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Doctor insights on: Signs And Symptoms Of Hyperkalemia And Hypokalemia

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Is it normal to get hypokalemia for it to change into hyperkalemia?

Is it normal to get hypokalemia for it to change into hyperkalemia?

Nephrologist: Potassium balance is tightly regulated by the kidneys, so any potassium disorder implies some derangement in potassium handling. It is unusual to have low potassium (hypokalemia) if the food intake is normal and it is unusual to have hyperkalemia (high potassium) if you have normal kidney function. So if you have any of these problems, you must consult nephrologist. ...Read more

Dr. Jeffrey Satinover
1 Doctor shared a insight

Hyperkalemia (Definition)

Hyperkalemia in an elevated potassium level in the blood. It can be mild to severe. The most common causes are kidney disease, Addison's disease, dehydration, and multiple drug therapies. It can occur in crush injuries and rhabdomyolysis (rapid breakdown of muscle) or hemolysis (breakdown of blood cells). Severe hyperkalemia can be fatal and cause the heart to stop beating or become very slow. It is usually treated by resin exchange agents (Kayexalate or others) or dialysis and fluids. Sometimes glucose, Insulin and sodium bicarbonate can be utilized as ...Read more


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Why does respiratory alkalosis cause hypokalemia while metabolic acidosis causes hyperkalemia?

Why does respiratory alkalosis cause hypokalemia while metabolic acidosis causes hyperkalemia?

K and alkalosis acid: Blood K is sensitive to blood pH. (hydrogen ion concentration). When H gets too high (acidosis) it moves into cells to protect from death from too much acid. As H+ moves into cells a + ion must move out. This is usually K+. Thus hyperK. When H+ gets too low (alkalosis) in blood H+ moves from cell to blood to prevent death from low H+. As H+ moves out of cell K+ moves in. Thus blood K goes down. ...Read more

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What is a symptom of hyperkalemia?

High Potassium: This is defined as a serum potassium level above 5.5 meq/l.

The danger is in changing the resting membrane potential of the heart muscle cells, making them more easily excitable. This makes arrhythmias more likely. This is unlikely to happen unless the potassium is > 6.5 meq/l.

The heart may skip beats or transition into a lethal rhythm. ...Read more

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What are hypokalemia symptoms?

What are hypokalemia symptoms?

SX of low K: Based on following thousands with low K I can list
1. Fatigue
2. Muscle cramps
3. Brain fog
4. Getting up at night to pee more than once.
5. Paralysis
6. Irregular heart beats
7 Glucose intolerance aka diabetes but this is a sign.
8. If caused by excess aldo: high blood pressure but not a symptom it is a sign.
9. If 8 then headaches.
10. Heart failure.
11. Drop dead.
Find cause and correct it. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of Hyperkalemia?

The symptoms of Hyperkalemia include:: Confusion, Diarrhea, Lethargy, Vomiting, Weakness, Abnormal heart rhythms. ...Read more

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S. Creatine increased from 1.6 to 2.2 in 6-8 months (was under hyperkalemia at 5.7 constant - due to betablocker, but now at 3.5). Type 2 diabatic.?

S. Creatine increased from 1.6 to 2.2 in 6-8 months (was under hyperkalemia at 5.7 constant - due to betablocker, but now at 3.5). Type 2 diabatic.?

Diabetes longterm: With poor control will cause kidney disease. The answer to your question depends on many factors, particularly if you are indeed a diabetic. How well or poorly controlled it has been, other risk factors for kidney disease like hypertension, age, lipids, smoking status, medications, etc. ...Read more

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What do you use to treat hyperkalemia?

What do you use to treat hyperkalemia?

See below: Treatment of hyperkalemia involves a series of interventions. The first one is usually administration of ca gluconate IV to stabilize the heart. After this, glucose and Insulin can be administered to shift potassium into cells. Sodium polystyrene sulfate is administered orally or via an enema to bind potassium and remove it from the body. Dialysis is used in the setting of kidney failure. ...Read more

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Please explain why someone with hyperkalemia would be given?

Please explain why someone with hyperkalemia would be given?

See below: Treatment of hyperkalemia involves a series of interventions. The first one is usually administration of ca gluconate IV to stabilize the heart. After this, glucose and Insulin can be administered to shift potassium into cells. Sodium polystyrene sulfate is administered orally or via an enema to bind potassium and remove it from the body. Dialysis is used in the setting of kidney failure. ...Read more

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How can glucose help hyperkalemia?

How can glucose help hyperkalemia?

It's the insulin: Insulin shifts potassium from the bloodstream into cells. In order to give this safely to a patient with hyperkalemia, glucose is also given. Otherwise, the serum glucose level may drop too low in the process of the Insulin moving potassium intracellularly. ...Read more

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How does rhabdomyolysis cause hyperkalemia?

