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Doctor insights on: Renal Dialysis And The Kidney

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Is the whole kidney affected by chronic kidney failure?

Is the whole kidney affected by chronic kidney failure?

Yes: Chronic kidney disease eventually involves the whole kidney. Disorders may start out in one location, but over time the kidney's adaptive processes lead to damage of all glomeruli and tubules. ...Read more

Dr. Quresh Khairullah
523 doctors shared insights

Dialysis (Definition)

Simple answer is that it is a medical technology used primarily to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Hemodialysis remove wastes and excess water from the blood by circulating blood outside the body through an external filter, called a dialyzer. Blood and dialysate flow through in opposite directions and the ...Read more


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What is the endstage serum creatinine of kidney nephritis patients?

What is the endstage serum creatinine of kidney nephritis patients?

See below: The serum creatinine level which requires dialysis is based on calculation of the gfr, as persons with different weight, sex and race may have have different GFR even with same serum creatinine.Generally speaking when GFR is below 10-15 and patients are symptomatic they need dialysis. ...Read more

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Protein needs, renal disease and ulcer, not on dialysis?

Protein needs, renal disease and ulcer, not on dialysis?

Complex: Skin ulcerations require adequate circulation and nutrition to heal. Protein restriction is not appropriate in this circumstance. ...Read more

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Can a large kidney angiomyolipma affect my actual kidney and kidney function?

Can a large kidney angiomyolipma affect  my actual kidney and kidney function?

Usually not: The main risk is of bleeding within the tumor itself as it happens with persons who have a condition called tuberous sclerosis. Other than that if just occupies space but does not disturb the function of the organ. ...Read more

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What is the difference kidney calculus and kidney calculi?

What is the difference kidney calculus and kidney calculi?

"Calculi": is the plural of "calculus", so the former implies multiple kidney stones, and the latter a single stone. ...Read more

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What are the differences and similarities between kidney dialysis and in-vivo kidney functions?

What are the differences and similarities between kidney dialysis and in-vivo kidney functions?

Not the same: Dialysis removes about 80% of the impurities that build up, but not all of them as would a normal kidney. The kidney is more of a selective filter. The normal kidney also produces hormones--small molecules, that aid in things such red blood cell formation, and calcium metabolism. ...Read more

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Is jaundice in renal failure patients and indication of liver failure as well?

Is jaundice in renal failure patients and indication of liver failure as well?

Many causes: Many potential causes of jaundice but not renal failure alone and haudice does not equate to liver failure causes and be meds, viral, infection, gallstones , etc extensive lab and ultrasound or cat scan would be needed to determine cause. ...Read more

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Does kidney failure in small children mean dialysis?

Does kidney failure in small children mean dialysis?

It depends: Acute, reversible kidney failure in a child does not always result in dialysis. Chronic, non-reversible renal failure will likely result in dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is preferred for a variety of reasons. Finally, renal transplant asap is the ultimate preferred treatment for children who are on dialysis. Children need to grow and getting a transplant is their best hope to see that happen. ...Read more

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What causes kidney disease and the subsequently need for dialysis?

What causes kidney disease and the subsequently need for dialysis?

Lots of causes: There are many causes for chronic kidney disease (ckd). Most common that i see for patients that need dialysis access are diabetes and poorly controlled high blood pressure. Another fairly common one is an inherited condition called polycystic kidney disease. Other causes include immunologic diseases which attack the kidneys, and anatomic problems that cause blockage of the kidneys. ...Read more

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What is the ratio of failed kidney transplants to total kidney transplants?

What is the ratio of failed kidney transplants to total kidney transplants?

Less than 10%: The question is about survival, which is usually measured as percentage of surviving (not failed) kidneys transplanted after a time period, usually one year. Kidney transplant survival after one year is routinely in the 90% range. It depends on the type of kidney transplant (living donor vs deceased donor) the quality of the donor kidney and the health of the transplant recipient. ...Read more

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Dialysis shunt and dialysis fistula the same?

Dialysis shunt and dialysis fistula the same?

No: A shunt, or graft, is a piece of synthetic tubular material inserted under the skin that dialysis needles insert directly into. A fistula is a connection of your own artery to a vein. Needles are then placed into the vein when the wall thickness matures. ...Read more

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In case of kidney transplant due to chronic kidney failure, which donated kidney is preferred: living related or living unrelated kidney?

In case of kidney transplant due to chronic kidney failure, which donated kidney is preferred: living related or living unrelated  kidney?

Depends: Depends on hla typing. Living better than cadaver transplant. More close to your hla type, weather related or unrelated, the better. You have a better chance of closer hla typing in related people. ...Read more

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Can acute kidney failure recover even if the the kidney shrunk and has igan?

Can acute kidney failure recover even if the the kidney shrunk and has igan?

Not likely: Once the kidney has become smaller there is scar tissue within that represents irreversible damage, regardless of which disease is involved. If some kidney function returns it is not likely to be normal and careful attention to preservation of the amount that is retained will be extremely important. ...Read more

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Is Kidney shrinkage kidney failure?

Is Kidney shrinkage kidney failure?

Not necessarily: The shrinking of the kidney can lead to decreased kidney function (kidney failure) but there are two kidneys and if one decreased function the other kidney will step up to the task. It needs to be clear why one kidney shrank. This is a guide to the diagnosis and the therapy. Some illness actually cause both kidney to shrink. Your function will help clarify your diagnosis. ...Read more

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The amount of urea going in the kidneys through the renal artery?

The amount of urea going in the kidneys through the renal artery?

Depends: The amount of urea that goes to the kidneys is a function of the concentration of urea in the blood. If the concentration is high then the amount of urea will be high as well. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute renal failure and end-stage renal failure?

What is the difference between acute renal failure and end-stage renal failure?

Renal failure: Acute renal failure: seen in a healthy person who develops an illness (e.g. hemolytic uremic syndrome [in children] or septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction) that leads to renal failure. Often it resolves. End-stage renal disease implies that the problem has been there for weeks/months, is not going to resolve and the person may need kidney transplant ...Read more

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Is a kidney transplant necessary to save the other kidney?

Is a kidney transplant necessary to save the other kidney?

Purpose of Renal Tx: When a person has renal failure, it is not just one kidney but both kidneys that have inadequate function. Therefore, a new kidney is needed to assume enough kidney function so that excess electrolytes (potassium, phosphorus) and fluids can be excreted. ...Read more

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Can diabetes cause renal failure and what are the symptoms of kidney failure?

Can diabetes cause renal failure and what are the symptoms of kidney failure?

Definitely: Diabetes is the number cause of renal fialure by far. So controlling your diabetes would mean avoiding renal failure. Individuals with chronic renal failure tend to have no generalized symptoms. However as the renal failure progresses, a person can feel sluggish, fatigue, nause, vomiting and lose of appetite. ...Read more

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What is kidney transplantation surgery like for the recipient of the kidney?

What is kidney transplantation surgery like for the recipient of the kidney?

Well tolerated: Since the placement of the transplanted kidney is superficial in the above the groin area in the lower abdomen, the surgery is easier than the donor's surgery and has a short healing time. Usually the recipient leaves the hospital before the donor in the living-donor transplant. The newly placed kidney starts making urine usually in the operating room after being connected. ...Read more

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Kidney (Definition)

The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more