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Doctor insights on: Severe Fungal Infection Cytokine Inhibitors

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Dr. Sandra Lora Cremers
9 doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


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How common is bacterial infection in anti tnf medication treatment?

How common is bacterial infection in anti tnf medication treatment?

Higher but still low: Anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs have emerged as important agents in the treatment of many chronic inflammatory diseases. One of the risks of anti-tnf therapy is the small but significant risk of serious opportunistic infection. These include increased risks of certain fungal, viral and bacterial infections, but not to all pathogens. The risk is still small and should be balanced with benefits. ...Read more

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How to find the Bug (bacteria, virus, fingi, parassite, mycoplasma etc) that caused an orticaria, acute pneumonia, atypical broncospasm, mass ?

How to find the Bug  (bacteria, virus, fingi, parassite, mycoplasma etc)  that caused an orticaria, acute pneumonia, atypical broncospasm,  mass  ?

No simple answer: urticaria is not caused by a bug usually.for the others sputum cultures,blood tests and in extreme cases biopsy can determine the 'bugs.' ...Read more

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Could urease inhibitors be used in treating h. pylori infection?

Could urease inhibitors be used in treating h. pylori infection?

No : You need the combination of antibiotic and acid suppressing medicine to treat H. Pylori successfully. ...Read more

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Is prednisone for viral or bacterial lung infection?

For none: Prednisone is not for any type of infection; in fact it can increase the risk and severity of infection. ...Read more

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Does fluticasone / Q var immunocompromise respiratory epithelium? I'm in healthcare & I garden. Increased risk of viral, bacterial, or fungal infx?

Does fluticasone / Q var immunocompromise respiratory epithelium?  I'm in healthcare & I garden. Increased risk of viral, bacterial, or fungal infx?

Minimal risk at most: If anything, underlying allergies and/or asthma will leave you at greater risk to develop infections. The anti-inflammatory treatment your referenced can theoretically reduce the inflammatory response, but they intend to do just that. Patients with allergic conditions have high inflammation levels that benefit from such treatment. ...Read more

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Do inhaled corticosteroids increase susceptibility to fungal/bacterial resp. infections (besides candida)? Environmental mold, or healthcare exposure?

Do inhaled corticosteroids increase susceptibility to fungal/bacterial resp. infections (besides candida)? Environmental mold, or healthcare exposure?

Not usually: Usually just thrush if you have a normal immune system. Not sure what the second part of your question is asking. Here is some info about on of the inhaled corticosteroids: http://www.drugs.com/sfx/flovent-hfa-side-effects.html ...Read more

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Could either severe dengue fever and/or antibiotic induced anaphylactic shock trigger a chronic obstruction of hepatobiliary system? Thank you.

Could either severe dengue fever and/or antibiotic induced anaphylactic shock trigger a chronic obstruction of hepatobiliary system? Thank you.

Biliary obstruction: On a theoretical basis if one had hemorrhagic fever due to dengue virus you could precipitate hemoglobin in the biliary radicals. Cannot imagine how anaphylactic shock would effect this. You need to discuss this at length with the doctors managing your condition. ...Read more

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Could the herpes 1 virus cause sinus infection? Antibios, allergy meds aren't helping. Rbc,hemoglobin,hematocrit,platelets normal but WBC little low.

Could the herpes 1 virus cause sinus infection? Antibios, allergy meds aren't helping. Rbc,hemoglobin,hematocrit,platelets normal but WBC little low.

Virus: Itd be unusual. If youve tried all those treatments without help, you should see an ent for an exam of the nose and sinus openings. Sometimes a ct scan of the sinuses is needed ...Read more

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13500 WBC 46% lymps, chronic muscle deep tissue infection, pain in knees. Responded using ciprofloxicin to tr ear infection. Blood culture next?

13500 WBC 46% lymps, chronic muscle deep tissue infection, pain in knees.  Responded using ciprofloxicin to tr ear infection.  Blood culture next?

