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Doctor insights on: Ralph Layman

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Could you explain these things in layman's terms?

Usually: Most of the doctors on this site are skilled at describing disease, and conditions, and health issues in ordinary terms. They are carrying forth skills learned in their private offices with their own patients, into this internet medium. ...Read more

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What are the layman's symptoms of pad? Thanks, robert

What are the layman's symptoms of pad? Thanks, robert

Cramping: Peripheral arterial disease - is the blockage of blood flow at sites distant from the heart. Symptoms of cramping from low blood supply to the limbs causes cramping with activity that gets better at rest. If blood supply continues to be compromised pain, swelling, dead tissue and infection and loss of limb can occur late in this disease state. ...Read more

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What is the layman's term for osteoporosis?

What is the layman's term for osteoporosis?

Brittle Bones: Osteoporosis results in "weakening" of the bones often leading to fractures. For this reason it is often described as "brittle bone " disease. ...Read more

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Could you in layman's terms tell me what vasulitis is?

Could you in layman's terms tell me what vasulitis is?

Inflammation: Vasculitis is inflammation of blood vessels causing injury to the vessels, resulting in reduced blood supply to the organ. Causes- medications, infections and autoimmune disorders. ...Read more

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What does discontinuity in epidermis mean in layman terms?

What does discontinuity in epidermis mean in layman terms?

Break: Anything from a paper cut to a scratch to a little blister to a fissure to a gunshot wound. Everything depends on the context of the description. I'm glad you're proactive and hope you can have the big picture clarified. ...Read more

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What term for fibromyalgia can be referenced that is less stigmatic and better received by medical and layman communities?

What term for fibromyalgia can be referenced that is less stigmatic and better received by medical and layman communities?

CWP: ? as to a less stigmatizing term than "fibromyalgia" (FM). "Chronic widespread pain" (CWP) describes sentinel symptom; pain lower & upper back sine qua non. CWP, absent images of tissue degeneration, warrants Osteopathic soft tissues (fascia, muscle, tendons & ligaments) exam for local pain generation & dysfunctions. Signs of sacroiliac joint disorder & Thoracic Outlet Syndrome possible findings. ...Read more

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What is refractory hypoxemia in layman's terms?

What is refractory hypoxemia in layman's terms?

Lack of oxygen: Refractory hypoxemia is when a patient is lacking oxygen and even with all known treatments in place, can't improve their oxygen levels.. The prognosis is poor. ...Read more

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Could a doc please explain wolman's disease in layman's terms?

Could a doc please explain wolman's disease in layman's terms?

Wolman Disease is a: Genetic disorder that causes absence of lysosomal acid lipase. That enzmpe is needed to break down some fats in the body. I can't do this justice in 400 characters or less but please see the reference I am including. REF: https://rarediseases. Org/rare-diseases/wolman-disease/ ...Read more

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Hi, can you explain in layman's terms what libman-sacks endocarditis is?

Hi, can you explain in layman's terms what libman-sacks endocarditis is?

L/S Endocarditis: Libman-Sacks endocarditis (a process affecting the inner lining of the heart) is a nonbacterial (so non-infectious) thrombotic (clot forming) endocarditis. It is the most characteristic cardiac manifestation of the autoimmune disease (systemic lupus erythematosus - SLE). The condition most commonly involves the mitral and aortic valves but can effect all the valve of the heart. ...Read more

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She can't understand in layman's language what...Sinus rythm with 1st. Degree A/V block means?

She can't understand in layman's language what...Sinus rythm with 1st. Degree A/V block means?

First Degree: Atrioventricular block can be diagnosed used an EKG. It means that the electrical impulses going from the atria (smaller heart chambers) through the atrioventricular node to the ventricles (larger heart chambers) are slower than normal. ...Read more

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How many calories should a person eat in layman's terms.? Who is 5"5, 174 wanting to lose say 30 to 40 lbs..

How many calories should a person eat in layman's terms.? Who is 5"5, 174 wanting to lose say 30 to 40 lbs..

