Doctor insights on:
Shrinking Thyroid Gland
It is an endocrine gland which produces thyroxin hormone which controls the metabolism in every cell in the body.It produces 80 to 90%t4 and 10 to 20 %t3. These control rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of functions of many cells in the body it is ...Read more
Ususally not: Thymus usually regresses after reaching maximum size at puberty. It becomes infiltrated with fat during regression. It can enlarge with tumors such as thymoma and thymolipoma. Also hormone associated with hyperthyroidism or graves disease in adolescence can stimulate thymus to overgrow. Otherwise thymus remains dormant in older people. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Goiter: An enlarged thyroid gland is called a goiter. Symptoms can be related to overactive thyroid function or underactive. Overactive symptoms include shakiness, palpitations, diarrhea, sweats, nervousness. Underactive symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, coarse hair and skin. If your gland is enlarged you should see your doctor. ...Read more
Graves/Thyroiditis: Most commonly this is due to graves disease or thyroiditis. In both of these cases your immune system attacks your thyroid and tries to kill it, because it thinks it is foreign, like a virus. However in graves disease the antibodies that attack the thyroid actually stimulate receptors that make it grow and produce too much thyroid hormone. In thyroiditis the immune cells infiltrate the thyroid. ...Read more
Usually not: In the distant past, thyroid hormone was used to 'shrink' nodules. More recent studies with ultrasound monitoring has shown that most nodules do not shrink with thyroid hormone treatment. Because thyroid cancer is the fastest increasing cancer in women, it is important to follow most thyroid nodules with ultrasound. With hashimoto's thyroiditis, there can be false or pseudonodules. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can hoshimotos automimmune disease of the thyroid make the submandibular glands enlarged? Or any salivary glands enlarged?
Yes: All cells of thyroid origin secrete thyroglobulin. Measuring it to follow a cancer ONLY makes since if the whole thyroid has been removed. If you have anti thyroglobulin antibodies, that makes thyroglobulin measurements unreliable. However, rising or decreasing anti thyroglobulin antibodies can be a proxy for thyroglobulin measurements. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No: Separate process.Get a more detailed answer ›
Thyroid nodules: A very small percentage of thyroid nodules can be cancer. That is why your doctor will examine them with ultrasound and perform needle aspiration biopsy on them. If the nodule is suspicious appearing, it may need to be surgically removed. However, most are harmless. You may need to see an endocrinologist. ...Read more
thyroid u/s showed mildly heterogeneous echotexture of thyroid glan mild cervical lymphadenopathy small hypoechoic nodule rep parathyroid adenoma ?
Multinodular goiter: Hi. Your hyper-functioning nodule is producing thyroid hormone without pituitary regulation. Since you have multiple nodules, chances are they're all overproducing thyroid hormone (aka "hot" nodules). Your radio-iodine scan will tell. Any "cold" nodule of certain size will need to be evaluated to make sure it's not cancer (you may not have any cold nodules). Treatment with 131-Iodine is easy. ...Read more
Hormones: A tropic hormone is a hormone secreted by one gland and then stimulates another gland; for example, the pituitary makes TSH, which targets the thyroid and causes the thyroid to make T4 and T3 (liothyronine). The thyroid hormones (T4, T3 (liothyronine)) target other organs (heart, CNS, GI, etc), but not really other glands, so are not really tropic hormones. ...Read more
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