What are alternative treatment methods for spinal muscular atrophy?

What are alternative treatment methods for spinal muscular atrophy?

Well not sure: What treatments you are getting. In general muscle exercises and physical therapy are useful. Do they know why your spinal muscles are atrophied? Ask yuor doctor who is handling this. There is no quick cure. ...Read more

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How can you prevent spinal muscular atrophy?

How can you prevent spinal muscular atrophy?

Counseling : Genetic counseling is advised for those who have a family history of spinal muscular atrophy who wish to have children. This group of diseases is inherited. Prevention is through counseling. ...Read more

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A neighbor child has SMA (spinal muscular atrophy). Is this a genetic disease?

A neighbor child has SMA (spinal muscular atrophy). Is this a genetic disease?

Yes: It's an autosomal recessive disease. That means that it takes a copy of the defective gene from each parent. Most of the time the parents of a child with sma are carriers, meaning they only have one copy of the defective gene. It is not contagious. ...Read more

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What is spinal muscular atrophy?

Muscles need nerves: Our muscles need the nerves that supply them or they get weak and "atropy." if the breathing muscles get so weak, then one can not breath and will have respiratory distress where the body can not move air or get rid of air. Hope this helps! take care! ...Read more

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Spinal muscular atrophy-what is it?

Spinal muscular atrophy-what is it?

Heriditary Disease: A group of hereditary-genetic disease that result in muscular atrophy and weakness. They are progressive in nature. There are 4 types. Type i werdnig-hoffmann disease. Also type ii, iii , & the adult onset type iv. Treatment is supportive & physical therapy--to prevent contractures. ...Read more

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What is spinal muscular atrophy type 1?

What is spinal muscular atrophy type 1?

SMA type 1: Rare genetic form where prognosis is poor & life expectancy less than 2 years of age. ...Read more

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Could you explain what is spinal muscular atrophy?

Could you explain what is spinal muscular atrophy?

Tough pathology...: Check out: http://www.Fightsma.Org/sma-guidebook/what-is-sma/ it is a genetic disease that causes degeneration and death of the motor neurons in the brain stem and spinal cord produces weakness in the muscles of swallowing, breathing, and limbs. There are different types with different severities. I hope this helps and check out that site, its a great site for general information about the disease. ...Read more

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Waht can you tell me about spinal muscular atrophy?

Waht can you tell me about spinal muscular atrophy?

Spinal cord & muscle: Spinal muscular atrophy (sma) refers to a group of disorders that affect the nerve cells (anterior horn cells) that connect from the spinal cord to the muscles. There are several types depending on whether the disease starts in infancy, childhood, or young adulthood. Some genetic causes are known. There is no cure and treatment is supportive. For more info: www.Smafoundation.Org & www.Fsma.Org. ...Read more

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Can you tell me the basics about spinal muscular atrophy?

See below: SMA is group of hereditary diseases that cause weakness and wasting of the voluntary muscles in the arms and legs of infants and children. ...Read more

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Can someone tell me if spinal muscular atrophy is hereditary?

Can someone tell me if spinal muscular atrophy is hereditary?

Unfortunately yes: There are hereditary forms of spinal muscle atrophy that are grouped together based on age of onset and distribution of weakness within the limbs. Please see a neuromuscular specialist to secure the right diagnosis. Good luck and well wishes. ...Read more

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Please tell me what are the usual symptoms of spinal muscular atrophy?

Weakness: Term implies a type of genetic disorder, which has several variations, and usually presents in early childhood. It may present as a "floppy infant", but can also cause a progressive generalized symmetrical weakness and muscular atrophy, more proximal than distal. Difficulty swallowing and breathing may be seen late in the disorder. ...Read more

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I have spinal muscular atrophy. Is there any cure or anything i can do to improve my condition?

Perhaps: Spinal muscular atrophy is a hereditary condition which may plateau and not rapidly progress as one gets older. Physical therapists could design exercise program, and perhaps acupuncture could assist in the control of aching and fatigue. But all in all, no true cure, and symptomatic approache best way so far. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
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How can you prevent spinal muscular atrophy?

