Doctor insights on:
Rhematic Heart Disease
Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more
Coronary disease/CAD: CAD can lead to weakened or poorly functioning heart muscle. The mitral valve is anchored to that muscle and will leak if CAD is severe enough. Rheumatic heart disease can lead to valve stenosis due to calcification, but has become less likely in the era of antibiotics. Also, being born with a bicuspid aortic valve (normally 3 cusps) can lead to calcification and narrowing at 50-60 years of age. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes.: Coronary heart disease can be serious. However, with modern understanding it can be managed. Drugs like Aspirin can reduce heart attack. Additionally drugs like Plavix (clopidogrel) have been shown to decrease this further. Statin medications can reduce risk for rupture of the plaque which is the precursor step for a sudden heart attack. Additional medications are also helpful in reducing the impact of cad. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Generally yes: With aging, other factors become superimposed such as onset of coronary disease, hypertension, and senescent changes in diastolic function. Moreover, the involved valve itself may gradually deteriorate. The net effect is often progressive worsening but this may not be noticed since people tend to slow down and do less activity as they age. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the relationship between coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease and ischemic heart disease?
Rheumatic disease: In a sense, yes. You get a strep pharyngitis infection that creates millions of antibodies to fight the infection. Some of those antibodies can turn rogue and recognize a component of the heart valves as foreign, leading to an immunologic attack on the heart valves. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Unknwon.: Although there have been suggestive studies that showed coronary plaque regression, most data is focused on plaque stabilization. As long as the plaque is stable and the symptoms controlled, it is not essential that we "revers" atherosclerosis. In the future, cetp modifying drugs may prove to reverse plaque. Only time will tell. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Continuum: Coronary disease develops from our lifestyle and as we age real blockage develops in some or all coronary vessels. One or more plaques disrupt and obstruct. If adequate collateral pathways exist may just vagus transient angina or pain. Angina is pain without damage. If not adequate flow, or collateral, acute myocardial infarction- heart attack occurs and that is "damage". Heart failure may follow. ...Read more
What is the relationship between coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, and ischemic heart disease?
All related: Ischemic heart disease is caused by coronary artery disease. Some people call coronary artery disease coronary heart disease. When a coronary artery closes up, the heart tissie it supplied may die and that is called a heart attack. The dead heart tissue scars down, when there is a lot of damaged tissue the heart may start failing and that is called ischemic heart disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cause: The symptoms will feel the same but the cause could be quite different. When the heart is not getting enough blood, it relaxes poorly after each heart beat. This can cause shortness of breath. In advanced stages, blocked heart arteries cause heart damage, pumping dysfunction, and heart failure. Valve disease can cause relaxation problems and heart damage as well despite normal circulation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Close: The way i define it is that cardiovascular disease refers to the present of plaque (arterial disease) in the arteries of the heart. Ischemic heart disease means that the disease in the arteries has now decreased the blood flow to the heart and is affecting how it functions. Ischemic heart disease is a subset of cardiovascular disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
In large part, no.: There are inherited factors that will make a person at high risk for heart disease (atherosclerotic disease). These include abnormal cholesterol profile, diabetes mellitus, family history of heart disease at young age, essential hypertension. So-called environmental factors, such as smoking, obesity, chronic stress, are also important. Aging starts in your twenties. Start a healthy lifestyle today. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Rheumatic fever : People who get acute rheumatic fever secondary to streptococcal pharyngitis are the recipients of rheumatic heart disease. During ARF patients get pancarditis, an inflammatory process which involves all layers of the heart tissues and which can produce differing degrees of permanent damage. ...Read more