Doctor insights on:
Smallest Endocrine Gland In Human Body
Thyroid Gland: The thyroid gland is the largest purely endocrine gland. The Pancreas is larger, but is technically a heterocrine gland (exocrine and endocrine function). ...Read more
Very simple -- set up an appointment with an Endocrinologist.
Have your primary doctor refer you. ...Read more
O...kay...: Hi. Do you want to give us some information and ask a question? If so, maybe we can help. But you ask us to help and give us NO information. We're not mind readers, we're physicians and scientists. Throw us a bone! ...Read more
Endocrinology: Hi. Hormones are signaling molecules made in one place (their gland) and circulate via the bloodstream to regulate function at other tissues ("target tissues"). Main hormone categories are peptide/protein (e.g., insulin), steroid (e.g., cortisol), biogenic amine (e.g., epinephrine), others. Typically there is feedback regulation of hormone secretion to keep some process in a normal range. ...Read more
Can you tell me about pancreas, it is both an exocrine and an endocrine gland. However, if you were two classify it one of the categories, in which would you place it?
Pancreas: Can you tell me about pancreas, it is both an exocrine and an endocrine gland. However, if you were two classify it one of the categories, in which would you place it? ANS: it excretes enzymes into the gut and insulin into the blood. So both. If it is sick it could be one or the other only. If not sick then it is both. ...Read more
None: While called an endocrine disorder, to my knowledge, there is no specific organ/gland damage. Any pathologist can to weigh in? ...Read more
Endocrinology: Hi. Hormones are signaling molecules made in one place (their gland) and circulate via the bloodstream to regulate function at other tissues ("target tissues"). Main hormone categories are peptide/protein (e.g., insulin), steroid (e.g., cortisol), biogenic amine (e.g., epinephrine), others. Typically ther is feedback regulation of hormone secretion to keep some process in a normal range. Good luck ...Read more
There are many endocrine causes affecting hair growth - so many that it is hard to know where to start.
If it is OK with you, I would go online and simply look for "endocrine glands and hair loss".
Not every article will be the same but they will be close, particularly if you look for comments from University Medical Faculty. ...Read more
Hormones: Brain (hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal)thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, gonads (testes and ovaries), pancreas (both endocrine and exocrine). ...Read more
Which glands of the endocrine system would be most seriously and immediately affected by the blast?
Blast: What blast? Are you a soldier?Get a more detailed answer ›
Perspecitve: Lots of difficult endocrine disorders which will affect life. Some include: pituitary failure, men (esp 2), some disorders of sexual differentiation where we don't know the sex of the baby at birth (and others), autoimmune polyglandular syndromes, stim g-protein disorders (mccune albright). It's hard to say which is the worst because all of them are so life-changing for the patients & families. ...Read more
Pancreas: Endocrine hormones are secreted into the bloodstream to cause effects in other parts of the body. The pancreas secretes Insulin and glucagon to cause these effects. Exocrine hormones are secreted into body cavities with tubes connecting the producing gland into a body cavity. The pancreas secretes a variety of substances into the intestinal tract. ...Read more
Radiotherapy destroys the endocrine glands in her neck. What symptoms or issues might result from the radiotherapy?
Need thyroxin: There are only two glandular sites in the neck that have endocrine function. The thyroid with production of thyroid hormone and the parathyroid glands that produce parathormone controlling Ca++ metabolism. If either are compromised by RT the loweing of hormone in the blood can be measured and replaced with exogenous hormone. ...Read more
Since neurosteroids are made by glial cells and not endocrine glands, are they considered hormones? Is there a name for non-gland-produced hormones?