Knee infection : The best way to rule out knee joint infection is to aspirate the knee joint and examine the fluid for organisms and perform cell count and culture/sensitivity to determine appropriate antibiotics. If you have high fever and chills consistent with generalized illness then blood culture will be necessary. You need to see you doctor who can examine you and decide what to do next good luck. ...Read more

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Prostatitis following non specific urethritis bacterial or fungal as candida present ?

Prostatitis following non specific urethritis  bacterial or fungal as candida present ?

Likely bacterial.: Although reports of fungal prostatitis have been reported in the literature, this disease is quite rare, limited to severely immune-compromised (transplant or hiv) patients who are hospitalized. If your have a prostatic infection, it is most likely bacterial and candida is a urinary or culture contaminant. I recommend you see a urologist for evaluation & treatment. ...Read more

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Could anti psoriasis treatment cure a fungal infection ?

Could anti psoriasis treatment cure a fungal infection ?

No: They are two entirely different issues with entirely different treatments. ...Read more

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Can untreated hashimoto disease weaken immune system and cause several bacterial / viral infections the past several months?

Thyroid function?: If your thyroid function is normal , then there should be no problem with your immune system. Even if the thyroid function were low, the immune function is not usually impaired. ...Read more

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Can antiviral medications increase the chance of secondary bacterial infections and sepsis?

Can antiviral medications increase the chance of secondary bacterial infections and sepsis?

No: Unless you have a rare side effect and have suppression of your bone marrow and can not generate enough infection fighting cells. ...Read more

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Ross River Virus Jan2014, subsequent rash & pernicious anaemia. Rash appears to be BULLOUS PEMPHIGOLD. Topical ointment NOVASONE largely ineffectual ?

Ross River Virus Jan2014, subsequent rash & pernicious anaemia. Rash appears to be BULLOUS PEMPHIGOLD. Topical ointment NOVASONE largely ineffectual ?

Ouch!: If you haven't, see a Dermatologist - here's good info: http://www.dermnet.com/videos/bullous-diseases/autoimmune-blistering-diseases-of-the-basement-membrane-zone/bullous-pemphigoid-treatment/ You may need systemic corticosteroids but they have some bad side EFX. I hope it helps! Wish I could say 'No worries'. ...Read more

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Molecular mimicry is a possible cause of some forms of autoimmunity due to bacterial infection..Do fungal/viral infections ever cause autoimmunity?

Molecular mimicry is a possible cause of some forms of autoimmunity due to bacterial infection..Do fungal/viral infections ever cause autoimmunity?

Molecular mimicry: Why yes viral infections certainly do display molecular mimicry. Most commonly are the herpesvirus family (herpes simplex, varicella, cmv, ebv...16 in all). That is why these viruses remain latent within us and if the immune system is disrupted by acquired immunodeficiencies (age, chemotherapy, HIV or other viral infections) these viruses then reactivate. ...Read more

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I have a severe toenail fungal infection which has not been cured by daktarin tincture used for months.Is loceryl gaurenteed to work better.

No: The active ingredients are different. All tropicals have a low cure rate. See your doctor to possibly get an oral medication for a better result. ...Read more

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Was taking Metronidazole for bacterial vaginosis but it caused severe itching and a foul odour. Does it mean I have a yeast fungal infection instead?

Was taking Metronidazole for bacterial vaginosis but it caused severe itching and a foul odour. Does it mean I have a yeast fungal infection instead?

Maybe, probably not: Yeast infections cause itching but usually not odor. Probably the odor is from the BV itself, even if first noticed after starting treatment. But regardless of odor, the itching could indicate a yeast infection. Allergy to metronidazole unlikely but possible. You also need to be checked for other STDs like gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomonas if not yet done. Discuss with your doctor or clinic. ...Read more

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Would a severe fungal infection in the brain cause an abnormal CBC/CMP or C-réactive protein?

Would a severe fungal infection in the brain cause an abnormal CBC/CMP or C-réactive protein?

Blood tests: There are a few diseases that leap out from blood tests. Most of the time, however, blood tests don't tell the doctor much on their own, not very specific. CBC and CRP are swayed by many conditions. These include the broad categories of cancer, infection, and inflammatory disease. Fungal brain infection is just one of the myriad possibilities, some serious and some not. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have a fungal infection?

