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Doctor insights on: Spina Bifida S1

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What defines a spina bifida as spina bifida occulta?

What defines a spina bifida as spina bifida occulta?

Skin covering: Spina bifida occulta, like open spina bifida, is a congenital malformation involving a problem with closing of the neural tube during development. However, there is not exposed neural tissue in spina bifida occulta. There can be tracts connecting the skin to the spinal cord, or lipomas or bands (tight filum) which can cause neurologic deficit. There can also be bony issues. ...Read more

Dr. Edward Smith
224 doctors shared insights

Spina Bifida (Definition)

A birth defect involving incomplete development of the spinal cord or its coverings. The exact cause of the condition is unknown, but a risk factor appears to be low levels of folic acid in a woman's body before ...Read more


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What causes meningocele / spina bifida?

What causes meningocele / spina bifida?

Genetics usually: Altho there is high correlation with genetics causing meningocele / spina bifida, drugs (especially chemotherapeutics) and low blood folate (folic acid) during gestation or abdominal / pelvic irradiation during pregnancy are known causes. ...Read more

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Is spina bifida hereditary?

Is spina bifida hereditary?

Studies show that : the incidence of neural tube defects (NTD's) like open Spina Bifida would decrease by 70% if all women took 0.4mg of Folic Acid daily from menarche to menopause. However, this dose does not prevent NTD's in offspring of women with variations in several genes involved in folate (folic acid) & homocysteine metabolism. There are also inheritable genetic causes of NTD's that are not related to folate (folic acid) metabolism. ...Read more

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Who discovered spina bifida?

Although depictions : of people with Spina Bifida go back 12,000 years, Amsterdam's Dr. Nicholas Tulp named the disorder between 1618-1652. Dr. Giovanni Battista Morgagni an Italian, linked lower-limb deformity & hydrocephalus to Spina Bifida in 1761. Studies show that the incidence of NTD's could decrease by as much as 70% if all women were to take a daily Folic Acid supplement from menarche to menopause. ...Read more

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Nursing care plan for spina bifida occulta?

None needed: Spina bifida occulta is usually found as an incidental finding when evaluating the cause of back pain. unless there is an indication of bladder or bowel dysfunction related to a tethered spinal cord there is no need for a nursing care plan. ...Read more

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Nursing daignosis of spina bifida in neonate as pryority?

Nursing daignosis of spina bifida in neonate as pryority?

Do your homework: The site is not designed to be a shortcut to answer your homework. You need to read through your nursing texts, assimilate the information and come up with a list reflecting the jargon of your texts.Anything off the site will not fit your instructors requirements & they will know you took a shortcut. ...Read more

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Later side afects of low spina bifida occulta? Incontinence?

Later side afects of low spina bifida occulta? Incontinence?

Possible: Spina bifida and occulta an be associated with urinary dysfunction. Incontinence and/or urinary retention can occur. Recommend further evaluation with urologist, urogynecologist or neuro-urologist. Additional testing can clarify causes such as urodynamic testing. ...Read more

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Chances of a woman with spina bifida having a baby with spina bifida?

Depends on genetics: The epidemiology of this is different depending on your race and culture and where you live. So it is mostly genetic and also dependent on if you have Folic Acid deficiency in your diet. ...Read more

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Difference between fetal spina bifida and anencephaly?

Difference between fetal spina bifida and anencephaly?

Very different: Anencephaly is the abscence of a closed cranial cavity (head) and implies incomplete brain development/function. Essentially, anencephaly is being born without functioning brain. Spinal bifida is an incomplete closure of the neural tube. There is no implication of brain development or brain function. While there may be paralysis in spina bifida, the brain can function normally in many cases. ...Read more

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Can there be meningocele in fetus without spina bifida?

Depends: This depends on how you define it. Meningoceles as they are commonly labeled originate anywhere from the neck down to the base of the spine and involve spina bifida. When a meningocele (bag of meninges) arises from the areas above the spine, it is more often labeled an encephalocoel because it usually has brain and meninges in it. ...Read more

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Later side afects of occult spina bifida?

Later side afects of occult spina bifida?

