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Doctor insights on: Retinitis Pigmentosa Causes

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Could retinitis pigmentosa cause heterochromia?

Could retinitis pigmentosa cause heterochromia?

Heterochromia of the: iris is not directly associated with RP. If the iris is affected it is usually due to an iritis (which can occur with RP). If you do notice lightening of the iris with your RP you should go to your ophthalmologist immediately since an untreated iritis can cause permanent damage. ...Read more

Retinitis Pigmentosa (Definition)

An eye disease in which the back wall inside the ...Read more


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Can retinitis pigmentosa cause blindness?

Can retinitis pigmentosa cause blindness?

Retinal Chip: Retinitis pigmentosa is a group of inherited disorders that cause degeneration of the retina and vision loss. Depending on the type, some vision can be retained throughout life, in other cases, not.. There is a new retinal implant which restores crude central vision( argus ii) for those who are blind from rp. ...Read more

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Can retinitis pigmentosa always cause complete blindness?

Can retinitis pigmentosa always cause complete blindness?

Not always: While the majority of rp patients lose enough function to be legally blind, few go to complete blindness. Some retain much useful vision later in life. The pattern is variably and the genetics are still being studied to try and identify which is which in advance. ...Read more

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What is retinitis pigmentosa?

What is retinitis pigmentosa?

Rare: Rare group of inherited (all types) retinal disease leading to blindness over years due to photoreceptor loss / cell death from various specific protein mutations affecting the retina and retinal pigment epithelium. ...Read more

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What is retinitis pigmentosa?

What is  retinitis pigmentosa?

Hereditary condition: It is a complex combination of hereditary conditions that affect the photoreceptors. Its a degenerative process that can be caused by a number of mutations and depending on the type, vision loss can begin as early as soon after birth to as late as in your middle age. Sometimes vision loss can be mild enough that you may not realize you have it. ...Read more

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How many types of retinitis pigmentosa...

Three: There are three basic types that differ on their inheritance pattern (sex linked, recessive and autosomal dominate) and severity the recessive the most severe and the auto dom the least. ...Read more

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What's the hereditary pattern for retinitis pigmentosa?

What's the hereditary pattern for retinitis pigmentosa?

It varies: Retinitis pigmentosa, or rp for short, can be caused by mutations in about 3 dozen different genes. Depending on the gene involved for a particular family, the inheritance can be dominant, recessive, x linked, digenic, or mitochondrial. Complicated! your family history and a thorough medical evaluation are the most important tools for figuring out the inheritance pattern what genes to test. ...Read more

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What causes juvenile cataracts or macular degeneration?

What causes juvenile cataracts or macular degeneration?

Juvenile cataracts: Congenital cataract: during pregnancy, mom has infection (ie measles/rubella (the most common cause), rubeola, chicken pox, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, poliomyelitis, influenza, Epstein-Barr virus, syphilis, toxoplasmosis. Juvenile: include, prior trauma, infection, inflammation, JRA. Macular degener: gene mutation-> Stargardt's disease, Best disease, and juvenile retinoschisis ...Read more

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What causes macular degeneration?

What causes macular degeneration?

Genetics: The predisposition for macular degeneration is inherited. It is a very complex disease with several, if not many genetic mutations contributing to risk. Additionally, there are other health factors that modulate disease risk. Most importantly nutrition, but also life style (smoking=bad), etc. Rule of thumb: if something is thought to be good for the heart, it probably also reduces amd risk. ...Read more

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What causes Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

What causes Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Aging: There is still no clear single cause for Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). It is a disease of geriatric. The incident is highest among those over 70. Genetic may play a role. Smoking has been shown to increase the risk of progression of the disease. Other conditions have also been cited such as cardiovascular disease. ...Read more

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Does retinitis pigmentosa lead to light sensitivity?

Yes.: Light sensitivity, particularly for bright or glaring light, is common with rp. Other symptoms can include night blindness, decreased peripheral vision, decreased central vision, slow adjustment from dark to light (and vice versa), and blurred vision. ...Read more

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Does retinitis pigmentosa always lead to complete blindness?

Does retinitis pigmentosa always lead to complete blindness?

Not all: There are different forms but not all lead to complete blindness. There is nor real cure. The disease progresses at different rates ...Read more

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What causes albinism?

What causes albinism?

No: Oculocutaneous albinism is a genetic defect of the enzyme in our body that produces melanin. There are no cures or treatments for this genetic condition. ...Read more

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What causes cataracts?

What causes cataracts?

Time: Most cataracts are caused by age related degeneration in the proteins in the lens of the eye. This degeneration causes the lens to lose its transparency. Cataract formation can be accelerated by trauma, steroids and other medications, diabetes, smoking, excessive ultraviolet light exposure and some other things. See your eye doctor if you suspect cataracts. ...Read more

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Are there any treatments for the eye condition 'retinitis pigmentosa ?

No: But regular eye exams are warranted to surveil against treatable complications such as cataract and macular edema. Also, multiple new and exciting clinical research trials are underway for this group of diseases (there are dozens of kinds of rp) including gene therapy. ...Read more

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Are vision defects hereditary?

Are vision defects hereditary?

Depends on type: Color vision defect is usually hereditary but can be affected by various meds including some anti-inflammatories, cancer agents, blood pressure meds, pr even aftergastric bypass. In addition recreational drugs can also be problematic. There are other eye diseases that can cause defects. ...Read more

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Is there a cure for retinitis pigmentosa or nightblindness?

Is there a cure for retinitis pigmentosa or nightblindness?

No: Retinitis pigmentosa (rp) is a defect in the lining tissue under the retina called the retinal pigment epithelium (rpe). It can be hereditary or sporadic , affect males or females, be found alone or with hearing or other neurological abnormalities. Treatment options are still experimental involving stem cell implantation, or gene therapy but none of these treatments are available yet to the public. ...Read more

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What causes blindness?

What causes blindness?

Long list: Blindness can be legal (20/200 or less) or absolute (cannot see light even). Eyes can inherit problems, get infected, traumatized and develop a host of diseases which can lower the vision such as diabetes, glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, etc. Take your pick. ...Read more

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How was retinitis pigmentosa discovered?

In error: The original disease was described in europe due to the profound visual loss. The scattering of pigment reminded the eyedocs of pigment seen in syphilitic retinal disease, and so it was called "retinitis" indicating an inflammatory, possibly infectious origin. Only later was it found to be hereditary with many forms and progressions. ...Read more

Dr. Stephen Scholand
59 doctors shared insights

Retinitis (Definition)

Inflammation or infection of the retina- ...Read more