How do I know if I have a fungal infection?

Fungal infection: There are dozens of different fungal infections, some superficial skin infections, others systemic, some a combination of both. Cannot answer your question as asked. Be more specific and ask again. ...Read more

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Advice? I need to be rid of a fungal infection?

Fungal infection: Typically, for the majority of people, it is relatively easy to treat 'fungal infections' using both over-the-counter medications, or medications that only we can provide you. However, there are a variety of factors that determine how 'easy' it is to treat including where it is located, your present medical problems and medications that you are presently taking. Thus, follow up with pcp. ...Read more

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I have vaginal fungal infection what could be the possible causes?

I have vaginal fungal infection what could be the possible causes?

See below: Factors that disrupt the natural balance of microorganisms that live in the vagina predispose you to this. Examples include: antibiotic use; douches/feminine sprays; scratches in the vagina (from tampons); tight clothing or underwear (hot, moist, irritating); hormonal changes; birth control pills. I assume you are healthy and therefore i will not go into the other more rare causes. ...Read more

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I am suffering from fungal infection in my genetial area. The infection keeps spreading , what are it's cures?

Dermatomycoses: This needs to be seen to be properly assessed and managed. Generally superficial fungal skin infections of this nature are managed well with topical antifungal medications, but occasionally may require systemic therapy. See your doctor. Best wishes. ...Read more

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How do I treat fungal infections on the toes?

How do I treat fungal infections on the toes?

Local creams: There are many over-the-counter creams that are effective for fungal infection between the toes. Alternatively, you can take one dose of Fluconazole but you need a prescription for that. ...Read more

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How do I treat my fungal infection on my toes?

How do I treat my fungal infection on my toes?

Many ways: Topical antifungals, natural antifungals, prescription medicine, laser treatment, removal of the toenail. ...Read more

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How did i catch a fungal infection on my face?

Fungal infections: If this is a superficial facial skin infection these are very very common. Unless you can think of somebody whose skin made direct contact with yours to induce infection there is unlikely to be a specific answer to your question since these fungi are ubiquitous. ...Read more

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What can I do to treat yeast or fungal infection?

What can I do to treat yeast or fungal infection?

Topical: First, be sure it's yeast or fungus. This infection often responds to topicals. It depends where it is on the body as to what you would find appealing to use. Lamisil (terbinafine) cream is over the counter and is a popular anti-fungal. Sometimes a yeast is on the back where you can't apply a cream and then you might be better off taking a pill for a short time. A pill would involve a prescription. ...Read more

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Penile fungal infection possibility, should I be concerned?

I would think that: most men would be concerned about any type of possible infection involving their genitalia. ...Read more

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How would i be able to tell if I have fungal infection in my hair?

Very itchy: Fungal infections in the scalp are usually extremely itchy and scaly, can cause localized hair loss, and are frequently associated with swollen lymph nodes in the neck. If you have these symptoms please see your dermatologist for treatment, as you will require prescription medication. ...Read more

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What happens if i leave a fungal infection of the scalp untreated?

What happens if i leave a fungal infection of the scalp untreated?

No: Fungal infection of the scalp has to be treated with oral antifungals as well as shampoo cause if you leave it untreated it lead to patches of hair loss( tinea species the most common fungal infection of scalp) does that. ...Read more

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I have vaginal fungal infection, what could be the possible causes?

I have vaginal fungal infection, what could be the possible causes?

Maybe changes in pH: Maybe some changes in the ph (acidity) inside the vagina allowed candida yeast to over-grow and cause itching, discharge, etc... ...Read more

Cytokine (Definition)

Any of several nonantibody proteins, such as lymphokines, that are released by a cell population on contact with a specific antigen and act as intercellular mediators, as in the generation of an immune response. Compliments of the ...Read more


Dr. Michael Dugan
555 doctors shared insights

Fungal Infection (Definition)

Fungal infection = ...Read more