Doctor insights on:
Radon Gas Thyroid Cancer
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Thyroid ca stage: If you are under 45, you can only be stage I in the thyroid or II with distant mets to the lungs, etc. Over 45, the staging is more proscriptive. T1 less than 1 cm. T2 1-4 cm. T3 (liothyronine) > 4 cm. T4 extra thyroidal extension. Nodal metastasis is staged N1a for central neck nodes, N1b for lateral neck nodes. M1 is for distant mets. ...Read more
Depends: The common types of thyroid cancer are slow growing and are typically not associated with physical symptoms. Unless the cancer is in a big thyroid mass (> 2 cm), you might not feel anything. The best way to evaluate for thyroid cancer is to have a thyroid ultrasound so you can see the gland visually. If abnormalities are seen on this exam, a thyroid blood test and thyroid uptake & scan is needed. ...Read more
Cancer in thyroid: Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine. ...Read more
Maybe: It is impossible to say that one type of cancer is the "easiest" to cure. It is true that almost all thyroid cancers confined to the neck are cured with surgery possibly followed by radioactive iodine. In young people, many thyroid cancers that have metastasized to other parts of the body can also be cured. Unfortunately, there are some types like anaplastic that are almost never cured. ...Read more
It could be: Different types of thyroid cancer-but generally divided into 2 group-well differentiated and undifferentiated. Papillary cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer. Treatment is a surgery to remove thyroid and evaluation to the adjacent lymph nodes. Post surgery radioiodine therapy is given (to the well diffif) if there is residual disease, +lymph nodes, spreading. Read more-www. Nccn. Com. ...Read more
Radioactive iodine: Following surgery to remove the thyroid gland and surrounding lymph nodes, radioactive iodine (rai) is commonly used. Thyroid cells have a unique ability to take up iodine is our body. So any lingering cells would absorb the rai and be killed. This can treat cells spread outside the neck too. If there is a bone tumor, external beam radiation can relieve the pain. Clinical trials also an option. ...Read more
Radiation & genetics: Risk factors for thyroid cancer include: exposure to very high levels of radiation (such as radiation treatment to the head and neck or fallout from such sources as nuclear power plant accidents or weapons testing), personal or family history of goiter (noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid), certain inherited genetic syndromes (like multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes). ...Read more
Often unknown.: Thyroid cancer is the most common cancer of the endocrine glands. It is most common in individuals with history of exposure of the thyroid gland to radiation, in individuals with family history of thyroid cancer and in those older than 40 years of age. The exact cause of cancer in an individual patient is most often unknown. I am providing a link in the comment section with good information. ...Read more
Lesion in thyroid: Carcinoma of the thyroid not uncommon and presenting with a solitary lesion. If lesion cold on scan and solitary resection necessary. There is a 30%+ rate of conversion to malignancy of the solitary adenoma. The lesions present as a papillary or follicular carcinoma when fully transformed. Total lobectomy or thyroidectomy needed depending on size of lesion, age of patient and nodal status. ...Read more
Yes: Microcalcifications, unusual shape, increased blood flow, associated abnormal lymph nodes, and growth beyond the thyroid capsule are all signs of a thyroid malignancy. ...Read more
Malignant tumor of thyroid gland. In usa, thyroid carcimoma comprises appr. 1% of all cancers and accoints for 0.2% of cancer deaths. Most of these cancers are of the papillary type. These common tumors tend to be biologically indolent and have excellent prognosis. Papillary carcinoma can occur at any age and rarely has been diagnosed as a congenital tumor.
Treatmen-total or partial thyroidectomy. ...Read more
Unknown: Most thyroid cancers are asymptomatic and are found after a lump develops in the neck or they are found quite by coincidence. There are many causes of the feeling of lumps in the throat (not neck). See your doctor for an evaluation. Maybe seeing an ENT may help. They can look in the throat and neck and reassure you. ...Read more
Most likely not: Thyroid cancer that has spreaded to the lung is unlikely to be curable. However, there are treatments available to control the disease such as radioactive iodine if the cancer cells would pick up iodine. Patient can be treated and maintained with good quality life for many many years with repeat treatment if necessary. ...Read more
There are several: More surgery might be an option if the cancer has spread in the neck or to just one other spot. Radioactive iodine may be able to treat many smaller metastatic areas. If these are not good options, some centers are using newer chemotherapy agents such as sorafanib (nexavar). A team with an endocrinologist and an oncologist would be helpful. ...Read more
Cancer that presents in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal ...Read more
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