For the average: Female with average activity who is 5'5", your ideal body weight would be approx. 140#. If you exercise normally, you'll need approx. 1800 calories/day to keep your weight where it is. At 3500 calories to the pound, you will need to take in less than approx. 1500 calories a day to lose 1/2 pound per week; and less than approx. 1200 calories/day to lost one pound/week. Good luck. ...Read more

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In layman's terms, what exactly is lean body mass?

In layman's terms, what exactly is lean body mass?

Your weight minus fa: This means the fat free weight of your body. In other words how much of your weight is made up of the fat and how much is fat free...Which is mostly made up by muscles and bones. ...Read more

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What is the etiology & pathology of asthma in layman terms?

What is the etiology & pathology of asthma in layman terms?

Chronic inflammation: Asthma pathology is ongoing inflammation (swelling, mucus) in the small airways of the lungs, twitchy airways that constrict leading to cough and wheezing. Asthma is more common in people with allergies, children exposed to cigarette smoke, children who had RSV virus, low birth weight preemie infants, certain occupations with chemical/allergen exposure. Exact etiology is still being investigated. ...Read more

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Could you explain "borderline personality disorder" in layman's terms?

Could you explain "borderline personality disorder" in layman's terms?

Borderline: Intense fear of abandonment, being manipulative, impulsivity, a tendency to think of people and things in all good or all bad terms, self mutilating behaviors, drug and alcohol abuse, sexual impulsivity, a profoundly disturb sense of self, and extreme emotional volatility. ...Read more

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Can you tell me in layman's terms, can anyone tell me what bilateral renal parenchyma is?

Can you tell me in layman's terms, can anyone tell me what bilateral renal parenchyma is?

Normal anatomy term: Parenchyma refers to healthy kidney tissue on the outer rim of the kidney. This is not a disease. It is an anatomy term ...Read more

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Need to know what suspected atherosclerotic involvement of the carotid bifurcations means in laymans terms please.

Need to know what suspected atherosclerotic involvement of the carotid bifurcations means in laymans terms please.

Time for a change.: This means that atherosclerosis has begun to form in your carotid arteries. It usually begins at the branching or bifurcation of the common carotid artery into the internal and external carotid arteries. Internal carotid supplies flow to the brain. See stroke. Com and talk to your doctor about decreasing your risk of stroke. No smoking. Control BP and blood sugar. May need a statin and aspirin. ...Read more

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I have some fullness in the right fossa of Rosenmuller in the postnasal space... What does this mean in laymans terms please?

I have some fullness in the right fossa of Rosenmuller in the postnasal space... What does this mean in laymans terms please?

If you have: Allergies...stuffy nose and EARACHE this explains it...the link between your throat and ear may be blocked. THIS is also the space where your ADENOID GLANDS reside NASAL SPRAY (OTC) may be helpful!
Hope this helps

Dr Z ...Read more

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My dentist said he wants to evaluate my 2nd molars to expose my 3rd molars. I just wanted to know what this means in layman's terms?

My dentist said he wants to evaluate my 2nd molars to expose my 3rd molars. I just wanted to know what this means in layman's terms?

Don't know: Did he mean evaluate viability of 2nd molars and remove 3rd molars, or extract 2nd molars to facilitate 3rd molar eruption? This misunderstanding is from playing whispering down the lane. Please ask your dentist for clarity ...Read more

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How do I explain atrial flutter to someone in layman terms?

How do I explain atrial flutter to someone in layman terms?

Rapid regular: It is a rapid, usually regular rhythm of the top chambers of the heart caused by a electrical signal spinning around very quickly, usually around 300 bpm. The bottom chambers usually only let no more that every other beat through so the pulse rate is usually 150bpm or 100, or 75. ...Read more

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Which is better, ACE inhibitor vs. Arb in layman terms please?

Which is better, ACE inhibitor vs. Arb in layman terms please?

Depends: Amer heart assoc recommends both. If you have diabetes, an ace inhibitor is a good choice since it may protect against diabetic kidney disease. You & your doctor should discuss alternative treatments for htn. If you have certain kinds of heart disease, then a beta blocker or diuretic may be a better choice. That's why it's best to discuss treatment with your doctor. ...Read more

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Does anyone have a layman's explanation for disseminated intravascular coagulation?

Does anyone have a layman's explanation for disseminated intravascular coagulation?

