Doctor insights on:
Differential: diagnosis is the term for sorting out the difference between two conditions that have overlapping symptoms. Making the type of diagnosis you seek can't be done w/out professional help. When a mental health professional makes the diagnosis, appropriate treatment can be offered. Peace and good health. ...Read more
Personality types: These are descriptions of personalities. You don't so much "have" them as "be" them. They are very similar. Neither is a social person. Both may have unusual interests and ideas and behaviors but if they are not unhappy or causing major problems for others - it is just fine. Many do well in technical and other non-public careers. These are concepts - not actual things. ...Read more
Schizotypal: Extremely eccentric thought patterns that border on psychotic/bizarre, unkempt appearance, odd clothing choices, extreme discomfort with relationships, and superstitious. Anxiety and depression that arise from this disorder are about the only aspects that can be treated, speaking very generally. Get an evaluation by a psychiatrist. Do not diagnose yourself. ...Read more
Why do you ask?: Many people have various aspects of their personalities that are components of personality disorders. That does not mean they have a personality disorder. Do you believe that you are a person with unusual ways of thinking that others find odd? What gave you this idea? The best answer will come from an evaluation with a psychiatrist or psychologist. ...Read more
DSM IV criteria: http://counsellingresource.com/lib/distress/schizophrenic/schizophrenia-dsm/schizotypal-symptoms/.Get a more detailed answer ›
Yes: Personality disorders are not necessarily mutually exclusive. It is possible to have more than one. There is evidence that schizotypal personality disorder may be more likely genetically inherited then borderline personality disorder. Borderline personality disorder on the other hand often has its origins in early childhood trauma neglect or abandonment. ...Read more
Weirdness: Schizotypal personality disorder typically features a preoccupation with magical thinking and so-called odd beliefs. Many of these beliefs are shared by a large percentage of the general public but in this case the key is the intensity and pervasiveness of the beliefs as well as the extent that they interfere with successful social interaction. It is in a continuum with schizophrenia. ...Read more
Psychotic or not!: Schizophrenia is a type of psychotic disorder characterized by symptoms, such as delusions or hallucinations, that indicate impaired contact with reality. "schizoid" and "schizotypal" refer to personality disorders (non-psychotic) with symptoms such as detachment from social relationships and other social and interpersonal deficits, beliefs, and experiences. ...Read more
Psychosis vs not: Schizophrenia is a chronic and disabling psychotic disorder that includes delusions, hallucinations, and sometimes nonsensical speech. Schizoid & schizotypal are both personality disorders, not psychotic, but probably seem odd to others. Schizoid has little interest in relationships & trouble expressing emotion; schizotypal is more odd and eccentric, & has imaginary relationships. ...Read more
Long-term pattern of thoughts and behaviors causing serious problems with relationships and work characterized by disomfort in social situations, inappropriate displays of feelings,
no close friends, odd behavior or appearance, odd beliefs, fantasies, or preoccupations, and odd speech. ...Read more
Different presentati: schizoid persons withdraw from others and isolate. Schizotypal persons act unusual. ...Read more
Big - some overlap: Schizoaffective disorder is a severe disorder involving recurring episodes of psychosis and mood problems. This can include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking along with mood symptoms including depression, mania, or mixed. Schizotypal personality is less about episodes and more about a life-long maladaptive pattern, involving social isolation and a tendency to have magical thinking. ...Read more
Can schizotypal pd trigger psychosis under great levels of anxiety and stress? Like thinking people are laughing and plotting together against him?
Schizotypal: Yes, in susceptible individuals.Get a more detailed answer ›
What is the difference between schizotypal personality disorder with psychosis and schizophrenia or delusional disorder?
Significant diff's: People with schizotypal personality are characterized by marked eccentricity in thought and behavior. Any additional psychosis is not felt to represent a primary psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia. The psychotic disorder is sometimes thought to be secondary outgrowth from the schizotypal personality disorder who has been stressed. Delusional disorder is simply an isolated delusion in the absence of a major psychosis such as schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is characterized by hallucinatory experiences, marked decrease in psychosocial function, and what are referred to as negative symptoms referring to the psycho social isolation that is experienced. ...Read more
Is it possible for someone to have both schizotypical personality disorder and narcissistic personality disorder?
Yes, but look deeper:
One can have two personality disorders, they aren't "mutually exclusive".
However you may consider looking deeper at some treatable cause of these symptoms. For example an untreated anxiety disorder or bipolar disorder can sometimes present with these types of issues, and both of these can be treated more easily than a personality disorder! ...Read more