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Doctor insights on: Sickle Cell Anemai

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Is sickle cell anemia hereditary?

Is sickle cell anemia hereditary?

Yes.: it is an autosomal recessive disorder, meaning that both parents must be carriers of the mutation. If they are, the chance of each child being affected is 1 in 4. ...Read more

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Dr. James Ball
355 doctors shared insights

Sickle Cell Disease (Definition)

A group of disorders that cause red blood cells to become ...Read more


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Is sickle cell anemia contagious?

Is sickle cell anemia contagious?

No: Sickle cell anemia is not an infection - thus it is not contagious. It is a genetic disease and so, it is hereditary. ...Read more

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What is sickle cell anemia?

What is sickle cell anemia?

Hereditary: Sickle cell anemia is a hereditary condition where some of the red blood cells become sickle shaped and rigid, and can't get through the smallest capillaries. Blocked circulation causes extreme pain in joints, abdomen, or chest. ...Read more

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Is sickle cell crisis more severe in sickle cell thalassemia or sickle cell alone?

Is sickle cell crisis more severe in sickle cell thalassemia or sickle cell alone?

Most less severe: Most are less severe in sickle cell thalassemia, but depends. HbS/B(0)thal: similar to HbSS in severity maybe slightly less severe. HbS/B(+)thal: has 60% HbSS and 30% HbA, thus less severe than HbSS (sickle cell alone). HbS/A-thal: less severe than HbSS due to decreased HbSS amount. ...Read more

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Can people with sickle cell anemia donate blood?

Can people with sickle cell anemia donate blood?

No: A diagnosis of sickle cell disease precludes donation of blood. This is not only because of the presence of the disease itself, but also because patients with sickle cell disease fail to meet the hemoglobin criteria for donors set by the red cross, which is 12.5g/dl. ...Read more

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What is sickle cell trait and anemia?

What is sickle cell trait and anemia?

Genes: Sickle cell anemia occurs when someone has 2 sickle cell genes. Normal hemoglobin (hb) genes code for hb a. A sickle cell gene codes for hb s. Having 1 hb a gene & 1 hb s gene leads to sickle trait. This will have no symptoms, but has some health consequences. 2 genes for hb s leads to sickle cell anemia. To make things more complicated, there are other abnormal hb genes that can cause problems. ...Read more

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Is sickle cell anemia painful?

Is sickle cell anemia painful?

Pain crisis=painful: Sickle cell anemia itself is not painful . However sickle cell anemia can be complicated with crisis episode either in a form of sickle cell pain crisis ( this is painful), or other episode such as acute chest syndrome , stroke etc. ...Read more

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What is sickle cell beta thalassemia?

What is sickle cell beta thalassemia?

Got both mutations: A person has sickle cell beta thalassemia if he inherited one gene mutation for sickle cell anemia, and also inherited one gene mutation for beta thalassemia. He can have symptoms of sickle cell disease, unlike patients with only sickle cell trait who are generally without symptoms. ...Read more

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Is malaria and sickle cell anemia related?

Sickle cell Trait: can offer some protective value regarding severity of malarial disease. In a person who has sickle-cell trait – the red blood cells are destroyed prematurely before the Plamodium can reproduce. According to one study “Sickle cell trait provides 60% protection against overall mortality. Most of this protection occurs between 2-16 months of life, before the onset of clinical immunity..." ...Read more

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Can sickle cell anemia be fatal?

Can sickle cell anemia be fatal?

Yes: Individuals with sickle cell anemia are at high risk to develop invasive bacterial infections, e.g., meningitis and bacteremia, especially by pneumococcus. Penicillin prophylaxis, immunization, and prompt medical attention for febrile illness have greatly reduced fatality from serious infection. ...Read more

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Different between sickle cell anaemia and beta-thalassemia?

Different between sickle cell anaemia and beta-thalassemia?

Beta thalassemia: Is a quantitative deficiency of beta globin, caused by alterations in regulatory elements governing beta globin expression. The mutation that causes sickle cell anemia is a qualitative abnormality of beta globin. Two hgbs alleles causes sickle cell dz. But you can inherit one hgbs and one beta thal allele (so called sickle-beta thal). Dz severity depends on beta globin expression from thal allele. ...Read more

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Does high reticulocyte count mean sickle cell crisis?

Not necessarily....: Patients with sickle cell disease have elevated reticulocyte counts at baseline, as their red cells have significantly reduced half lives relative to normal rbcs. More rapid red cell synthesis, reflected by the high retic count, is needed to maintain steady state, albeit lower than normal. Are you having other symptoms suggesting vaso occlusive crisis? If so, you should seek medical attention. ...Read more

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How dangerous is sickle cell anemia?

More info needed: Patients with sickle cell anemia have greater tendency for severe anemia and infection. Usually children have more difficulties. Sometimes frequent transfusion is needed to assist in crises, or to suppress sickle hemoglobin and decrease sickling issues which can be very painful. Hydroxyurea is used to help symptoms and to increase fetal hemoglobin, vaccinations, and antibiotics help. See MD. ...Read more

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How is sickle cell anemia detected?

Blood test: Every newborn baby undergoes "newborn screening" test before they are released from hospital. Most of abnormal hemoglobins, e.g. Hemoglobin s in sickle cell disease, are detected. ...Read more

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What chromosome carries the gene for sickle cell anemia?

What chromosome carries the gene for sickle cell anemia?

Chromosome No. 11: Point mutation at beta-globin gene located at chromosome no. 11 results in production of defective hemoglobin, sickle hemoglobin. ...Read more

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What causes sickle cell anemia besides malaria?

What causes sickle cell anemia besides malaria?

Malaria doesnt cause: Sickle cell anemia is a hereditary disease caused by a mutation in the dna coding for hemoglobin. Scientists have long known that sickle cell anemia protects carriers from malaria infections, which could be advantageous in certain parts of the world. Malaria does not cause sickle cell anemia. ...Read more

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Dr. Steven Ginsberg
1,283 doctors shared insights

Anemia (Definition)

Any condition where there is a decrease in the red blood ...Read more