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Doctor insights on: Rasmussen Encephalitis

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Dr. Amandeep Kaur
182 doctors shared insights

Encephalitis (Definition)

The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the ...Read more


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What causes spongioform encephalitis?

What causes spongioform encephalitis?

Great question: Spongiform is used by neuro pathologists to describe the appearance of the brain at autopsy. Many early cases could not be determined as to cause. The patient had a prolonged miserable course and then died. No specific cause could be found, but the brain was full of small holes like a sponge. We now know most are caused by latent viruses or prions. ...Read more

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What is acute disseminated encephalo myelitis?

What is acute disseminated encephalo myelitis?

ADEM: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a rare autoimmune disease affecting the brain & spinal cord, damaging the myelin & destroying the white matter. Symptoms are similar to Multiple sclerosis. It usually follows viral infection or vaccination. Symptoms start with fever, headaches, drowsiness, seizures. ...Read more

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Can west nile virus cause encephalitis?

Can west nile virus cause encephalitis?

Yes: West nile virus is caused by an infection transmitted via a mosquito bite. Many people may be exposed to the virus but never develop symptoms. When symptoms do develop, it is typically fever and headache although more severe symptoms may occur. The cdc has info on west nile activity nationwide: http://www.Cdc.Gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.Htm. ...Read more

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What is powassan encephalitis?

What is powassan encephalitis?

Tick-borne virus: Powassan encephalitis is a type of tick-borne encephalitis (inflammation in the brain) in which the virus is transmitted by tick bites. Powassan encephalitis occurs in canada and the United States. ...Read more

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What is tick borne encephalitis (tbe)? 

Virus from tick bite: Tick-borne encephalitis (tbe) is inflammation of the brain, caused by one of several viruses that are transmitted by tick bites. A tbe vaccine is available in canada and some european countries, but not yet in the U.S.. ...Read more

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Can humans catch west nile encephalitis?

Can humans catch west nile encephalitis?

Mosquito bites: West nile virus must be produced in high numbers before being passed through mosquitoes. Birds are far and away the most frequent carriers. Robins look like they might be responsible for spread all over the country. Mosquitoes have to feed on the infected robin and then pass the virus on to human beings through a bite. ...Read more

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Who gets powassan encephalitis?

Tick borne virus: It is encephalitis caused usually by a virus which is transmitted by a tick. Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain. Powassan says that there is a particular cause for this inflammation of the brain. ...Read more

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What is japanese encephalitis?

Japanese ence: http://www.cdc.gov/japaneseencephalitis/

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What is acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (adem)?

What is acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (adem)?

ADEM: A rare inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Is an autoimmune disease triggered by infection or vaccination. It starts with fever, headache & vomiting, then decrease consciousness & sometimes coma or seizures, muscle weakness & ataxia. ...Read more

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Is spinal meningitis fatal?

Is spinal meningitis fatal?

Meningitis: Untreated there will be a very high mortality rate, but if treated, many patients will survive, but the mortality rate will depend upon the causative organism, the rapidity with which therapy is initiated, and the underlying age and health status of the person infected. ...Read more

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What is tick-borne encephilitis?

What is tick-borne encephilitis?

See below: It is when the tick-borne illness has progressed to affect the brain itself and the brain is irritated and inflamed. This is very dangerous and can be fatal. ...Read more

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How deadly is West Nile virus untreated?

Only 1% have severe: sx. Most people don’t have sx’s w West Nile virus. Mild sx’s occur in about 20% of people; which can include fever, eye pain, generalized body aches, headaches, feeling really tired, & possible enlarged lymph nodes or rash. About 1% have severe illness which can include neurologic problems. Possible sx’s include: seizures, severe headache w stiffness of neck, high fever, confusion & weakness. ...Read more

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How often does west nile fever turn into west nile encephalitis?

Actually uncommon: Most west nile infections are asymptomatic. Some cause mild flu-like symptoms. Full blown infection of brain is rather uncommon in the normal patient and more often seen with immuno-suppression, such as prior transplants, HIV pts, cancer chemotherapy. The polio-myelitis form is even rarer. ...Read more

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Docs, what's acute febrile malaria?

Docs, what's acute febrile malaria?

Malaria -bad disease: Malaria is a dangerous disease. 'Acute' just means it's happening 'now', over a short-course of time (most cases). Febrile just means 'with a fever' - and indeed most cases of malaria will have that, since it's such a raging infection. Best not to get sick at all - so if traveling, see a doc before hand to get information and protection. Above all, avoid the bite! when traveling in malaria areas. ...Read more

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Does west nile encephalitis always kill you?

Not always: Many previously healthy people who acquire west nile encephalitis will recover. Those most likely to die are the elderly and those with compromised immune systems. ...Read more

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Can west nile virus be fatal?

Can west nile virus be fatal?

Yes: It's more dangerous for the young and old with weaker immune systems, and it's not common, but it is certainly possible. ...Read more

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What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

Testing: During the primary workup for the presenting illness the fluid from the spinal tap is sent for various tests. These will determine in most cases the type of meningitis. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis curable?

Is encephalitis curable?

Possibly: Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain usually due to infection. Curing encephalitis depends on the cause and how severe it is. People frequently recover from viral encephalitis but if the infection is severe it can leave permanent brain damage. See this web page for a list of some causes and treatments of encephalitis: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002388/. ...Read more

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Dr. Jeffrey Wint
75 doctors shared insights

Brain Infection (Definition)

Any infection of the brain. Usually called encephalitis, though ...Read more