No: Spina bifida occulta results from failure of the two lamina of one vertebra to make a solid bony fusion. The defect is generally bisecting the spinous process vertically. No instability is present. No neurologic dysfunction is present because neural elements are not affected. But associated neurological problems which may be symptomatic are more common in association with spina bifida occulta. ...Read more

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What causes spina bifida? Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury, or a chromosomal disorder?

What causes spina bifida? Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury, or a chromosomal disorder?

Spina : Spina bifida is not an injury. It is a birth defect caused by failure of the nervous system to fully develop. When the embryo is forming, the nervous system starts out as a "neural tube" that is supposed to grow in a very specific way. If it does not, you are left with "neural tube defects" like spina bifida. There is nothing we know of that causes it for sure, but certain things make it more likely. It is more common with children that have trisomy 13, 18, or 21, but that is just an association, not a cause. They are very common, and the only thing we know of that might help prevent them is for the mother to take folate (folic acid). The hard part about that is the mother has to take folate (folic acid) very early in the pregnancy, often before she even knows she is pregnant. That is why the all women of child-bearing age are advised to take at least 0.4 mg of Folic Acid every day. ...Read more

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Can a spinal tap cause spina bifida?

Can a spinal tap cause spina bifida?

Unlikely: When was the spinal tap done? In utero? Later in life? It is unlikely. Spina bifida is usually the result of a cellular migration disorder and not from a spinal tap. ...Read more

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Is posterior cleft deformity of the sacrum also called spina bifida occulta?

Spina bifida: Spina bifida refers to a deformity or defect within the lumbosacral spine and yes a posterior cleft deformity would be a form of spina bifida. ...Read more

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What's the difference between spinal bifida and spinal bifida occulta?

What's the difference between spinal bifida and spinal bifida occulta?

Type of spina bifida: The mildest form of spina bifida is spina bifida occulta and is a small separation or gap in one or more of the vertebral bones of the spine. Most people with spina bifida occulta have no signs or symptoms because their spinal nerves are undamaged. Signs sometimes occur in the skin on top of the spinal defect, such as a clump of hair, a dimple, a birthmark, or a lump of fat. ...Read more

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Why do spina bifida patients have a myelomeningocele repair later?

Why do spina bifida patients have a myelomeningocele repair later?

Myelomeningocele: Usually the repair of a myelomeningocele is delayed several days after birth to ensure that the child is stable for surgery and to also get a better assessment of potential neurologic deficits. As an adult, some patients develop spinal cord symptoms from tethering of the spinal cord prompting a procedure to release the tension on the spinal cord. ...Read more

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Old mom. Is closed spina bifida deformity a risk to offspring?

Old mom. Is closed spina bifida deformity a risk to offspring?

Is it simple?: Spina bifida includes a spectrum of anatomical problems ranging from the most severe (but fortunately rarest) called myelomeningocele wherein the coverings of the spinal nerve sac (dura & arachnoid) are absent allowing nerve roots to herniate sometimes through bony & skin defects to the outside world. Spina bifida occulta is most common & most benign-failure of 2 bones (lamina) to completely unite. ...Read more

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Whats wrong with me if spina bifida occulta?

Abnormal bone: Spina bifida occulta is when the back part of the individual vertebrae is not fused together. It is the mildest form of spina bifida, and many may have it and never know it. It is only of significance if having spine surgery then the surgeon needs to know its there. ...Read more

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Is meningocele and spina bifida the same thing?

Is meningocele and spina bifida the same thing?

Related terms: Spina bifida is a fancy way to say that a spine segment or segments did not close along their backside. Meningocoel is a term for the spinal cord & elements that would balloon out the back if the spine did not close and contain them. People often use the term to describe a similar process. The most common location is at the base of the spine, but both could happen in the neck also. ...Read more

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Is there any known link between scoliosis and spina bifida occulta?

Is there any known link between scoliosis and spina bifida occulta?

No: Spina bifida occulta is a mild defect of the spine where some of the bones don't completely fuse together to close the spinal canal. Usually occurring at the very bottom of the spine. This diagnosis is usually incidental. And it just may be a coincidence if a patient has both scoliosis and spina bifida occulta. ...Read more

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