Top
20
Doctor insights on: Shiga Toxin

Share
1

1
What is the immune response to clostridium botulinum, clostridium tetani or clostridium perfringes?

What is the immune response to clostridium botulinum, clostridium tetani or clostridium perfringes?

Do your homework: Your instructors will expect you to answer your homework questions from the assigned reading. The wording and jargon will be recognizable and you will be dinged if you do not.This information site is not set up to provide a shortcut for homework answers. ...Read more

Toxin (Definition)

Poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms;man-made substances created by artificial processes are thus excluded. The term was first used by organic chemist ludwig brieger (1849–1919). For a toxic substance not produced within living organisms, "toxicant" and "toxics" are also sometimes used.[citation needed]. Toxins can be small ...Read more


2

2
Does the body produce antitoxins against clostridium botulinum and tetani toxins?

Does the body produce antitoxins against clostridium botulinum and tetani toxins?

Yes but...: In neither conditions, recovery from the disease does not confer immunity because the toxin is usually not present in amount large enough to induce adequate immune response. ...Read more

3

3
What are shiga toxin-producing e. Coli?

What are shiga toxin-producing e. Coli?

Dangerous bacteria: Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) are bacteria found in various livestock (cows, swine, etc) which can lead to dangerous food borne illness.Recent outbreaks in Europe are due to a specific type of STEC called strain 0104:h4. In the USA E. coli o157:h7 is a more common strain.Each produces a toxin (shiga) which can disrupt colon cells causing bloody diarrhea or destroy kidney cells & lead to HUS. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
4

4
Clostridium difficile toxin b gene present clostridium dificile antigen presen. Would u no how severe the c diff is?

Clostridium difficile toxin b gene present
clostridium dificile antigen presen. Would u no how severe the c diff is?

Have diarrhea or no?: C.Difficile is pathogenic in older children & adults (whose colonic microflora are altered by antibiotics, chemotherapy, salmonella/shigella). C.Diff causes diarrhea w/pseudomembranous & other colitis, complicates inflammatory bowel disease, causes fulminant transmural extension, perforation with peritonitis, toxic megacolon. Treatment, & confirmation of post-treatment eradication, is recommended. ...Read more

5

5
Which microbes cause salmonella?

Which microbes cause salmonella?

Bacteria: Genus – Salmonella. Family – Enterobacteriaceae. Salmonella are gram-negative rods. See: http://www.britannica.com/science/Salmonella ...Read more

9

9
Effects of salmonella typhimurium?

Effects of salmonella typhimurium?

Salmonella infection: Possible Salmonella symptoms include: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (which may be bloody), musculoskeletal aches & pains, fever, chills & headaches. If Salmonella enters the blood stream it can cause endocarditis (infection involving heart), Osteomyelistis (bone infection) & infection of brain/ spinal cord (meningitis). Salmonella can sometimes be fatal. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
10

10
E. Coli food poisoning symptoms?

E. Coli food poisoning symptoms?

Bloody diarrhea: Acute bloody diarrhea is the main symptom, but in some cases there is no bleeding. There is often abdominal tenderness and absence of fever. Complications may include kidney failure, hemolytic anemia, and low platelets. ...Read more

11

11
Whats a clostridium botulinum culture?

Whats a clostridium botulinum culture?

Unclear question: Clostridium botulinum organism cause paralytic food poisoning, usally through contamination of home canned goods. It grows in an anerobic environment and releases a toxin that affects muscle function. ...Read more

13

13
Which pathogen causes polio?

Which pathogen causes polio?

Poliovirus: Polio is caused by a virus called poliovirus. This is an RNA virus and colonized the gastrointestinal tract (mouth to intestines). ...Read more

14

14
Is salmonella typhimurium dangerous?

Yes and Yes: Like other serotypes of salmonella enterica, salmonella typhimurium can cause serious, potentially life-threatening infection especially in the young, the elderly and the immune suppressed. ...Read more

15

15
Can cooking e coli contaminated food kill the bacteria?

Can cooking e coli contaminated food kill the bacteria?

Yes, proper cooking: Thoroughly cooking foods, and proper food-safety habits, kills e. Coli bacteria. The "bad" e. Coli in food poisoning at first causes intestinal symptoms such as diarrhea. If it goes on to damage the blood and the kidneys, more organs get affected, and skin rashes looking like tiny blood spots or like bruises can appear. This second, serious stage of the illness is called hemolytic uremic syndrome. ...Read more

16

16
Is salmonella bacteria killed by cooking ?

Is  salmonella bacteria killed by cooking ?

Yes, if well cooked: Salmonella is easily killed by heat but undercooked meats can allow salmonella to remain alive. Chicken and pork particularly should always be cooked thoroughly to ensure destruction of the bacteria. ...Read more

17

17
Where does salmonella typhimurium hide?

Where does salmonella typhimurium hide?

Salmonella carrier: Typhoid fever, or enteric fever, is caused by a number of salmonella strains. Chronic carrier state is defined as persistence of bacteria in stool or urine for >1 year. Up to 4% of patients with s.Typhi become carriers--highest in women, with biliary or urologic abnormalities (biliary or kidney stones), or concurrent bladder infection with schistosoma. Sometimes gallbladder removal is needed. ...Read more

18

18
How does salmonella typhimurium bacteria spread?

How does salmonella typhimurium bacteria spread?

Agree w Dr. Raff: Salmonella may be found in feces of infected organisms. It can be in raw poultry & meat as well as raw eggs & seafood. Some fruits & vegetables may also be contaminated w salmonella. Touching infected reptiles & birds can also lead to infection. Vegetables & fruit may be irrigated or washed w contaminated water. Cross contamination can also occur during food preparation. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
19

19
Is samonella poisoning contageous?

Is samonella poisoning contageous?

Yes it is: If food is contaminated by salmonella, anyone who eats that food can become ill. Also it can be transmitted person-to-person by the fecal-oral route. Strict hand-washing is needed. Also keeping raw meat, etc separate from other foods is wise -- as is having separate cutting boards, etc. http://tinyurl.com/k8894u5. ...Read more

20

20
Can non-typhoid salmonella poisoning cross the placenta?

Salmonella: Non-typhoidal strains of salmonella can rarely produce enteric fever and are usually confined to the intestinal tract. It would be unusual for your baby to be affected by this, but best to discuss this with your obstetrician and the doctor who made the diagnosis of salmonellosis. Hope you are better soon, and have a great baby. ...Read more