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Doctor insights on: Renal Failure Acute Vs Chronic

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What is acute renal failure?

What is acute renal failure?

Acute renal failure: This is when your kidneys abruptly stop working or greatly slow down in their ability to clean the blood of things that you body does not need..Many substances normally removed by the kidney are potentially harmful if they build up in your blood. Examples of this are too much acid, potentially harmful byproducts of drugs you are taking, and the end products of protein metabolism. ...Read more

Dr. Tarek Naguib
623 doctors shared insights

Kidney Failure (Definition)

A condition in which the kidneys lose the ability to remove ...Read more


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What is chronic renal failure?

What is chronic renal failure?

Lab testing: A creatinine clearance number of less the 10 generally determines renal failure. This number is calculated by your age, weight and sex. Not all people with ckd need dialysis right away. This is determined by symptoms associated with renal failuire like high potassium, volume overload(edema and difficulty breathing), itching, poor appetite, other "uremic" symptoms. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and acute renal insufficiency?

What is the difference between acute renal failure and acute renal insufficiency?

Acute renal failure: Failure means kidneys stopped completely. Insufficiency not completely gone but not normal. ...Read more

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Does renal cell carcinoma lead to chronic renal failure?

Does renal cell carcinoma lead to chronic renal failure?

Not necessarily: Only if both the kidneys have to be removed if cancer on both sides. If only one kidney or a part of kidney only is removed and the remaining kidney is healthy dialysis is not required. ...Read more

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What is the difference between chronic renal failure and chronic renal insufficiency?

What is the difference between chronic renal failure and chronic renal insufficiency?

Terminology: Many physicians including nephrologists will use the terms chronic renal failure, chronic renal insufficiency, and chronic kidney disease interchangeably. Some will use the term "insufficiency" when the chronicity or the severity of the renal disease is not clear but in most instances, they are synonymous. ...Read more

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Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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What is metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure from?

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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What is metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure from?

Unable to remove: Metabolic acidosis is a constituent of renal failure, arising mainly from the inability of kidney to remove excess acids in blood. ...Read more

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How are acute and chronic kidney failure different?

How are acute and chronic kidney failure different?

Acute: recent: In gral. "acute" means of "recent" origen, and "chronic" means "old" or less recent. Some classifications use 6 months for "subacute". Chronic renal failure is insidious and depends upon the cause and how fast it gets worst. Acute renal failure usually is caused by low fluid volume in the body either dehydration or bleeding or it may be caused by toxins (poison, medications , dye contrast). ...Read more

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What causes acute kidney failure?

What causes acute kidney failure?

Toxic insults: Low blood pressure, interruption of blood flow, obstruction of urine flow, drug allergies, toxic drugs, autoimmune disease, heart failure, chronic liver disease, sepsis, underlying problems such as diabetes and myeloma increase the chance for renal failure. There are many causes, most are evident upon inspection of the patient, this requires expert attention and action to reverse the process. ...Read more

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How is chronic kidney failure typically diagnosed?

How is chronic kidney failure typically diagnosed?

Urine and blood test: When visiting your primary care doctor, the doctor can perform simple urine and blood test to rule out chronic kidney problems. The doctor can check your urine for protein or your creatinine on your blood tests to rule out kidney problems. Chronic kidney problems occure more commonly in patients with diabetes and hypertension. ...Read more

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What is acute vs chronic pancreatitis?

What is acute vs chronic pancreatitis?

Temporary vs.: Permanent damage. Both are mostly due to alcohol abuse and gall stones. Acute pancreatitis may resolve without permanent damage to the organ, whereas chronic pancreatitis by definition is diagnosed when there is permanent damage to the organ. ...Read more

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What is a common predisposing factor for pre-renal acute renal failure post-operatively?

Surgery: Blood loss, inadequate volume resuscitation, excess diuretics, poor PO in take. Any thing that removes fluid from the body or reduces renal blood flow, such as low cardiac output. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and acute tubular necrosis?

Here are some...: Acute renal failure is a general term denoting kidneys not able to good enough to manage water and electrolytes due to acute conditions such as shocks from various reasons, and acute tubular necrosis denotes what can be seen in kidney tissue under microscopic exam if biopsy is done, but not necessary for almost all cases. Clinically, they all tell us kidneys not working enough from acute causes. ...Read more

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Hi, is the metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure fatal ?

Acidosis: The simple answer is yes. However, the amount of acid has to be very high for that to happen. High amounts of acid in the blood interfere with many, if not all, biologic processes in the human body such as the effect of Insulin lowering blood sugar, the normal metabolism of proteins and fats that are essential for life, and even normal heart beat, just to name a few. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and end-stage renal failure?

Renal failure: Acute renal failure: seen in a healthy person who develops an illness (e.g. hemolytic uremic syndrome [in children] or septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction) that leads to renal failure. Often it resolves. End-stage renal disease implies that the problem has been there for weeks/months, is not going to resolve and the person may need kidney transplant ...Read more

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Which disease is more fatal: chronic bronchitis or chronic kidney disease (stage 4)?

Which disease is more fatal: chronic bronchitis or chronic kidney disease (stage 4)?

Chronic bronchitis: Well- I came up with the answer because breathing is quintessential for life. Not that kidneys are any less important but your question was what could be more fatal. If you were to ask what could be more debilitating or what could compromise quality of life more-- it has to be CKD stage 4. They are yet to invent dialyzersctgat you could carry in your purse like an inhaler. ...Read more

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Which disease is more fatal: chronic bronchitis or chronic kidney disease (stage 4)?

Which disease is more fatal: chronic bronchitis or chronic kidney disease (stage 4)?

Depends on severity: Neither disease is fatal if they are stable. However, stage 4 kidney disease tends to worsen to stage 5 disease which can be fatal. The worsening bronchitis depends on the cause (for example, common bacterial infection versus TB or not receiving the right antibiotics). Kidney disease is more likely than bronchitis to worsen without good compliance with medicines and diet and is more serious. ...Read more

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Which disease is more fatal: chronic bronchitis or chronic kidney disease (stage 4)?

Which disease is more fatal: chronic bronchitis or chronic kidney disease (stage 4)?

Depend: Both diseases could be fatal depending on patient has other medical conditions or not because it involving two vital organs - lung and kidney. You will die without either one. ...Read more

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What is chronic renal parenchymal disease ?

What is chronic renal parenchymal disease ?

Renal disease: Chronic renal parenchymal (P) disease refers to damage to the renal parenchyma, as opposed to the renal blood vessels. Before this condition can be treated, the underlying cause of the kidney damage must be determined, as this can dictate which treatment regimen is most appropriate. HBP and diabetes are some of the causes of P. ...Read more