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Doctor insights on: Rpe Hypertrophy

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Dr. Kathryn Ko Dr. Ko
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Mild facet hypertrophy,lig flav thickening L3-L4,mild facet hypertrophy L4-L5,moderate facet hypertrophy L5-S1.Will joints deteriorate more?Outlook?

Dr. Kathryn Ko Dr. Ko
1 doctor agreed:
Mild facet hypertrophy,lig flav thickening L3-L4,mild facet hypertrophy L4-L5,moderate facet hypertrophy L5-S1.Will joints deteriorate more?Outlook?

Spine MRI?: facets are the "joints" between the vertebra in the spine. Facet changes refer to degenerative bone process that can be a normal part of the aging process. After a certain age we all have them, me included. ...Read more

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Hypertrophy (Definition)

Hypertrophy is an increase in size of an organ or tissue, or a particular part of the body. Examples include muscle hypertrophy due to lifting weights, ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of a ventricle of the heart) due to high blood pressure or other heart disorders, or prostatic hypertrophy (enlargement of ...Read more


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What is congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigmentation epithelium?

What is congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigmentation epithelium?

It is: A very darkly pigmented lesion of the retina found during an eye exam. It is similar to a mole or nevus, but has some distinctive differences. Unlike a mole, it cannot become cancerous. It does not affect the vision and should be of no concern to you. ...Read more

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What is lumbar hypertrophic disease in facet joints and thickening of the ligamentum flavum?Mild-moderate facet hypertrophy L3-S1,lig flav thick L3-L4

What is lumbar hypertrophic disease in facet joints and thickening of the ligamentum flavum?Mild-moderate facet hypertrophy L3-S1,lig flav thick L3-L4

It means there are: Degenerative changes occurring leading to enlargement of the small joints of the spine (2at each level ) along with degenerative enlargement of a ligament that connects each segment or level of the spine that could eventually lead to an overall narrowing of the spinal canal which may lead to a condition known as spinal stenosis. Smoking, being obese & a family hx of arthritis can accelerate it. ...Read more

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Myocardial. Medium perfusion defect moderate intensity in basal mid inferior basal inferior partial reversibility. Ef54%. TID .97 abnormal redegenson.

Myocardial. Medium perfusion defect moderate intensity in basal mid inferior basal inferior partial reversibility. Ef54%. TID .97 abnormal redegenson.

Abnormal stress test: A "myocardial perfusion defect with reversibility" indicates that there is something reducing the blood supply to the heart muscle. Most commonly this would be because of atherosclerosis causing a blockage in the coronary artery. The next steps depend on the medical details. Additional testing, such as a catheter angiogram, may be needed. ...Read more

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What is: bony facet & uncovert hypertrophy & bony ridging, resultg in multi-level severe foraminal encroachment, most notb right c45, bilat c56 & c67?

What is: bony facet & uncovert hypertrophy & bony ridging, resultg in multi-level severe foraminal encroachment, most notb right c45, bilat c56 & c67?

Neck arthritis: This means that you have quite a bit of cervical spine arthritis. The nerves that exit from your spine going towards your shoulder and arms are being compressed due to the bony arthritic overgrowth. Some people who have this have no symptoms. Others can have severe neck pain and arm pain, numbness, tingling, weakness, and muscle loss. Hope this helps! ...Read more

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Is concentric left ventricular hypertrophy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy the same thing?

Is concentric left ventricular hypertrophy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy the same thing?

LVH: Concentric hypertrophy is a descriptive term for equal hypertrophy throughout the heart. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disease process. It can have concentric or asymmetric hypertrophied heart muscle. ...Read more

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Disc space narrowing & endplate spurring @ c4/5.Degen facet changs & uncovertebral joint hypertrophy contrib to neural foraminal narrowing @c3/4&c4/5?

Disc space narrowing & endplate spurring @ c4/5.Degen facet changs & uncovertebral joint hypertrophy contrib to neural foraminal narrowing @c3/4&c4/5?

Degenerative changes: What you are describing are common degenerative changes in your cervical spine. The changes can cause pressure on the nerve roots in your neck and can cause pain weakness and numbness in you neck and shoulder. This can be associated with a radiculopathy. ...Read more

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What is bilateral facet and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy?