Clotting & bleeding: Dic causes two opposite problems: blood clots when it shouldn't, then abnormal bleeding occurs. The blood has enzymes to cause clotting--if you have a small cut, the blood clots naturally to help stop bleeding. In dic, abnormal clotting happens; clots form in the small blood vessels all over the body. When all the clotting enzymes get used up, it's a setup for bleeding. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about gay arthritis. This was the name of an illness (in layman's terms)?

Can you tell me about gay arthritis. This was the name of an illness (in layman's terms)?

No such thing: There are over 120 different forms of arthritis. We do not use the term "gay arthritis" to describe any of them. ...Read more

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Dental: The hygienist said that a sulcus is different from a pocket. In layman's terms, how are they different?

Dental: The hygienist said that a sulcus is different from a pocket. In layman's terms, how are they different?

Sulcus v pocket: Sulcus is the space between the free gingiva and the
tooth aprox 1-3 mm. The depth of a periodontal pocket is greater than 3 mm. A pocket deeper than 4 millimeters indicates that you have gum disease. ...Read more

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My test results came back it is flat epithelial atypia can u please explain in laymans terms what this is. I have very to see a surgeon?

My test results came back it is flat epithelial atypia can u please explain in laymans terms what this is. I have very to see a surgeon?

Best to follow up: Flat epithelial atypia isn't cancer or pre-invasive cancer but there's often something more troublesome nearby. Especially since you describe a discharge, you need to see a surgeon anyway. ...Read more

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"there is an accompanying mild perivascular & interstitial acute & chronic infiltrate." what does that mean in layman's terms? (vulvar biopsy)

"there is an accompanying mild perivascular & interstitial acute & chronic infiltrate." what does that mean in layman's terms? (vulvar biopsy)

Not much: It's a little bit inflamed & has been for some time. These mild changes may be more helpful to the dermatologist who may be trying to make a specific diagnosis -- or just a tipoff on "nothing to worry about." your physican will give you the final word. ...Read more

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What does radiopharmaceutical uptake from a bone scan mean in layman's terms?

What does radiopharmaceutical uptake from a bone scan mean in layman's terms?

Tracer uptake: Read the report. But it sounds like it means that there is increased bone metabolism at that location. The radiopharmaceutical maps calcium activity (osteoblastic) of the bone. Can have increased metabolism in response to mechanical stress, a fracture, cancer, infection, and miscellaneous reasons. ...Read more

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My rehab chart says to aaron, pres, heat and stretch, reverse putty scraping. Could you explain layman terms?

My rehab chart says to aaron, pres, heat and stretch, reverse putty scraping. Could you explain layman terms?

Hmm: Knowingthe problem under treatment would help clarify. I can try to interpret some of it. Aarom is probably active and/or assisted range of motion. Not sure of pres. Heat and stretch basically is telling the therapist to heat the joint/muscle/ligamemts or tendons in question then stretch them. Reverse putty scraping? That is a new one to me. Do ask your therapist if you are interested. ...Read more

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Lanap dental procedure was minimally successsful at 1 tooth due to a furcation diagnosis. Please fully explain in layman's terms. Also, how common?

Lanap dental procedure was minimally successsful at 1 tooth due to a furcation diagnosis. Please fully explain in layman's terms. Also, how common?

Avascular tissue: The area around the roots on a molar tooth (furcation) has very little blood supply, and for this reason, is a challenging area in which to achieve regeneration. Depending on what else may have been done to the tooth (root canal etc) it may have a fracture perpetuating the problem. Sometimes removal and replacement with a dental implant is advised in these frustrating situations. ...Read more

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Can you put in layman's terms please? Midline meningioma approx 3.3 x 2.8 cm in transverse and AP dimensions which abuts sagittal sinus along vertex

Can you put in layman's terms please? Midline meningioma approx 3.3 x 2.8 cm in transverse and AP dimensions which abuts sagittal sinus along vertex

Tumor on brain: It's round, a little more than an inch across and it sitting as such tumors often do next to the big tube that carries blood from the top of your brain back to your body. I'm hoping it will be easy to remove. Best wishes. If there is some other way we can help, please let us know ...Read more