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Doctor insights on: Smoking And Bone Density

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Why is bone density important?

Why is bone density important?

For multiple reasons: Achieving the potential peak bone mass during adolescence, and maintaining it during the adulthood is very important for preventing future fractures. There are many diseases, medications, lifestyle habits, and food components can adversely affect the bone density and the bone quality leading to fragility (osteoporotic) fractures. If one takes proactive actions, most of these are preventable. ...Read more

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Bone (Definition)

Bone is a living growing tissue made mostly of collagen (protein that provides soft framework) & the mineral calcium phosphate that adds strength & hardens the framework. Two types of bone are found in the body; cortical (dense compact outer layer) & trabecular (makes up inner layer, ...Read more


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What would keep a person's bone density levels from dropping?

What would keep a person's bone density levels from dropping?

Exercise and diet: Regular exercise, and appropriate vitamin d an calcium intake is necessary to maintain bone density. ...Read more

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Is walking good for bone density?

Is walking good for bone density?

Yes: Any weight bearing exercise has been shown to preserve bone density. Walking is good, but activities like water aerobics & swimming are non-weight bearing and will not help bone health. One of the problems astronauts face is bone density reduction because of prolonged weightlessness. Look for activities that get you up on your feet-golf, dancing, tennis are a few to keep your bones healthy. ...Read more

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Do analgesics affect bone density?

Do analgesics affect bone density?

Not really: Generally, there are three groups of analgesics: tylenol-like compounds, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, and narcotic analgesic agents. The use of normally-recommended doses does not seem to affect the bone density or increase fracture risks. However, excessive use will affects both via multiple mechanisms. ...Read more

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Who should have a bone density test?

Who should have a bone density test?

Screening: All women near menopause and then every 2 years. Men should start bone density testing at age 70. Patients on corticosteroids should undergo bone density testing irrespective of age. Several other risk factors should be taken into account as well. ...Read more

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How do you read a bone density x-ray?

How do you read a bone density x-ray?

Compare to others: Bone mineral density results are interpreted by comparing your density either to that of persons the same age, sex, and race as you (a z-score) or to persons of the same sex and race at peak bone density (young adult t-score). Adult definitions of osteopenia and osteoporosis are based on t-score results, with osteoporosis at a t-score of -2.5. For children z-scores are the only appropriate value. ...Read more

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When could I get a bone density test?

Depends who you ask: Recommendations say age 60 now but ages 50-60 are when the most bone is lost so it would be good to know where you stand about age 50. If you have been on oral steroids for a long time or if your vit d level is low then you might need a scan even earlier. I do not agree that age 60 is the ideal age for a density scan but many doctors start at that age. I think the cat is out of the bag by then. ...Read more

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Does a bone density test usually hurt?

No: The best bone density test, called dxa, does not use any needles. A person lies on a table and a very small dose of radiation passes through the lower spine and hip to measure bone density. It is painless. ...Read more

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Will chemotherapy affect bone density?

Will chemotherapy affect bone density?

Maybe: Anti-estrogen therapy for breast cancer, and androgen-deprivation therapy for prostate cancer can lead to decreases in bone density. Steroids, often used to treat cancers, or to control some side-effects of cancer, can also lead to decreased bone density. ...Read more

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Can you build bone density by swimming?

Can you build bone density by swimming?

Some not much : One of the biggest determinants of bone mineral density is lean body mass. Exercise is important for building lean body mass. Exercise is also important for putting load on your bones. This load is important for bone mass as bone strengthens as stresses are put upon it. Weight-bearing physical activity such as walking or running is better for building/ maintaining bone than non-weight-bearing activities such as swimming. ...Read more

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Dr. Robert Lang
1,155 doctors shared insights

Bone Density (Definition)

Bone density (or bone mineral density) is a medical term normally referring to the amount of mineral matter per square centimeter of bones. Bone density (or bmd) is used in clinical medicine as an indirect indicator of ...Read more