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Mental disorder with positive, negative & cognitive sxs. A person with positive sxs loses touch with reality with hallucinations or delusions. Negative sxs: lack of pleasure; failing to take care of every day functions; losing motivation; inability to carry out plans & isolation. Cognitive symptoms could include problems focusing, memory problems or difficulty understanding what is going on.
Brain disease: As schizophrenia is developing, brain cells disappear. Eventually the person shows withdrawal, strange thinking, inappropriate emotions, perhaps hears voices, and loses much of their previous ability to function as an adult; they can be a danger to self or others. It is a cruel disease and especially hard on caregivers who feel frustrated and unappreciated; the disease is no one's fault. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Clinical exam: Schizophrenia is diagnosed by a medical expert, like a psychiatrist, who interviews the individual to identify specific thinking patterns and symptoms. It is not diagnosed until symptoms have been present for many months, because symptoms of psychosis can improve on their own. The primary symptoms to look for are evidence of bizarre delusions or hallucinations. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Abnormal thoughts: There are a number of symptoms. These include hallucinations usually auditory ( voices, sounds) bizarre thoughts and delusions held in spite of contrary evidence ( I am poisoned, space aliens are watching me etc.), inability to focus, or carry out plans. Flat affect and lack of pleasure in activities. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
It depends: Antipsychotic medications are a common and effective treatment for schizophrenia. Supportive therapies that aim to improve social functioning and promote autonomy are also an important component of treatment. The best treatment largely depends on individual differences such as the severity of the illness and the subtype of schizophrenia. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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