Doctor insights on:
Severe Anoxic Encephalopathy
Variable: By definition a period of anoxia has occurred which caused tissue (brain) damage. That period of anoxia may have also caused injury to the heart muscle or the heart may have been able to rely on other metabolic pathways to supply its needs. If injured, the effect on the cvs would depend on the extent. If not, it could function normally. ...Read more
Varies/no/unlikely: Anoxic encephalopathy is brain damage due to a localized or generalized lack of oxygen.It can vary from unnoticed to actual brain death, with every level in between. Once damaged, the area will remain so, but not extend beyond the nerves lost originally. Function may deteriorate over time as the body adapts to the loss. Some would develop seizures. I would not look at this as a primary cause of HA's ...Read more
My sister was diagn. With profound anoxic encephalopathy in august 2013. She can't eat, drink, walk, talk & urinates 1 in 24 hrs. Happened fast? Next?
More of the same: In general, the items you mention will persist and the impact will become more dramatic as she gets older. Anoxic encephalopathy just means the oxygen or blood to her brain was not passing through in adequate amounts for her nerves to survive. Once critical nerves are damaged, there is a good chance they will never recover. At some later time the label of cerebral palsy will be applied. ...Read more
Had hypertensive emergency resulting severe headache (perhaps encephalopathy) & the headache has not gone away for over a year. Ever seen that?
HOWEVER do not be so "quick" to think of the headache as being due to your episode of severe hypertension. The headache MUST BE EVALUATED and all causes of prolonged headache ruled out!! Start with your Primary Care Physician who may order appropriate testing (eg Brain MRI!) then consultation with a Neurologist or Headache specialist (YES there are such Physicians) is the NEXT STEP!
Z ...Read more
How long does a person have to live when diagnosed with severe liver failure and hepatic encephalopathy?
Depends: If they can tolerate and respond to supportive treatment, then can be months. Often those two diagnoses will qualify for hospice care, as not all respond, and most have other health issues complicating management. Untreated or no response to tx usually less than 1 month. ...Read more
My father is 67 years old has alcoholic cirrhosis. Has been hospitalized twice with severe hepatic encephalopathy. What is his likely life expectancy?
Not too long: But nobody really knowsGet a more detailed answer ›
Static=doesn't change; encephalopathy= a problem that affects the ability of the brain to function
This is a description not a disease. It is commonly used to describe the injury that causes cerebral palsy. It can also also be applied to a brain injury from trauma (car crash, fight, fall, etc.) or residual injury from an infection like meningitis. ...Read more
Acute= happened quickly, not over a long period
disseminated= effects spread over wide area, not localized to a limited area.
Encephalopathy= damage affecting the brain
these are descriptors that describe a process. They would usually be entioned with a cause, whether infectious, toxic, or traumatic. ...Read more
Thiamine deficiency: Occurring in chronic alcoholics, chronic malnutrition, rarely during cancer chemo or pancreatitis. Symptoms include, confusion, disorientation, hallucinations, memory loss, abnormal eye movements including nystagmus and double vision, incoordination and imbalance. With prompt thiamine, symptoms may clear within a few days, but 25 % develop korsakoff's psychosis with permanent memory impairments. ...Read more
Same as in boxers..: ...And soccer players: a cumulative result of many small hemorrhages and tears within the brain from repeated trauma. Can present as early parkinson's disease, memory problems, or trouble with emotional lability. ...Read more
Wernicke's: Wernicke's encephalopathy is a serious neurologic disorder related to thiamine deficiency, and seen frequently in chronic alcoholics. The presenting triad of symptoms is confusion, ataxia, and ophthalmoplegia (inability to move the eyes). In advanced cases you might also see memory loss and confabulation -- the person fills in what isn't recalled, with stories that could sound okay, but aren't. ...Read more
Could be!: It is due to vitamin (THIAMIN) deficiency If left untreated could be dangerpous ...Read more
Hepatic encephalopat: Hepatic encephalopathy is a condition of confusion or altered alertness due to inhibition of brain function. It is believed that this is related to insufficient metabolism of the liver and build up of chemicals that can be transmitted to the brain by the blood stream. In some cases, an elevated blood ammonia level correlates with this condition, but not always, and the role of ammonia is debated. ...Read more
Mad cow (prion) dis: The brain in prion disease shows large distended vacuoles (bubbles) to the extent that under the microscope, the vacuoles are empty, giving the brain an appearance that is reminiscent of a sponge (or swiss cheese, for that matter). ...Read more
Varies: Encephalopathy merely means abnormal brain function, and causes are numerous. Epilepsy may respond to medications or vns units. Cognitive issues may benefit from memory enhancing drugs, infections from antibiotics. Medications and toxic exposures can cause encephalopathy, and some cancers cause as a para-neoplastic phenomenon. Treatment varies. ...Read more
Term definitions: The term encephalopathy is a broad label meaning something that is producing damage to the nervous system. It implies an active process like encephalitis or degenerative disease. Autism is a label used for a pattern of behaviors. It implies areas of poor functioning in the nervous system. ...Read more
Encephalopathy: Symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy may be mild at first then become severe. Mild symptoms may include mood changes, mild confusion, forgetfulness, and changes in sleep, while more severe symptoms may include agitation, disorientation or severe confusion, abnormal movements, sleepiness, and slurred speech. Patients may progress to coma and death in the most severe cases. ...Read more
Difficult to answer: This is a rare problem. There a only a few reported cases, and it is hard to offer a good answer for treatment. It can have a reversible component in some cases. There are some old cases where it was injected into the spinal fluid and fatal. ...Read more