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Doctor insights on: Seizure Disorder Spina Bifida

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Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury or chromosomal disorder?

Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury or chromosomal disorder?

No one knows : There seems to be an interplay of genetic and environmental factors that cause this disease. Women who have had one child with spina bifida, or who are obese or diabetic have an increased chance of having a child with the problem. It is known that taking Folic Acid during the fertile years decreases the chance of having this problem. ...Read more

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Dr. Bennett Machanic
1,155 doctors shared insights

Seizures (Uncontrollable Jerking Of Limbs) (Definition)

A seizure is a symptom in which a person has a convulsion or epileptic attack, usually involving jerking movements of the head, limbs, and rest of the body. It represents abnormal brain function, and can be caused by fever (mainly in young children), by brain infections or tumors, by drug abuse or overdoses, by chemical imbalances, sleep deprivation, etc. ...Read more


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What causes spina bifida? Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury, or a chromosomal disorder?

What causes spina bifida? Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury, or a chromosomal disorder?

Spina : Spina bifida is not an injury. It is a birth defect caused by failure of the nervous system to fully develop. When the embryo is forming, the nervous system starts out as a "neural tube" that is supposed to grow in a very specific way. If it does not, you are left with "neural tube defects" like spina bifida. There is nothing we know of that causes it for sure, but certain things make it more likely. It is more common with children that have trisomy 13, 18, or 21, but that is just an association, not a cause. They are very common, and the only thing we know of that might help prevent them is for the mother to take folate (folic acid). The hard part about that is the mother has to take folate (folic acid) very early in the pregnancy, often before she even knows she is pregnant. That is why the all women of child-bearing age are advised to take at least 0.4 mg of Folic Acid every day. ...Read more

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Can you tell me the history and disease of spina bifida?

Spina bifida: Spina bifida is a disease of many manifestations with the most common being a case of lumbo sacral myelomeningocele. This is a situation where the child is born with the spinal cord exposed in the lower back. This disorder develops during pregnancy and the use of folic acid in the diet has reduced incidence quite significantly. There are several good web sites that have info available. ...Read more

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Do you deal with spina bifida?

Yes: Yes, but rarely. This condition is not common and as a family physician, i see only what comes my way. Spina bifida is usually approached in a team concept, usualy dealing with a primary care doctor (pediatrician, family physician or internest) along with physical therapist, neurologists, neuro-surgeons, physiatrist (physical medicine specialists) and a host of others. There are many issues. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what spina bifida means?

Split spine.: Spina bifida is a generic term used to describe congenital malformations of the spine (typically lower spine). It can be mild to very severe and be associated with a variety of conditions. ...Read more

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What can you tell me about spina bifida?

Spina bifida: Spina bifida is a very generic term that covers a lot of disorders of the spine that occur at birth. These can range from defects in the spinal bone to loss of the muscle and skin covering leading to herniation of the spinal cord and roots. There are a wide variety of causes known. ...Read more

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How can spina bifida impact someone's life?

To what degree?: If you are talking about spina bifida occulta, there will be no impact. If you are talking about cases with neurologic symptoms, it depends on whether lower nerve roots (sacral) are involved or if spinal cord is involved. People with spinal cord lesions are more susceptible to life-altering events than are those without. ...Read more

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How can occult spina bifida impact a persons life?

How can occult spina bifida impact a persons life?

No impact: Spina bifida occulta is manifested by a single defect: failure of the two laminae of a vertebra to achieve bony union with each other. Often times the spinous process is associated with one lamina. Rarely is the spinous process completely absent. The vertebra has normal strength, normal associated joints, ligaments, qnd disks plus no nerve root herniation or compression. Occult = symptom-free. ...Read more

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Can you tell me any thing about occult spina bifida?

Spina bifida: "occult" is a term used when the finding of spina bifida is only seen on an x-ray and it is a lack of development of a bone called the lamina in the lower lumbar spine that does not fully develop. In most cases there are usually no clinical problems associated with this x-ray finding. ...Read more

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What type of inheritance is involved in spina bifida?

What type of inheritance is involved in spina bifida?

Multifactorial: Isolated spina bifida (myelomeningocele) is a neural tube defect along with anencephaly that exhibits multifactorial determination--a combination of many genes and in utero environmental factors that cross a threshold to produce the defect. A couple having a child with spina bifida or anencephaly has a ~2% risk for each future pregnancy, a risk decreased by preconception folic acid. ...Read more

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Dr. Andrew Reeves
660 doctors shared insights

Epilepsy (Definition)

A neurological disorder where nerve cells of the brain are injured, epilepsy results in seizures that range from nearly undetectable to extremely vigorous. Epileptic seizures may occasionally result in loss of consciousness and confusion. Causes of epilepsy include genetics, head trauma, prenatal ...Read more


Dr. Edward Smith
218 doctors shared insights

Spina Bifida (Definition)

Spina bifida is a birth defect involving incomplete development of the spinal cord or its coverings. The exact cause of the condition is unknown, but a risk factor appears to be low levels of folic acid in a woman's body before ...Read more