What is bilateral facet and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy?

Degeneration: Hypertropy of the facets and ligamentum flavum refers to the expansion of these structures in the setting of degeneration. These can cause stenosis (narrowing) with compromise of the nerves going to the legs, as well as back pain. ...Read more

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C5/6residual rparacentral disc osteophyte complex mild flatening & indent anterior aspect of cord-surgery with anterior fixation&fusion 2fix-soreneck?

C5/6residual rparacentral disc osteophyte complex mild flatening & indent anterior aspect of cord-surgery with anterior fixation&fusion 2fix-soreneck?

Hard to say: The treatment options for someone with the MRI findings you are describing are based also on the degree of problem you have had with it and also with the understanding that many people can respond to nonoperative care. That being said, an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is the time tested surgery for that condition and is reasonably safe and effective. Thank you for your question. ...Read more

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Treatments for hypertrophy flavum in facet joints ?

Treatments for hypertrophy flavum in facet joints ?

You may need: facet joint injections, radiofrequency ablation and even things like platelet rich plasma, prolotherapy or even stem cell therapies. Try to find a physician that does all of these to get the most options for treatment for you. ...Read more

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What does multilevel ligamentum flavum hypertrophy and facet arthropathy mean?

What does multilevel ligamentum flavum hypertrophy and facet arthropathy mean?

Degenerative changes: OBernstein,

These are descriptive terms usually found in an MRI or CT report to characterize the condition of your spine. The ligamentum flavum helps connect spinal segments and overlies the spinal cord. The facet joints are in the posterior portion of the spinal column and can show degenerative changes like all other joints in the body. Facet joint issues are a common cause of back pain. ...Read more

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What does hypokinesia of intraventricular septum apical.Concentric remodeling of the left ventricle w/segmental wall motion abnormality mean?

What does hypokinesia of intraventricular septum apical.Concentric remodeling of the left ventricle w/segmental wall motion abnormality mean?

Consequences: Description is very typical reflection for consequences of long term uncontrolled high cholesterol and blood pressure. I also guess that you might have had heart attack in past. (silent infarct?). Practically this mean that your heart is no longer as efficient pumping blood through your body as it used to be. You definitely need to be under care and see your doctor regularly to avoid worsening. ...Read more

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What is facet hypertrophy with 2 mm anterolisthesis?

What is facet hypertrophy with 2 mm anterolisthesis?

Malalignment: Degeneration of the spine occurs typically with some disk dehydration followed by facet joint enlargement (hypertrophy). In some patients this will lead to joint capsule laxity allowing the vertebrae to slide forward on the vertebrae below. This is called an anterolisthesis or spondylolisthesis. ...Read more

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Circumferential disc bulges with posterior central annular tear at lv3-lv4 and lv4-lv5 intervertebral disc levels causing narrowing of both lateral re?

Symptoms?: These findings may or may not be responsible for your symptoms which are not listed but presumed to be pain. Your doctor will correlate these findings with your symptoms and physical exam to help identify the pain generator as best as possible after which time a directed treatment plan can be formulated. ...Read more

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What is mild levoscoliosis,mild ligamentum flavum and facet hypertrophy at the L5-S1 level?

What is mild levoscoliosis,mild ligamentum flavum and facet hypertrophy at the L5-S1 level?

Levoscoliosis: is a curvature of the spine to the left. The other findings you mention are related to mild degenerative arthritis of the facet joints of the spine. ...Read more

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Subcapsular and capsular arterial phase enhancement of liver. Focal capsular retraction @inferior rt hepatic tip along lateral margin. Layman's terms?

Subcapsular and capsular arterial phase enhancement of liver. Focal capsular retraction @inferior rt hepatic tip along lateral margin. Layman's terms?

See hepatologist: Arterial enhancement means that the area is dependent of arterial blood, usually meaning some type of inflammation or malignancy. Retraction means that the capsule of the liver is indented, concerning for scarring or cancer. With a definable mass, this would be concerning and necessitate a liver biopsy or repeat scan in a few months. See a liver specialist. ...Read more