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Doctor insights on: Soft Markers For Down Syndrome

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What does it mean if there are soft markers for Down syndrome on ultrasound?

What does it mean if there are soft markers for Down syndrome on ultrasound?

Fetal ultrasounds in: the 1st & 2nd trimesters can show anatomical signs frequently seen in fetuses with Down Syndrome or other genetic accidents that result in 3 copies of a specific chromosome.Knowing your risk of DS, calculated by FUS findings, gestational & maternal age, 1st & 2nd trimester maternal blood screens, & a higher-resolution FUS, helps you decide if you want chromosomal testing for a definitive answer. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
641 doctors shared insights

Down Syndrome (Definition)

Down syndrome is the classic presentation clinically of the congenital malformation syndrome also known as Trisomy 21. Classic features may include simian creases, epicanthal folds, upslanting palpebral fissures, flat nasal bridge, hypertelorism, low set ears, endocardial cushion defects of the heart, atlanto-axial joint instability, blood ...Read more


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My doctor didn't find any Down syndrome markers in the ultrasound. Does that guarantee my baby won't have down syndrome?

My doctor didn't find any Down syndrome markers in the ultrasound. Does that guarantee my baby won't have down syndrome?

No. OB's combine the: results of an integrated screening test that includes specific blood tests in both the first & 2nd trimesters + the first trimester ultrasound to determine a single Down Syndrome risk rating. Only prenatal diagnostic tests of fetal genetic material for either Karyotype to determine # of chromosomes or Chromosomal Microarray to determine mutations in smaller gene sequences are definitive. ...Read more

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What can I do if my doctor didn't find any Down syndrome markers in the ultrasound.Am i out of the woods?

What can I do if my doctor didn't find any Down syndrome markers in the ultrasound.Am i out of the woods?

Not necessarily: The definitive test for down or other chromosomal defects is a chromosome study on fetal cells obtained through cvs or amniocentesis. These are specific and dependable.Ultrasounds and blood tests are screening tools.They are helpful in picking out some who might need the definitive tests. At 39 you have about 1% risk for ds but another 4% risk of some other issue (premi, clefts etc.). ...Read more

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What do you suggest if my doctor didn't find any Down syndrome markers in the ultrasound.am I out of the woods?

What do you suggest if my doctor didn't find any Down syndrome markers in the ultrasound.am I out of the woods?

Maybe: When looking for DS there are a variety of tests used for screening. An ultrasound looks for features that are commonly found in DS, but are not 100% accurate. Tests that look at the babies chromosome pattern by obtaining fetal cells are the most accurate. When someone is in the low risk category, a negative US is probably adequate. If in a higher risk, a more specific test is advised. ...Read more

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What is down syndrome?

What is down syndrome?

Chromosome defect: Ds is one of the more common chromosome(c) defects that can survive pregnancy (many others miscarry).Eggs are supposed to have a single 21c & combine with the 21 from dads normal sperm.Here a pair of moms 21c +dad's 21 creates a baby with the extra 21c in all tissues.This extra material confuses the creation of body parts causing ds..Various prenatal tests can pick up signs early on. ...Read more

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What causes down syndrome?

DNA defects: Chromosome 21 seems to be the cause. Two most common types are trisomy 21 where ther is an entire extra chromosome in each cell. The other is translocation where only an extra piece of the chromosome is found. It can be an isolated defect or an inherited defect. Rare exotic forms include polyploidy and haploid forms and chimeras. Sorry you asked? ...Read more

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Is Down syndrome inherited?

Is Down syndrome inherited?

Not usually: The only way to inherit down syndrome is if one parent has down syndrome and passes 2 copies of chromosome 21. Few people with ds reproduce, so that is not usually a factor. ...Read more

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How is down syndrome treated?

Medical/education: Children with Downs Syndrome have special medical and educational needs that should be determined in each individual. Doctors and Psychologists or educational specialists can determine what the needs are and how best to meet them. ...Read more

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Marker (Definition)

A "marker" is a protein or enzyme that can represent a disease process. Some markers are specific for a particular disease, while ...Read more