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Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Depends on stage: Chemotherapy is never used for stage 1 cancers (early). It is sometimes used in stage 2 cancers (early but more advanced than stage 1). Chemotherapy is definitely beneficial in stage 3 cancers (locally advanced) and in stage 4 cancers (distant spread). ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Are carcinoid tumors carcinoma? Is malignant metastatic stomach carcinoma that's hereditary a carcinoid cancer? carcinoid Neuroendocrine tumors?
Related to spread: Metastatic refers to a cancer that has spread from the original site that it originated from to a more distant site in the body. For example, if a woman had ovarian cancer and it spread to the lungs then this would be consider metastatic disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
In theory, prostate cancer cells can spread anywhere in the body: In practice, though, most cases of prostate cancer metastasis occur in the lymph nodes and the bones. Prostate cancer metastasis occurs when cells break away from the tumor in the prostate. The cancer cells can travel through the lymphatic system or the bloodstream to other areas of the body. More commonly prostate cancer metastasis can occur in the: Bones, Lymph nodes, Lungs, Liver, Brain. Rare locations of prostate cancer metastasis include: Adrenal glands, Breasts, Eyes, Kidneys, Muscles, Pancreas, Salivary glands, Spleen. If you've been diagnosed with prostate cancer and you're concerned about prostate cancer metastasis, talk with your doctor about your risk of prostate cancer metastasis and your treatment options. ...Read more
Unfortunately: Metastatic disease (also known as stage 4) is usually not curable by todays treatments. Although use of chemotherapy may improve survival and may rarely put someone into a temporary remission the disease usually returns or more often does not go away and eventually progresses and the patient will eventually succumb to it. ...Read more
Many rt. Paratracheal/mediastinal, bilateral hilar nodes consistent w/metastasis. Right subcarinal metastatic node mass 3cm. Max suv 9.1. Lung cancer?
Needs Biopsy: Is there a known primary cancer? If not, you will need a biopsy of one of the nodes. Your doctor may suggest a mediastinoscopy and biopsy to get a tissue specimen. There are other causes of mediastinal node enlargement such as infection and sarcoidosis so it is important to make a definite diagnosis. Good luck. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Hepatocellular carcinoma.All spleen and partial liver resection.Later,secondary systemic cancer metastasis.any targeted therapy or immunotherapy?
Yes, for both: Hepatocellular Carcinoma is commonly treated with Sorafenib which is a type of targeted therapy. This is a good choice of treatment in case you have not yet received this drug. Immunotherapy using PD-1 inhibitors has also shown some modest evidence of benefit although it is not yet FDA approved for this indication. Ask your oncologist to guide your treatment further. ...Read more
Can stage 1a endometrial cancer (removed) spread to mediastinal, bilateral hilar and virchow's node w/o infiltrating another organ?
Yes but: It could possibly spread to local lymph node but the chances are very low. The lymph nodes that are in thoracic cavity are even less likely to contain metastatic tumor from a stage 1a endometrial cancer, especially if it's a garden variety low grade lesion. In fact, long term survival is very good, like 95%. The other 5% may represent very high grade tumors. ...Read more
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