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Doctor insights on: Skin Melanoma Prognosis

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Nodular melanoma prognosis?

Nodular melanoma prognosis?

Melanoma prognosis: It's hard to tell based on no information provided. The depth of melanoma involvement and the size of the tumor are needed to prognosticate. ...Read more

Dr. Mike Bowman
950 Doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

A condition in which some element of your skin--which is one of the most complex organs in the body--degenerates into cancer. The three most common types of skin cancer are: basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use and ...Read more


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What causes melanoma? I know too much sun causes melanoma, but what could cause it on skin that’s never exposed to sun?

What causes melanoma? I know too much sun causes melanoma, but what could cause it on skin that’s never exposed to sun?

Unknown: Apart from sun (uv light), it's not entirely clear what causes melanoma. Mutations in many genes have been discovered such as braf, nras, and c-kit but much more research needs to be done. ...Read more

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Can melanoma appear under the skin and not on top of it?

Can melanoma appear under the skin and not on top of it?

Melanoma: Melanoma can appear in different internal organs including brain, & eye without any skin involvement. ...Read more

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Are melanomas usually a reddish pink irregular looking patch on skin? About the size of a pencil eraser?

Are melanomas usually a reddish pink irregular looking patch on skin? About the size of a pencil eraser?

Yes it can be: Most melanomas are mixtures of brown/black or tan color. Reddish pink would be uncommon. But watch for changes such as further enlargement in size or changes in color. If it gets bigger, get it removed. You could watch it for a few months and decide if it needs to be checked by your doctor in order to be certain. ...Read more

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What is melanoma skin cancer?

What is melanoma skin cancer?

Aggressive cancer: Melanoma develops from melanocytes cells of the lower layers in the skin. These cells produce pigments and the color of skin. When they form into cancer it can grow radially and deeply which can be dangerous as it can subsequently spread to other areas of the body. There are genetic predispositions as well as ultraviolet radiation exposure and sunburns are risk factors. ...Read more

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What exactly is non-melanoma skin cancer?

What exactly is non-melanoma skin cancer?

Other skin cancer: That means the 2 more common skin cancers: basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. ...Read more

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What increases my risk for melanoma of the skin?

Exposure to UV: Exposure to uv light, either from the sun or tanning beds is the leading preventable risk factor in melanoma. The uncountable risk factor is heredity. ...Read more

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Does melanoma that has spread to a distant skin site look like a melanoma?

Melanoma: Generally, a melanoma that has spread to another skin site resembles the primary lesion in that it is black and variegated in its depth of coloration. Sometimes, the metastatic lesion loses its color and appears flesh-colored. However, that is less common. Either way, the new lesion needs to be examined immediately. ...Read more

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Approximately how long does it take for a melanoma to go deeper than. 50 mm into the skin. I know there are many variables. I just ask for approximati?

A guess: Melanomas can behave quite differently. Some can stay relatively dormant for years, while others grow like wild fire. I would estimate that a superficial spreading melanoma (the most common type) would reach 0.5 mm in depth in about 6 months to 2 years from its inception. ...Read more

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How common is melanoma skin cancer?

How common is melanoma skin cancer?

21 per 100k people: 21 per 100000 men and women per year. It is estimated 76, 690 new cases and 9480 deaths in 2013 due to melanoma. ...Read more

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What to do about melanoma; skin cancer.?

What to do about melanoma; skin cancer.?

Melanoma: Things to do about melanoma: 1. Prevention: avoid sun exposure between 10am & 4pm. Use broad-spectrum sunscreen daily. 2. Detection: get to know your skin, do monthly skin self exam, including genital/perianal area. Show new or changing moles to dermatologist asap if melanoma is diagnosed early, chances of cure are high. No truly effective tx for late/metastatic melanoma. Early detection is key. ...Read more

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How can someone know if they have melanoma skin cancer?

How can someone know if they have melanoma skin cancer?

Skin exam: Skin cancer screening is very important, particularly in high risk people who have positive family history of skin cancer, who easily burn, who have had many sun burns in their youth, who have fair complexion, who smoke, who live in sunny climates, who use sun tan salons, and who have many atypical moles. A dermatologist is an expert who can evaluate your skin and provide treatment if necessary. ...Read more

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What are the signs when you get a skin cancer/melanoma?

Modified alphabet: A: asymetry of the borders, when folded in half the two halves of the mole do not match b: border irregularity, they are jagged uneven, not smooth c: variegated and multiple d: diameter >4mm e: elevation, growing up off the skin surface, or evolution (it is changing in some way) u: ulceration, the skin surface has broken down ****any lesion that is new or changing deserves further analysis, see your dermatologist. ...Read more

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Can melanoma that spread to lymph nodes be cured? (head)

Can melanoma that spread to lymph nodes be cured? (head)

Yes!: Melanoma has about 50% probability of cure as long as it has only spread to the regional lymph nodes. The number of nodes affected by tumor will determine the risk of relapse and the odds of achieving cure. ...Read more

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Which oral medication is available for melanoma skin cancer?

Which oral medication is available for melanoma skin cancer?

Nothing: There is no really good oral med for melanoma. Once the tumor has spread systemic interferon is often used. There are new drugs being developed. Melanama traditionally has been resistent to most types of medications. The mainstay of treatment for melanoma remains surgery. ...Read more

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Melanoma can cause conly confusion and heavy head without headaches?

Melanoma can cause conly confusion and heavy head without headaches?

Depends: It all depends on where exactly within the brain it is growing. Often times it won't cause any symptoms, but if it does cause symptoms these can range from stroke like symptoms to headache to coma. ...Read more

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What kind of tests are done in the follow-up for melanoma skin cancer?

Skin exams: Complete skin examinations at least four times a year. Once you develop one melanoma, you are at risk for developing an additional melanoma. Also depending on the level of risk associated with your particular melanoma imaging may be ordered to assess for the development of distant disease. ...Read more

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Prognosis (Definition)

The prognosis is the predicted outcome or "forecast" for a disease or process. It is only an estimate but is likely based on past experience or data taking into account the individual's overall health status. It may suggest progression of disease ...Read more


Dr. Travis Kidner
2,627 Doctors shared insights

Melanoma (Definition)

Cancer of the melanocyte cells. Melanocyte cells determine the color of your skin. Although these cells are primarily found in your skin, they can also be found in the bowel ...Read more