Doctor insights on:
Removal Of A Gland Behind The Thyroid Gland
It is an endocrine gland which produces thyroxin hormone which controls the metabolism in every cell in the body.It produces 80 to 90%t4 and 10 to 20 %t3. These control rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of functions of many cells in the body it is ...Read more
Thyroid cyst: If the ultrasound and needle aspiration reveal only a thyroid cyst, it does not require surgery. Cysts can sometimes get bigger or smaller, but as long as it is not so large as to bother you, your endocrinologist can just watch it with a periodic ultrasound. ...Read more
Mild enlargement of the right thyroid lobe without discrete nodules. There is a homogeneous appearance to the echotexture of the thyroid gland. ????
Sebaceous Gland: The sebaceous glands are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair. When they grow abnormally they can form sebaceous cysts. ...Read more
Not necessarily: Many hypodense nodules of the thyroid are benign. ...Read more
Depends: Hi. Goiter (abnormal size/shape of thyroid) can occur with hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and euthyroidism. Broadly, goiter results from autoimmunity, benign tumors, or cancers. If you see an endocrinologist, this will be sorted out. You have Dr. Michael McDermott right there at CU School of Med, a great doc. Good luck! ...Read more
Make sure: Your thyroid function is tested and treated if abnormal. Have someone review the ultrasound; unless it is very tiny, you probably need a needle biopsy. Make sure a serum thyroglobulin has been drawn as a potential tumor marker, thyroid cancer is not common, but it is always better to err on the side of safety. ...Read more
How do I differentiate the mandibular gland and lymph node? Is the gland directly above the neck pulse the mandibular gland?
It may be hard.: You should be checked, you may have a difficult time discerning between a lymph node or the submandibular gland. If you can simultaneously palpate with one hand the floor of your mouth and the other hand your neck on the same side. You may be able to compress the gland between the two hands. That is one way to feel the submandibular gland. But if you are worried get checked. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
In front of neck: The thyroid gland is in the front of the neck, near the "adam's apple." however, there are salivary glands and lymph nodes in your upper neck and jaw area. ...Read more
What parts of the adrenal gland are controled by the pituitary gland? I read that there are three parts of the adrenal gland.
The adrenal: cortex, or outer portion, is mostly controlled by the pituitary, and predominately produces cortisone, aldosterone and some sex hormones. The inner portion, or medulla, is regulated by blood pressure, nervous stimulation, emotions, etc. and produces epinephrine, norepinephrine and some other lesser hormones. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Multifunctional: Very briefly, the adrenal gland can be divided between the cortex and medulla. The cortex makes a variety of hormones which control salt balance, cortisol, and androgens. The medulla primarily secretes norepinephrine and epinephrine. Functions of medulla and cortex are completely different as are the way their hormones are made and how they work. ...Read more
131 radiation for thyroid cancer caused problems in my parotid gland. Fna reveals cyst AND tumor of partoid gland. What should I do. Remove or watch?
Benign tumor?: Hi. I'm sorry about the parotid gland; usually the lemon drops during the therapy period prevent that. I am assuming it's not a malignant tumor, or your doc would have already told you it needs to come out (I've never seen sialadenitis from 131-I cause cancer). Confer with the ENT surgeon you're seeing about risks vs. benefits of removal. Good luck! ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
MEN II or Graves dis: In multiple endocrine neoplasia type ii patients can have medullary thyroid cancer and adrenaline secreting tumors. This is a rare familial syndrome. Thyroid hormone excess (graves or hyperthyroidism) makes patients more responsive to their own adrenaline. This why hyperthyroid patients are started on inderal, (propranolol) a beta blocker. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: After partial removal, the remaining thyroid will grow. If this thyroid remnant is healthy, it can easily make enough thyroid hormone to keep your blood levels normal, but on exam it may be enlarged. If the original surgery was for a "nodule", then this enlarging thyroid remnant can create concern/confusion: is it normal physiologic expansion, or another nodule? Check with your endocrinologist. ...Read more
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