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Doctor insights on: Smooth Thyroid Is Inflamed

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What caued thyroid nodules? Thyroid is normal size and functions normally...

What caued thyroid nodules?  Thyroid is normal size and functions normally...

Very common problem: Thyroid nodules are very common. We do not know why they appear. They normally do not cause functional changes in the thyroid. Once they are found, thyroid labs are done and ultrasound is used to evaluate. Those over 1 cm often get biopsied with fine needle aspiration biopsy. Luckily, about 95% of nodules are benign. ...Read more

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more


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A solid benign thyroid nodule that is not a goiter and normal TSH levels. What is it?

A solid benign thyroid nodule that is not a goiter and normal TSH levels. What is it?

Nodule: I presume its been biopsied. If its benign it likely represents inflammation from autoimmune thyroid disease. Continue to monitor it carefully - if it is single and getting larger it may require a second biopsy or removal. ...Read more

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Having a thyroid biopsy on complex nodule with very little internal flow, complex cyst nodule, and right isthmus appears thickened ireg borders, ?

Thyroid bx: I am not sure what your question is, but the most important factor is seeing a doctor who can evaluate all these findings. That is usually an Endocrinologist, whether or not (s)he does the biopsy. Thyroid nodules are common. Most are not cancer. If surgery becomes an option, find a surgeon who does thyroid surgery a a lot, not someone who does this only occasionally. ...Read more

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How painful is thyroid biopsy?

How painful is thyroid biopsy?

Depends: Usually throud biopsies are not painful. The doctor will numb the skin over the site of biopsy and use very skinny needles to perform the biopsy. Occasionally, when there is an inflammatory condition in the thyroid the biopsies can be uncomfortable. ...Read more

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What does 'Heterogeneous thyroid glands bilaterally with diffusely increase vascularity' mean? And also what is a 'hypertrophied parathyroid gland'?

What does 'Heterogeneous thyroid glands bilaterally with diffusely increase vascularity' mean? And also what is a 'hypertrophied parathyroid gland'?

Endocrinologist: It means that there is abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland,which has three zones,symmetrically. An enlargement of a parathyroid gland is called hyperplasia. These findings are abnormal and are considered a multiglandular problem which requires the evaluation and treatment advice from an endocrinologist. ...Read more

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What is enlarged heterogeneous thyroid gland and how to prevent or cure it?

What is enlarged heterogeneous thyroid gland and how to prevent or cure it?

Thyroid: An enlarged thyroid gland is exactly what it says. If your thyroid gland is not enlarged or painful do not be too concerned. If it is enlarged or painful your doctor will take your history, examine you, and order appropriate labs. An enlarged thyroid does occur occasionally in young me, but not too often. ...Read more

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If a solid heterogeneous nodule on the thyroid is benign and not causing TSH levels to change but is growing rapidly, what is it?

Re-evaluation: If a nodule is "growing rapidly", it will need to be re-evaluated. Most likely it will need to be re-biopsy. Most of the time, a cancer can just be a speck in the nodule instead of the whole nodule so a biopsy might have missed it the first time. ...Read more

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The thyroid is diffusely enlarged without focal abnormality.The thoracic inlet, axilla, soft and subcutaneous tissuses are otherwise normal mean.?

Impossible to say: The person whose report you are submitting has a generalized enlargement of the thyroid without nodules or hot/cold spots. This was apparently a ct or MRI because other anatomy is reported to be normal. Without knowing the full history and the results of a variety of thyroid tests, one cannot say what it is. The definitive diagnosis is often made by biopsy. The ordering doc should answer question. ...Read more

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Have graves disease, goitre pulsating and it is painful like it is burning , is this normal? On block and replace drug therapy.

Not characteristic: Hi. Graves' glands usually aren't painful. There is a condition called a painful thyroiditis, which is different from Graves', and is self limited. Has the Graves' diagnosis been confirmed with radioactive iodine scan and uptakes measurement or with Graves'-specific autoantibodies? As for pulsating goiter, there are times you can feel the pulse in a Graves' gland. Talk with your endocrinologist. ...Read more

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Does a single solid thyroid nodule grow rapidly if it is benign? The nodule is not a goiter. Tsh levels are normal.

Does a single solid thyroid nodule grow rapidly if it is benign? The nodule is not a goiter. Tsh levels are normal.

Nodule: A single rapidly growing thyroid nodule is concerning regardless of thyroid function. If it has doubled in size in a short time or measures over 1 cm it necessitates a biosy to rule out malignancy. ...Read more

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What is a innocuous and isoechoic thyroid nodule. Also what is a heterogenous nodule with tiny cystic spaces, it measures 0.7cm?

What is a innocuous and isoechoic thyroid nodule.

Also what is a heterogenous nodule with tiny cystic spaces, it measures 0.7cm?

Hard to say: It's hard to say without seeing the actual images. An isoechoic nodule is typically nonspecific and potentially falls in the indeterminate range (ie need follow up or biopsy). Same thing for a heterogenous "nodule" with tiny cystic spaces. A "complex cyst" with tiny cystic spaces can be a sponge like cyst that is typically benign. ...Read more

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If the thyroid gland is swollen on one side, is it that side that's hyper functioning ?

Not necessarily: You can't tell if something is hyperfunctioning from thephysical appearance of the gland. A thyroid scan is the best method to suggest whether or not a lobe is hyperfunctioning. ...Read more

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What is smooth muscle antibody?

What is smooth muscle antibody?

Autoimmune hepatitis: This is an antibody marker often present in patients with the diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis. ...Read more

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Does mild intrinsic vascularity mean anything on a solid micro follicular thyroid lesion which is circumscribed and heterogeneous?

Does mild intrinsic vascularity mean anything on a solid micro follicular thyroid lesion which is circumscribed and heterogeneous?

Possibly: I want to clarify your description. You wrote a micro follicular lesion.This is an older pathology dx. Was this biopsied or is this a micronodule (<1 cm). Well circumscribed is good.Heterogeneous nod need to know the character of the solid part.After the other info, increased blood flow is a risk factor cancer (but now considered a minor factor). Thyroid func is key here. W/more info FNA or not ...Read more

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Can skin tag removed ( burnt) from the eye lid be cause of the palpable supraclavicular lymph node ? Is it soft movable not painful.

Can skin tag removed ( burnt) from the eye lid be cause of the palpable supraclavicular lymph node ? Is it soft movable not painful.

Likely unrelated: Burning the skin tag on the eye lid and enlarged supraclavicular lymph node are not likely to be related. It would be prudent to see a doctor as evaluation of a supraclavicular node is not an easy undertaking and is not a do it yourself issue. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk prodFor good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex, if you have sex. ...Read more

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What is meant by nodular thickening of the left adrenal gland related to hyperplasia without well defined nodule?

Size and location: The adrenal glands can increase in size due to hyperplasia (usually bilateral) or a tumor (adenoma or carcinoma). However, hyperplasia may give rise to a thickening of the gland by imaging. There is also nodular hyperplasia, which is often related to specific hormone production (cortisol, aldosterone, etc). Not sure if you are symptomatic. ...Read more