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Doctor insights on: Refeeding Syndrome

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What is antiphospolipid syndrome (hughes syndrome)?

What is antiphospolipid syndrome (hughes syndrome)?

Antiphospholipids: An autoimune disorder characterized by antibodies to certain phopholipids that predisposes to clotting problmes and pregnancy complications. A certain percentage will develop into systemic lupus. ...Read more

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What is "dumping syndrome?

What is "dumping syndrome?

Dumping syndrome: It's the nausea, cramping, diarrhea, and dizziness that happens after food passes too quickly out of the stomach and into the small intestine. It's often associated with gastric bypass surgery. The symptoms can happen immediately after eating or up to a few hours afterwards. ...Read more

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What are frey syndrome, horner's syndrome and shy-drager syndrome?

What are frey syndrome, horner's syndrome and shy-drager syndrome?

What do they have in: They all have abnormalities of autonomics and other nervous sytem problems. ...Read more

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What is prader willi syndrome?

What is prader willi syndrome?

A genetic disorder: Usually from a deletion of a gene on the chromosome 15 inherited from the father, it can also come from having both chr 15's from the mother or both acting as if they came from mother. Infants have low muscle tone & trouble gaining weight; food craving & weight gain start about 18 mos. They have congenital anomalies, intellectual disability, compulsive behavior, & medical problems due to obesity. ...Read more

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What's turner syndrome?

What's turner syndrome?

45 X/0 Pattern: At conception, one half of a set of 46 (23pairs) chromosomes (cms) is brought from egg & sperm.If the combination is missing one x of the sex cms, a female is born with 45 instead of 46 cms, to reflect the loss.The lost cms can effect every cell in the body, resulting in a variety of heart, kidney, brain or other problems. It also may cause no specific problem & not be noticed until lat childhood. ...Read more

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Is prader willi syndrome hereditary?

Not typically: Prader willi is most commonly a random genetic abnormality that occurs early in development of fetus. There is usually no history of the disease in the family. ...Read more

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What's reye syndrome?

What's reye syndrome?

Acute liver failure: Recognized in the early 60's this pattern of acute liver failure/coma & death often struck kids recovering from the flu or chickenpox. After improving they went through a rapid decline in aleartness & were found to have liver failure.An association with Aspirin products led to almost total elimination it it's use in kids<16yo. It is now rarely if ever seen even at the largest children's hospitals. ...Read more

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Whats compartment syndrome?

Whats compartment syndrome?

CS: It is a very severe and serious condition that can result in nerve and muscle damage if not treated. It results from pressure on those tissues, often from fracture, crush injury or lack of blood flow to the tissue. ...Read more

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Hellp syndrome is what!?

Hellp syndrome is what!?

Severe Pre Eclampsia: Hellp syndrome is a form of severe pre eclampsia that is characterized by elevated blood pressures +protein in the urine, he - hemolysis (the breakdown of red blood cells), el-elevated liver enzymes and lp-low platelet count. Patients may experience severe headaches, blurred vision, abdominal pain, nausea, swelling... Most often this occurs late in the pregnancy. The cause for hellp is unknown. ...Read more

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Is patellofemoral syndrome typically associated with marfan's syndrome?

Is patellofemoral syndrome typically associated with marfan's syndrome?

PFS can happen: Marfan syndrome patients can get aches and pains in many joints because of the looser ligaments trying to hold the joints together at rest and under physical stress. Patellofemoral syndrome is common in normal, active school-aged children, so it is hard to tell whether or not it occurs more often in marfan syndrome kids. ...Read more

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What is 'disembarkment syndrome' or 'mal de debarquement' syndrome/mdds)?

What is 'disembarkment syndrome' or 'mal de debarquement' syndrome/mdds)?

Disembarkment: Is a rare condition occurring after a motion event such as flying. Causes feelings of swaying or rocking, imbalance, fatigue & low concentration (brain fog), headaches, dizziness. Symptoms worsen by stress or lack of sleep or loud noises. Cause unknown. Some benefit from Benzodiazepines & Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. ...Read more

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Is munchausen syndrome hereditary?

nature and nurture: Like most mental health conditions, munchausen's is most likely a complex interplay between the genome and developmental/ socioemotional influences. ...Read more

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What's patau syndrome?

What's patau syndrome?

Lethal Trisomy 13.: Patau syndrome refers to a perinatally lethal condition that results from an extra chromosome 13. It usually features holoprosencephaly microcephaly cyclopia proboscis midline facial clefting heart defects omphalocele poor growth clenched fists polyhydramnios kidney anomalies and single umbilical artery. Prompt pregnancy termination should be undertaken upon prenatal diagnosis if <24 weeks. ...Read more

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Is turners syndrome a genetic disorder?

Is turners syndrome a genetic disorder?

Yes: Most females are born with 2 x chromosomes. Ts is a disorder resulting from missing one x chromosome or some part of it in the cells of the body. It is a disorder exclusive to females. Those with ts are born with it. Manifestations vary depending on the genetics. Small stature is one feature most girls have in common with each other. ...Read more

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What is turner syndrome?

What is turner syndrome?

Turners Syndrome: Turner syndrome is caused in females when there is absence of one xchromosime, the girls are born with one x chromosome and the features are.Short stature, broad chest, low hairline, low set ears and webbed neck.There is non functioning ovaries and they do not get menstruation.They are more prone to congenital heartdisease, hypothyriodism, diabetes and few other conditions. ...Read more

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Is premenstrual syndrome an illness?

Is premenstrual syndrome an illness?

PMS/PMDD: 90% of women will experience some combination of premenstrual symptoms, called premenstrual moliminia. 20% of women will have 'distressing symptoms'. Using strict guidelines, 3-8% of women have a constellation of symptoms, some disabling, and are diagnosed with pmdd. Both PMS and pmdd are conditions for which there is treatment. ...Read more

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What is prader-willi syndrome?

What is prader-willi syndrome?

Genetic anomaly: Kids with prader willi syndrome usually obtain the genetic analy from the paternal gene. It is characterized by problems with muscle tone, even noticeable during pregnancy, also due to this difficulty feeding , poor weight gain, as infants. This changes after age 2 when kids develop over eating that can lead to morbid obesity. Also found are; scoliosis, cognitive problems, delayed puberty, etc. ...Read more

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What's guillian barre syndrome (gbs) syndrome?

What's guillian barre syndrome (gbs) syndrome?

Auto-immune reaction: A triggered auto-immune reaction usually against the myelin of peripheral nerves. In a subset of individuals, the response is also directed at the nerve cells. This causes slowing of nerve conduction and motor weakness classically in an ascending pattern from the legs proximally. The attack may be so dramatic as to cause breathing difficulty requiring a respirator. Treatment options exist. ...Read more

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Describe shaken baby syndrome?

Describe shaken baby syndrome?

Shaken baby syndrome: This is a condition now known as abusive head injury, wherein a child experiences injury to the brain due to head trauma. The trauma often results from violent shaking or from blunt force injury to the head. Symptoms may vary from mild to severe, including coma and death. There are certain characteristic findings that may be present on physical exam. Imaging may aid diagnosis. ...Read more