Hormones: The terminology has not really caught up to the research. "Hormone" usually refers to a substance that is made in one cell/organ but then influences another organ, like thyroxine or cortisol. Neurosteroids act locally in the synapse on neurotransmission, so not a hormone by usual definition. But there are a lot of substances that act locally (eg. Prostaglandins, cytokines). What do we call them? ...Read more
Great question!: Endocrine glands (thyroid, adrenal, and pituitary glands, among many others) produce hormones. A hormone is a molecule which is released into the blood to travel to other cells. When the hormone meets a receptor molecule in these other cells, the hormone can change the activity of that cell. For example, Insulin is a hormone which promotes the uptake of glucose in other cells in the body. ...Read more
Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more
Can an abdominal cancer metastasize to cause a 3.8mm enhancing nodule on cauda equina nerve roots at L4 level & what is "Neopl. Of endocrine glands?
What will happen to the body's nervous systems & endocrine systems if homeostasis is not maintained?
Dysregulation: If homeostasis is completely lost, the body's nervous system and endocrine system would both become dysregulated. You could see all kinds of metabolic and acid-base problems, with altered mental status (delirium, hallucinations, etc) plus blood pressure changes and more. Thankfully, the body knows exactly how to respond to various conditions, so that homeostasis is dynamic, not static. ...Read more
Endocrine: Each hormone is a chemical that control function of many different organs. Brain hormones send orders to organs to work. Brain secretes TSH to order thyroid to work to control whole body. Sexual hormones control brain and whole body, as does Insulin controls use of sugar in whole body (brain included). Then hormones are inter-dependent. Delicate balance! ...Read more
We don't know: Endocrine disruptors have become a hot topic within the past several years. There are many endocrine disruptors (and some we don't know about yet most likely), some ingested, some which can be absorbed through the skin. There's a matter of chronic vs short term exposure. It will probably be many years before we know which endocrine disruptors hang around for long periods of time/forever. ...Read more
23 yr-old, since puberty had facial "bloating" and other symptoms suggestive of thyroid or cortisol issues, but hasn't found effective treatment....?
Subclinical Hypothyroididsm: In a difficult case like yours I take into consideration ratio of T4 to TSH. If the ratio is less than 2.5 I have found out that patients have hypothyroidism. I would take small dose of synthyroid like 0.25mg for a month and recheck T4and TSH then decide whether to continue or add some more. This will depend on how you tolerate it and what's your T4 and TSH. Obviously you have compound problem in situation like this hypothyroidism needs to be corrected first. Let me know how you do. ...Read more
Endocrine physiology: I am not sure what you are reading and trying to interpret. But presumably "Endocrine cells" refers to the cells of the endocrine organ itself, whereas "target cells" are the cells of the organ that the hormone goes to. Ex. thyroid hormone is made by thyroid endocrine cells, and circulate in blood and interact with target cells in the heart to increase heart rate. ...Read more
Depends on Organ: They cover so many organs because pituitary, parathyroid, thyroid, pancreas and adrenal glands can all be affected. The symptoms are usually non-specific, such as fatigue, weight loss, tremor, visual changes, heart irregularities, diarrhea, high blood presssure, etc. There are too many to list here -- but usually additional testing is required to document this uncommon disease group. ...Read more
Sorry I just asked a question, but I recently read that anti depress are considered 'endocrine disrupters' thoughts?
Not sure: I've never heard that expression used before. Antidepressants are mood elevators, and we believe they act on nerve cells in the brain by acting as neurotransmitters. They modulate the brain chemistry in an attempt to relieve the depression. As the main endocrine organ of the body, the pituitary gland, is located in the brain, there are many interactions, including endocrine ones. ...Read more
HRT is "Hormone Replacement Therapy" and your doctor is not going to prescribe that if your hormones are all in good order.
Ask your doctor to explain this to you or give you some relevant reading material.
You can also go on-line and find reliable and readable articles about HRT. ...Read more
Pregnancy is an altered immune state to allow the mother to tolerate a 'foreign body'- the infant in her body.
In some women, this altered immune state can result in some immune disease that alter normal hormone production in the body, most commonly thyroid over or underproduction. ...Read more