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Doctor insights on: Salmonella

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Dr. Heidi Fowler
183 Doctors shared insights

Salmonella (Overview)

Is a bacterium which is a cause of gastrointestinal infection presenting with fever and diarrhea for 4-7 days and is transmitted as a zoonosis, that is, directly or indirectly from an animal host such as chickens or their eggs. Only salmonella typhi is a solely human bacterium.


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What is salmonella?

What is salmonella?

Bacterial infection: Salmonella is a bacteria that can cause gastroenteritis, diarrhea, and food poisoning. Symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea for 4-7 days. Usually antibiotics are not required; the infection must simply run its course. Poor kitchen hygiene and contaminated poultry are common causes. Lizards, snakes, turtles, and birds can harbor salmonella, so wash hands after handling these pets.

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Dr. Heidi Fowler
183 Doctors shared insights

Salmonella (Overview)

Is a bacterium which is a cause of gastrointestinal infection presenting with fever and diarrhea for 4-7 days and is transmitted as a zoonosis, that is, directly or indirectly from an animal host such as chickens or their eggs. Only salmonella typhi is a solely human bacterium.


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What is salmonella from?

What is salmonella from?

Mostly animals: Most strains are normal bowel flora in a variety of animals including turtles, chickens and cattle.

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How do you get salmonella?

Contamination: Food or water contaminated by material with mostly animal excrement.

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How does salmonella spread?

Salmonella: Salmonella is usually spread by eating food which is contaminated by the feces of other animals. They can be any kind of food, but usually meat, milk, or eggs are the most common culprits. Hope that helps.

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What does salmonella eat?

Food: Salmonella does not have any specific nutrient requirements; it will "eat" the same nutrients that any other bacteria does.

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Can birds give you salmonella?

Salmonella/bird: Chicken and some birds like quil can casue salmonella.

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How does salmonella reproduce?

How does salmonella reproduce?

By binary fission: In binary fission the bacteria produces 2 genetically identical daughter cells.

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Where does salmonella come from?

Where does salmonella come from?

Food of animal origi: The principal reservoirs for salmonella include poultry, livestock, reptiles, and pets. Therefore, the major vehicle of transmission is food of animal origin, such as poultry, beef, eggs, and dairy products. Contact with infected reptile, e.g., pet turtle, is another mode of transmission.

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What is the cause of salmonella?

Salmonella bacteria: Salmonella is a bacteria. In the United States, it is the most common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella occurs in raw poultry, eggs, beef, and sometimes on unwashed fruit and vegetables. About 40, 000 cases of salmonellosis are reported in the United States annually.

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How to be careful of salmonella?

Prevention: Wash hands before food prep & after bathroom use. Don’t eat anything containing raw eggs. Cook poultry to 165 F, Pork or bee to 160 F, Eggs to 160 F. No unpasteurized milk. Wash hands after touching birds, reptiles, amphibians or animal feces.

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What are some salmonella symptoms?

Salmonella: Possible salmonella symptoms include: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (which may be bloody), musculoskeletal aches ; pains, fever, chills ; headaches. If salmonella enters the blood stream it can cause endocarditis (infection involving heart), osteomyelistis (bone infection) ; infection of brain/ spinal cord (meningitis). Salmonella can sometimes be fatal.

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How do I know if I have salmonella?

Stool culture: Symptoms include fever, chills, diarrhea, perhaps nausea and vomiting. Diarrhea may be bloody. Stool culture is required to make the diagnosis. In most cases it will resolve on its own and no treatment is necessary. Young children and the chronically ill should be treated with antibiotics.

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Can you get salmonella from a snake?

Yes: Reptiles and amphibians can carry salmonella. Wash your hands well after handling the animals or their cages, acquariums, or terrariums.

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What happens when you have salmonella?

You may have no sxs: Or become very ill. Potential sx's include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, headache, muscle aches and pain & even bloody diarrhea.

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How can you get tested for salmonella?

Salmonella infection: Through a stool sample. If a person is septic - blood can be tests.

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How is salmonella transmitted to humans?

Fecal oral route: Food or water contaminated by human or animal feces of an infected or colonized animal is the mode of spread. Failure to wash hands after touching contaminated meat products or failing to cook contaminated meat adequately allows this fecal oral route to succeed.

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Does food with salmonella look different?

Not necessarily: We all know to avoid rotten or odd-looking food. But food can look totally normal and still harbor salmonella if it wasn't cooked or stored properly.

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