Doctor insights on:
Radon Gas Thyroid Cancer
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Thyroid ca stage: If you are under 45, you can only be stage I in the thyroid or II with distant mets to the lungs, etc. Over 45, the staging is more proscriptive. T1 less than 1 cm. T2 1-4 cm. T3 (liothyronine) > 4 cm. T4 extra thyroidal extension. Nodal metastasis is staged N1a for central neck nodes, N1b for lateral neck nodes. M1 is for distant mets.See 2 more doctor answers
Depends: The common types of thyroid cancer are slow growing and are typically not associated with physical symptoms. Unless the cancer is in a big thyroid mass (> 2 cm), you might not feel anything. The best way to evaluate for thyroid cancer is to have a thyroid ultrasound so you can see the gland visually. If abnormalities are seen on this exam, a thyroid blood test and thyroid uptake & scan is needed.See 1 more doctor answer
Mostly unknown: The cause of thyroid cancer is not known in most cases. Exposure to x-rays in childhood, and genetic defects are seen in a minority of the cases. See this site for more info. Http://www. Mayoclinic. Com/health/thyroid-cancer/ds00492.
Cancer in thyroid: Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine.See 1 more doctor answer
Maybe: It is impossible to say that one type of cancer is the "easiest" to cure. It is true that almost all thyroid cancers confined to the neck are cured with surgery possibly followed by radioactive iodine. In young people, many thyroid cancers that have metastasized to other parts of the body can also be cured. Unfortunately, there are some types like anaplastic that are almost never cured.
It could be: Different types of thyroid cancer-but generally divided into 2 group-well differentiated and undifferentiated. Papillary cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer. Treatment is a surgery to remove thyroid and evaluation to the adjacent lymph nodes. Post surgery radioiodine therapy is given (to the well diffif) if there is residual disease, +lymph nodes, spreading. Read more-www. Nccn. Com.See 1 more doctor answer
Ask another question: There is no such thing as 20% thyroid cancer. Either you have it or you don't. The staging depends on the size, and whether it involves spread to lymph nodes or other structures. See your Endocrinologist to get clarity on this.
Radioactive iodine: Following surgery to remove the thyroid gland and surrounding lymph nodes, radioactive iodine (rai) is commonly used. Thyroid cells have a unique ability to take up iodine is our body. So any lingering cells would absorb the rai and be killed. This can treat cells spread outside the neck too. If there is a bone tumor, external beam radiation can relieve the pain. Clinical trials also an option.See 1 more doctor answer
Radiation & genetics: Risk factors for thyroid cancer include: exposure to very high levels of radiation (such as radiation treatment to the head and neck or fallout from such sources as nuclear power plant accidents or weapons testing), personal or family history of goiter (noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid), certain inherited genetic syndromes (like multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes).
Often unknown.: Thyroid cancer is the most common cancer of the endocrine glands. It is most common in individuals with history of exposure of the thyroid gland to radiation, in individuals with family history of thyroid cancer and in those older than 40 years of age. The exact cause of cancer in an individual patient is most often unknown. I am providing a link in the comment section with good information.
Lesion in thyroid: Carcinoma of the thyroid not uncommon and presenting with a solitary lesion. If lesion cold on scan and solitary resection necessary. There is a 30%+ rate of conversion to malignancy of the solitary adenoma. The lesions present as a papillary or follicular carcinoma when fully transformed. Total lobectomy or thyroidectomy needed depending on size of lesion, age of patient and nodal status.
Yes: Microcalcifications, unusual shape, increased blood flow, associated abnormal lymph nodes, and growth beyond the thyroid capsule are all signs of a thyroid malignancy.See 2 more doctor answers
Cancer that presents in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal ...Read more