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Doctor insights on: Redundant Mitral Valve

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What is myxomatous redundant mitral valve prolapse?

What is myxomatous redundant mitral valve prolapse?

Birth defect: It's abnormal tissue composing the mitral valve from birth. Myxomatous tissue is thickened, exuberant, and stretches - thus doesn't provide proper support for the mitral valve which then "bows backward" under the force of cardiac contraction and "prolapses" (sticks its neck out) into the left atrium during systole (where it doesn't belong). It can lead to mitral regurgitation (leaking). ...Read more

Dr. Mark Pack
1 Doctor shared a insight

Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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What is a mitral valve?

What is a mitral valve?

One of 4 heart valve: The mitral valve is one of the 4 heart valves found in the heart. These valves keep blood moving one direction rather than back and forth as the heart contracts. The mitral valve is so named as it looks like the pope's hat (a mitre). The mitral valve separates the left atrium and the left ventricle. ...Read more

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Where is the mitral valve?

Where is the mitral valve?

Left side: Left side of the heart between top left chamber (atrium) and bottom left chamber (ventricle). ...Read more

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What's the mitral valve's purpose?

Backflow: The mv prevents blood from backing up into the lungs during left ventricular contraction. ...Read more

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Where is the mitral valve located?

Where is the mitral valve located?

Left heart: In the left side of the heart between the left atrium and the left ventricle. ...Read more

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What causes mitral valve thickening?

What causes mitral valve thickening?

Different kinds: Some mitral valve thickening is due to myxomatous degeneration. This is congenital, associated with prolapse, and worsens over time. Another type is age related and is due to simple wear and tear. Infection is rare but more serious. ...Read more

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What is the function of mitral valve?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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How can the mitral valve be replaced?

How can the mitral valve be replaced?

Many options: Depending on pts age as well as the characteristics of the valve, there are many options. Mitral valve repair -using the pts own valve and perhapse a ring. Mv replacement-the whole valve is replaced by either a mechnical valve pig valve or a bioprosthetic. Another new technology involves catheter based options such as a clip. All types have pros and cons including possible Coumadin (warfarin) therapy. ...Read more

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What does mitral valve do in the body?

What does mitral valve do in the body?

See below: The mitral valve regulates the inflow of the heart into the left ventricle and regulates the flow between the high chamber of the heart (atrium) and the low chamber of the heart (ventricle) on the left side. And it prevents the blood from going back into the lungs on the left side. ...Read more

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How did the mitral valve get its name?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve got its name because its shape is similar to that of a bishop's miter. ...Read more

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What can cause mitral valve thickening?

What can cause mitral valve thickening?

Normal Aging.: This can be due to normal aging or wear! ...Read more

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How many flaps does the mitral valve have?

How many flaps does the mitral valve have?

Two: The mitral valve is bi-valved and is between the left atrium and left ventricle. ...Read more

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What is the normal are of the mitral valve?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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Is there another name for the mitral valve?

Bicuspid valve: But in humans, and certainly in clinical medicine, it's usually called the mitral valve. ...Read more

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What can my husband do about a bad mitral valve?

What can my husband do about a bad mitral valve?

Mitral Valve Disease: See a cardiologist for evaluation. Need echocardiogram and other studies to determine whether valve needs to be replaced. ...Read more

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What is an obstructive lesion in the mitral valve?

Obstruction of flow: Deformity of mitral valve due to rheumatic fever or calcium built up causing obstruction of blood flow. ...Read more

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What is the significance of an obstructive lesion in the mitral valve?

What is the significance of an obstructive lesion in the mitral valve?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it does not; we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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The mitral valve leaflets are mildly thickened. There is bileaflet buckling of the mitral valve leafets without frank prolqpse. What does this mean?

Good news!: Don't be overwhelmed or needlessly alarmed by medical jargon. We use very descriptive words to convey information from one health care professional. To interpret for you: you don't have mitral valve prolapse. That's great news! That means: 1) no need for prophylactic antibiotics before dental procedures ; 2) very low chance of developing a heart valve infection or need or valve surgery. ...Read more

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Where do you hear mitral valve?

Where do you hear mitral valve?

Under left nipple: Well, the point of maximal impulse of the heart, that is where we feel and can see the heart contract, is called the mitral area. The sound made by the valve closing is usually loudest at that point. It is usually just below the left nipple but could be displaced if the heart is enlarged. The valve sound can be heard in other areas but is not as loud. ...Read more

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What is mitral valve disease like?

What is mitral valve disease like?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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Is mitral valve disease hereditary?

Mitral valve disease: Some types of mitral valve disease is hereditary, but more accurately it may run in families. So often we see people in the same family that have the same problem such as a leaky mitral valve. However ther are often individuals that have no relatives with mitral valve disease that develop problems. Sorry hope this helps. ...Read more

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How do people get mitral valve leaks?

How do people get mitral valve leaks?

Many reasons: There are many causes of leaking mital valves. This can include wear and tear of the valve, infection of the valve, history of rheumatic fever, dilated heart failure, heart attacks, damage to anchoring chords to the valve, and birth defects. Mitral valve prolapse is a condition where the leaflets bulge out when it closes. This can sometimes lead to a leaking valve as well. ...Read more

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What is the structure of mitral valve?

What is the structure of mitral valve?

Not just the leaflet: The mitral valve has two leaflets that open and shut. However, there is an important supporting structure. The leaflets attach to thin chordae tendinae, dental floss-like chords that connect leaflets to papillary muscles. The pap muscles are bands of muscle tissue arising from the wall of the heart, whose contraction and relaxation transmit force to the leaflets. ...Read more

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Does a mitral valve repair last forever?

Does a mitral valve repair last forever?

Depends: Depends on the age of the patient, previous pathology of the valve, final result after surgery, other medical conditions of the patient and so on. Typically repair is done for the mitral valve. In hands of a good surgeon, the right patient could have a very good, long lasting result. But as they say, nothing lasts forever! ...Read more

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Where does blood go after the mitral valve?

Where does blood go after the mitral valve?

Mitral valve: After crossing the mitral valve blood flows into the left ventricle and then pushed across the aortic valve into the aorta and to the systemic circulation. ...Read more

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What is rheumatic mitral valve obstruction?

What is rheumatic mitral valve obstruction?

MitralValve stenosis: There are 4 valves in the heart. The mitral valve is between the left atrium and left ventricle, and is the valve most often damaged by rheumatic heart disease (rheumatic fever after strep infections). Damage to the mitral valve causes its 2 flaps to thicken, stiffen, come closer together, and/or get attached to one another, leaving a smaller opening in the center of the valve, thus blocking flow. ...Read more

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What is a lesion on the mitral valve called?

What is a lesion on the mitral valve called?

Vegetation: There are many types of lesions affecting the mitral valve but the question suggests you are asking about a vegetation protruding from the edge of the valve leaflet typically caused by bacterial infection like bacterial endocarditis. ...Read more

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Any sugestions for mitral valve repair pain?

Any sugestions for mitral valve repair pain?

Incisional pain?: I'm guessing you mean incisional pain. Most patients require some form of narcotic pain medication for the first two weeks after surgery. Sometimes an anti inflammatory medication is added for additional pain relief. ...Read more