Cell Bursting: The majority of your potassium resides inside your cells. When rhadomyolosis (destruction of your muscles) occur, then these cells burst. When these cells burst, the all of the potassium is released into your bloodstream. Now you have hyperkalema. ...Read more

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How can hyperventilation treat hyperkalemia?

Acid-base: Hyperventilation drives the carbondioxide from the lungs, so you develop respiratory alkalosis which causes hypokalemia (low potassium).If someone has hyperkalemia and hyperventilation, they probably have some other underlying cause like metabolic acidosis which could be due to several reasons like severe diarrhea, kidney failure, infection. These are only few and one should consult nephrologist. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: hypokalemia?

What is the definition or description of: hypokalemia?

Low potassium: Most labs will define normal as 3.5 to 5. Some may increase the upper limits to 5.2 but anything above 5.5 is clearly abnormal. Level below 3.5 are called hypokalemia. ...Read more

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Can a person have both hypernatremia and hyperkalemia?

Possibly yes: Dehydration is the most common cause for both. Also certain medication may play this role. Your physician would have to look the whole picture on why this person developed both. ...Read more

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What kind of people are at an increased risk for hyperkalemia?

What kind of people are at an increased risk for hyperkalemia?

Hyperkalemia: Ones with kidney disease, adrenal gland disease, or medications that cause increase potassium. ...Read more

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What may be the cause of hypokalemia disease and how is it treated?

What may be the cause of hypokalemia disease and how is it treated?

Low potassium: Hypokalemia is a low blood potassium level. It can be from many reasons. Usually one sees this with vomiting and diarrhea from gastroenteritis. It is also a common side effect of medications such as diuretics (lasix (furosemide) or Furosemide or hydrochlorothiazide). It can usually be replaced by oral intake of pills or liquid potassium. Sometimes intravenous potassium is needed. Discuss with your doctor. ...Read more

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Taking K Klor 20meq pod for hypokalemia. Mistakenly took 2 doses today. Need I worry?

Taking K Klor 20meq pod for hypokalemia. Mistakenly took 2 doses today. Need I worry?

Took extra K: Not this is like drinking about 1 cup of low sodium V-8.

Need to find out cause of the low K tho.
This is all I do and happy to help. ...Read more

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Can hyperkalemia cause bradycardia?

Can hyperkalemia cause bradycardia?

See below: An extremely elevated level of potassium in the blood (hyperkalemia) can cause a slow heart rate (bradycardia) and even cardiac arrest. ...Read more

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What causes hyponatremia and hyperkalemia?

Hyponatremia: The answers to your questions cannot fit in allotted space. For the causes of hyponatremia go to this link:

http://www. Mayoclinic. Org/diseases-conditions/hyponatremia/basics/causes/con-20031445

for the causes of hyperkalemia go to this link:

http://www. Mayoclinic. Org/symptoms/hyperkalemia/basics/causes/sym-20050776

good luck. ...Read more

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Can a bad kidney that now causes pain cause hypokalemia?

Can a bad kidney that now causes pain cause hypokalemia?

Not common: Both condition can co exist sometimes but not always and not common. ...Read more

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Is it okay to exercise in the heat if I have hypokalemia?

Is it okay to exercise in the heat if I have hypokalemia?

Very risky: Agree you are taking a chance with your heart which could be life threatening. ...Read more

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Would renal failure result in hypo- or hyperkalemia? Why?

Depends: Many factors contribute to serum potassium levels including residual kidney function, diuretic use, potassium intake, GI potassium loss (i.e. diarrhea), and acid/base status. It is possible to see high or low serum potassium levels in patients with renal failure but hyperkalemia (high potassium) is more commonly observed in patients with advanced renal dysfunction. ...Read more

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Why dos someone develop hypokalemia if they have cushings disease?

Why dos someone develop hypokalemia if they have cushings disease?

Cushings: Cushing's disease involves excess cortisol, which is a glucocorticoid, which makes you round, thin skin, diabetes, etc. However, cortisol has a little mineralocorticoid effect (like aldosterone). Normally this is not significant, but when cortisol levels are high, the aldosterone-like effect will make you hypokalemic. ...Read more

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Can hyperkalemia and hypernatremia occur at the same time from IV fluid?

Possibly: Electrolyte abnormalities are common in hospitalized patients and can result from multiple factors. They often result from a patient's underlying condition. Intravenous fluid composition could also play a role. You should discuss with your doctor for specific answers in a specific situation. ...Read more

Dr. Clarence Grim
267 Doctors shared insights

Hypokalemia (Definition)

Most labs will define normal as 3.5 to 5. Some may increase the upper limits to 5.2 but anything above 5.5 is clearly abnormal. Level below ...Read more