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Doctor insights on: Sedative Hypnotics

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Sedative (Definition)

A sedative is a medication that induces calm, relaxation, and usually, decreases anxiety. Sedatives - especially at higher doses - can induce sleep. The sleep-inducing attribute is more correctly called "hypnotic". Not surprisingly, most medications produce more than one specific effect. Therefore, one sedative may dominate in the reduction of anxiety and ...Read more


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Is ativan (lorazepam) addicting?

Is ativan (lorazepam) addicting?

Yes: Ativan (lorazepam) is a benzodiazipine, this class of meds can be addicting, even small doses used over an extended period of time can be very difficult to stop. Some people take them as prescribe and find it very hard to stop, others can be more overtly addicted and continue to take higher and higher doses. In general best for short term use only. Try to avoid if history of addiction like alcohol. ...Read more

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What benzodiazepine is stronger: klonopin (clonazepam) or ativan (lorazepam)?

They differ: Klonopin (clonazepam) is longer acting but takes just slightly longer to start working. Ativan works quicker but clears from your system quicker then Klonopin (clonazepam) although it can stay in your system for a while. ...Read more

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Is Ambien (zolpidem) addictive?

Is Ambien (zolpidem) addictive?

Yes.: Dependence is possible and we see it regularly. Further, all sleep aids can cause issues with psychological dependence, and they truly change sleep architecture in unnatural ways. Ideally, these medications should not be used for more than a few weeks. ...Read more

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How to deal with benzo withdrawal (xanax, klonopin, (clonazepam) ativan, valium, etc..)?

Not fun: Usually the strategy is to slowly taper off the benzo and use a long-acting one, and sometimes it's really, really slow. Here's a trick i sometimes suggest to my patients: when your dose is pretty low, gently drag you pill across an emery board before you take it. One time the first day, two times the next, etc. That way you're very gradually cutting the dose down. Good luck and stick with it. ...Read more

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Klonopin (clonazepam) and trazodone for sleep safe?

Klonopin (clonazepam) and trazodone for sleep safe?

Yes: It is a safe combination. I can think of a number of clinical scenarios where this would be very appropriate and I have quite a few patients on this combination. ...Read more

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Do nonbenzodiazepine z drugs like lunesta (eszopiclone) and Ambien disrupt sleep architecture?

Do nonbenzodiazepine z drugs like lunesta (eszopiclone) and Ambien disrupt sleep architecture?

Yes-with chronic use: Good question. The "z drugs" disrupt sleep less than benzodiazepines but there is evidence that there is some disruption with chronic use that becomes a big problem when people try to stop taking these drugs. See http://www.Mylwi.Com/ehealth-newsletter/why-you-shouldnt-confuse-ambien-use-with-sleep/ & http://weeksmd.Com/2013/04/sleeping-pills-and-death/ & http://bit.Ly/17uogmu for details. ...Read more

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Do nonbenzodiazepines z drugs like Ambien and lunesta (eszopiclone) disrupt sleep architecture?

Do nonbenzodiazepines z drugs like Ambien and lunesta (eszopiclone) disrupt sleep architecture?

Yes: Actually, Ambien and Lunesta (eszopiclone) are benzodiazepines they have more specific activity for selective receptors directed at sedation, and have a short half life or time in your system, but they affect sleep architecture just like other benzodiazepines or alcohol, just in a milder manner. ...Read more

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Halcion (triazolam) is like ativan?

Halcion (triazolam) is like ativan?

Both are benzos: Both Halcion (triazolam) and Ativan belong to the same pharmaceutical family - benzodiazepine. They differ in their half-life, and whether their metabolizes or break down products are active. ...Read more

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Are clonazepam, lorazepam, triazolam the same drug?

Are clonazepam, lorazepam, triazolam the same drug?

Not same group: All are sedatives but are different; clonazepam (klonopin) is long-acting benzodiazepine for anxiety @12 hours). Lorazepam (ativan) is short-acting benzodiazepine for anxiety (4-6 hours). Triazolam (halcion) is hypnotic for insomnia & is short-acting. ...Read more

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Are Valium and Ambien (zolpidem) similar?

Are Valium and Ambien (zolpidem) similar?

not really: Valium (diazepam) is a benzodiazepine tranquilizer. Although it helps with sleep, it is mainly for anxiety and muscle relaxation, and can be taken during the day if prescribed that way. Ambien (zolpidem) is chemically different, only used for sleep, never during the day, and is not a tranquilizer (anxiety reducer). Valium is also habit-forming, Ambien less so (but can be too). ...Read more

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Is nitrous oxide stronger than ativan (lorazepam)?

Is nitrous oxide stronger than ativan (lorazepam)?

No: No, Ativan (lorazepam) is stronger; however, the effects of nitrous oxide are gone before you leave the dental office. ...Read more

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Why do sleep aides (benadryl, ambien, sonata (zaleplon) ,lunesta, prosom, elavil) not work for me?

Why do sleep aides (benadryl, ambien, sonata (zaleplon) ,lunesta, prosom, elavil) not work for me?

Different: Everyone is different. It also depends upon why you are having difficulty with sleep. If you suffer insomnia talk to your doctor about this. There are many medications that can be used for this disorder. ...Read more

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Is ativan (lorazepam) used for depression?

Is ativan (lorazepam) used for depression?

No: Ativan (lorazepam) is a benzodiazepine usually used for the treatment of anxiety. It may also be used to help with the anxiety symptoms sometimes associated with depression. ...Read more

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Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
2 doctors agreed:
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Rozerem (ramelteon) side effects including depression?

Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
2 doctors agreed:
Rozerem (ramelteon) side effects including depression?

Rozerem (ramelteon): Rare, mostly in susceptible individuals & on chronic use. ...Read more

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Which sedative is biggest for bi polar?Ambien, lunesta (eszopiclone) or silenor?

Lunesta (eszopiclone): Lunesta (eszopiclone) is by far the safest of the three. Ambien causes too much sleep-eating, sleep-walking, sleep talking, and even sleep driving. I have not seen any of this with lunesta (eszopiclone). Silenor is horrifically expensive for an old generic drug in low doses and is probably the closest in effect to benadryl. I don't know of anyone that has switched into mania on it, but it is a theoretical possibility. ...Read more

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Ambien (zolpidem) and claritind?

Sleepy not sneezy?: Ambien (zolpidem) will help you sleep; Claritin d will help with nasal allergy symptoms, but sometimes can cause restlessness and difficulty sleeping. ...Read more

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Restoril (temazepam) side effects?

Restoril (temazepam) side effects?

Restoril (temazepam) Side effect: may include feeling sedated, weak or dizzy. Tolerance to restoril (temazepam) is possible. Allergic reactions may occur as well as significant discontinuation symptoms. Headache, problems with sleep, disorientation or depressed mood may occur. Engaging in & then not remembering complex behaviors may occur with this medication class. ...Read more

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