Doctor insights on:
What is the immune response to clostridium botulinum, clostridium tetani or clostridium perfringes?
Do your homework: Your instructors will expect you to answer your homework questions from the assigned reading. The wording and jargon will be recognizable and you will be dinged if you do not.This information site is not set up to provide a shortcut for homework answers. ...Read more
Poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms;man-made substances created by artificial processes are thus excluded. The term was first used by organic chemist ludwig brieger (1849–1919). For a toxic substance not produced within living organisms, "toxicant" and "toxics" are also sometimes used.. Toxins can be small ...Read more
Yes but...: In neither conditions, recovery from the disease does not confer immunity because the toxin is usually not present in amount large enough to induce adequate immune response. ...Read more
Dangerous bacteria: Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) are bacteria found in various livestock (cows, swine, etc) which can lead to dangerous food borne illness.Recent outbreaks in Europe are due to a specific type of STEC called strain 0104:h4. In the USA E. coli o157:h7 is a more common strain.Each produces a toxin (shiga) which can disrupt colon cells causing bloody diarrhea or destroy kidney cells & lead to HUS. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Clostridium difficile toxin b gene present
clostridium dificile antigen presen. Would u no how severe the c diff is?
Have diarrhea or no?: C.Difficile is pathogenic in older children & adults (whose colonic microflora are altered by antibiotics, chemotherapy, salmonella/shigella). C.Diff causes diarrhea w/pseudomembranous & other colitis, complicates inflammatory bowel disease, causes fulminant transmural extension, perforation with peritonitis, toxic megacolon. Treatment, & confirmation of post-treatment eradication, is recommended. ...Read more
Salmonella infection: Possible Salmonella symptoms include: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (which may be bloody), musculoskeletal aches & pains, fever, chills & headaches. If Salmonella enters the blood stream it can cause endocarditis (infection involving heart), Osteomyelistis (bone infection) & infection of brain/ spinal cord (meningitis). Salmonella can sometimes be fatal. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes, proper cooking: Thoroughly cooking foods, and proper food-safety habits, kills e. Coli bacteria. The "bad" e. Coli in food poisoning at first causes intestinal symptoms such as diarrhea. If it goes on to damage the blood and the kidneys, more organs get affected, and skin rashes looking like tiny blood spots or like bruises can appear. This second, serious stage of the illness is called hemolytic uremic syndrome. ...Read more
Salmonella carrier: Typhoid fever, or enteric fever, is caused by a number of salmonella strains. Chronic carrier state is defined as persistence of bacteria in stool or urine for >1 year. Up to 4% of patients with s.Typhi become carriers--highest in women, with biliary or urologic abnormalities (biliary or kidney stones), or concurrent bladder infection with schistosoma. Sometimes gallbladder removal is needed. ...Read more
Agree w Dr. Raff: Salmonella may be found in feces of infected organisms. It can be in raw poultry & meat as well as raw eggs & seafood. Some fruits & vegetables may also be contaminated w salmonella. Touching infected reptiles & birds can also lead to infection. Vegetables & fruit may be irrigated or washed w contaminated water. Cross contamination can also occur during food preparation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes it is: If food is contaminated by salmonella, anyone who eats that food can become ill. Also it can be transmitted person-to-person by the fecal-oral route. Strict hand-washing is needed. Also keeping raw meat, etc separate from other foods is wise -- as is having separate cutting boards, etc. http://tinyurl.com/k8894u5. ...Read more
Salmonella: Non-typhoidal strains of salmonella can rarely produce enteric fever and are usually confined to the intestinal tract. It would be unusual for your baby to be affected by this, but best to discuss this with your obstetrician and the doctor who made the diagnosis of salmonellosis. Hope you are better soon, and have a great baby. ...Read more