Counseling : Genetic counseling is advised for those who have a family history of spinal muscular atrophy who wish to have children. This group of diseases is inherited. Prevention is through counseling. ...Read more

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Differentiate between duchenne and spinal muscular atrophy?

Differentiate between duchenne and spinal muscular atrophy?

Muscle vs motor neur: Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a disease of the muscles wherein the muscles degenerate and are replaced by fibrous and fatty tissue. Spinal muscular atrophy may look similar, but it is not a dystrophy. It is a disease of motor neurons. It is an inherited recessive disease. ...Read more

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How long can someone live with type 1 SMA (spinal muscular atrophy)?

How long can someone live with type 1 SMA (spinal muscular atrophy)?

Years: Although we used to see these children pass away within the first 1-2 years of life, now with good handwashing, treatment of infection, and machine ventilation, lifespan has increased. ...Read more

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What is the life expectancy for people who have spinal muscular atrophy?

Depends: Some can live a normal life expectancy. A lot has to do with the care givers. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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How much time can a child live with type one SMA (spinal muscular atrophy)?

Not too long: Most children with type one SMA unfortunately develop severe muscle weakness that reflects on their ability to breath effectively and would pass away within few months of life unless they get on long term mechanical ventilation. Such a treatment is generally not recommended as it would prolong suffering with no improvement in the muscle function. ...Read more

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How long can a child live successfully with type one SMA (spinal muscular atrophy)?

How long can a child live successfully with type one SMA (spinal muscular atrophy)?

Depends on type: Prognosis is poor for infants with sma type i. Most die w/in the 1st 2 years. Sma type ii: prognosis for life expectancy or independent standing/walking roughly correlates with how old they are when they first begin to experience sx's - older children tend to have less severe symptoms life expectancy is reduced with survivers in young adulthood. Type iii prone to resp. Infections-nml life span. ...Read more

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What does it mean if I'm a carrier of beta chain-related hemoglobinopathy and spinal muscular atrophy?

What does it mean if I'm a carrier of beta chain-related hemoglobinopathy and spinal muscular atrophy?

Carrier status: SMA is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disease To be a carrier means you have one 5q deletion on chromosome 5. Beta chain hemoglobinopathy means you have an altered beta chain of hemoglobin as seen in diseases such as sickle cell. Carrier status means you do not have disease but have ability to pass it on to offspring who will have disease if other parent is carrier and passes it on as well. ...Read more

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What is SMA (spinal muscular atrophy)? Is it treatable?

SMA: Genetic disorder affecting control of muscle movement, caused by loss of motor neurons in brain stem & spinal cord, leading to weakness & wasting of muscles used for activities such as crawling or walking. Treatment is palliative. ...Read more

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Is Emg/ncs sufficient to diagnose spinal Muscular atrophy ?

Is Emg/ncs sufficient to diagnose spinal Muscular atrophy ?

No single test......: ......should EVER be considered SUFFICIENT to diagnosse any type of medical process or pathology. Medicine is the thoughtful blend between clinical knowledge and gestalt, diagnostic fact, & sometimes a little luck so that a story is put together in a reasonable and coherent way. No single test should ever be used to state dogmatically that "This IS or This ISN'T!" Good doctors avoid that pitfall. ...Read more

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Is it possible for a newborn baby to be diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy?

Yes: The most aggressive form of sma is evident in early infancy with deminished strength & muscle tone, the often never sit & succumb to the disease within the first two years.Lesser forms exist. Most result from a defect in the neuron survivor function encoded from chromosome 5 & are transmitted as a recessive trait. Recurrence is possible for any future pregnancy, carrier detection is available. ...Read more

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Atrophy (Definition)

Atrophy usually refers to the skin-as you get older or if you have had alot of sun in the past-the dermis (that is the layer below the top layer which is called the epidermis) gets thinner and the skin looks more wrinked. Muscles and fat can also get thinner -this is another form of atrophy. Even the top layer gets thinner ...Read more


Dr. Will Moorehead
180 doctors shared insights

Muscle Atrophy (Definition)

muscle that loses bulk ...Read more