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Doctor insights on: Pubs Rh

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Pubs Rh (Overview)

PUBS Rh is the percutaneous umbilical blood sample (PUBS) Rh test, which is performed on a sample of blood from the baby's umbilical cord.


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The clients blood typing reveals Rh antigens what blood type would the client have Rh receptive, Rh negative , Rh resistant, Rh positive

The clients blood typing reveals Rh antigens what blood type would the client have Rh receptive, Rh negative , Rh resistant, Rh positive

Rh : Rh antigens are present in every blood. You would need to be more specific. Also, they blood type (a, b, ab, 0) is not connected/related to the rh + or rh - types; they are inherited independently. ...Read more

Pubs Rh (Overview)

PUBS Rh is the percutaneous umbilical blood sample (PUBS) Rh test, which is performed on a sample of blood from the baby's umbilical cord.


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How do doctors determine transfusion reactions, ABO compatibility, Rh incompatibility?

How do doctors determine transfusion reactions, ABO compatibility, Rh incompatibility?

Huge subject: Whole textbooks deal with this subject. It's so large I wouldn't even be able to refer you to a reliable website. You may want to start with the AABB American Association of Blood Banks. Blood for transfusion should only be given when it is truly, really required -- and when it does, it's a huge life-saver. ...Read more

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I got 3 HepB vacc. L8r a surface antigen & core antibody test both showed:non-reactive.B/C no antibodies present does this mean the vacc didn't take?

I got 3 HepB vacc. L8r a surface antigen & core antibody test both showed:non-reactive.B/C no antibodies present does this mean the vacc didn't take?

That's good: Hepatitis B surface antigen negative usually means a person is not carrying the virus. Hepatitis B core antibody negative usually means a person did not catch the virus in the past. Neither test is about the vaccine. There usually is a third test, if needed, to see if a person is immune due to taking the vaccine: Hepatitis B surface antibody. ...Read more

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What exactly happens to a boy during puberty and when does it start and end?

What exactly happens to a boy during puberty and when does it start and end?

Hard to define: The classical beginning starts with enlargement of the testis as it begins to make more male hormones.Since no-one sits around measuring these daily, gradual changes in growth, muscularity, skin eruptions etc appear and people notice.Some consider the end of bony growth as one end of puberty.Many consider the brain changes that finish about 25 as the true end. ...Read more

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Could RH neg mother carry RH pos father's baby to term? With shot given and 2 miscarriages? What's the possibility?

Could RH neg mother carry RH pos father's baby to term? With shot given and 2 miscarriages? What's the possibility?

Yes!: Yes...especially when "shots" were given to avoid developing antibodies after birth/pregnancy This should never be a problem with today's medical knowledge! ...Read more

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Had 2 miscarriages recently. I'm RH neg and babys father is RH pos. RH shot given both times. Any chance of carrying his child to full term?

Had 2 miscarriages recently. I'm RH neg and babys father is RH pos. RH shot given both times. Any chance of carrying his child to full term?

MTHFR: Many causes are unknown. One that can be tested for is the MTHFR gene defect. Ask your obgyn or geneticist. It stands for methyltetrahydrofolate reductase. This gene controls the metabolism of folic acid and can lead to miscarriages if there is a problem with this enzyme. ...Read more

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Describe what seconday sex characteristics the sexes go thru during puberty?

Describe what seconday sex characteristics the sexes go thru during puberty?

Pubertal changes: Bothe boys&girl undergo puberty at diff. Ages. Girls usually start with breast budding & then have axillary& pubic hair develop&then will go on to have menses.Boys will have pubic hair, axillary hair, deepening of their voice & adam's apple develop & penile gowth along with testicular size increase. The boys also start to get more muscular.Both boys & girls develop oiliness of skin and acne. ...Read more

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Rh negative and the baby's father is Rh positive. Do I need rhogham?

Rh negative and the baby's father is Rh positive. Do I need rhogham?

Usually: It is commonplace for a pregnant mom in that situation to receive rhogam around 28 wks of gestation and again after birth if the kid is rh+. If the kid turns out to be rh- the 2nd dose is omitted. ...Read more

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What happens if I'm Rh negative and my b/fs Rh negative do I still need the micrhogam (rho immune globulin) shot?

What happens if I'm Rh negative and my b/fs Rh negative do I still need the micrhogam (rho immune globulin) shot?

No: No if you are both Rh- then the baby will be negative as well. If however, you had a child previously with a different partner who was Rh+ and the baby was also Rh+ then you might need one just to be safe. You should discuss this with your OB. ...Read more

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Can you tell me is it safe to go to a pub with a nut allergy?

Can you tell me is it safe to go to a pub with a nut allergy?

It depends: If you have lief-threatening even to a little dust of nuts in the air, you should not go. If you can be near other people who eat nuts and peanuts (peanuts are not nuts, they are legumes), you are probably going to be fine as long as you don't eat them. Still, have self-injectable epinephrine and an antihistamine with you IF you had severe reactions in the past. ...Read more

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What is Rh positive and Rh negative?

Blood group antigen: Rhesus (rh) blood group is one of the more than 20 different blood group systems. One of the markers in rh system is "d" that is used in the terminology you inquired about. If rh d is present the person is rh positive and vice versa. See this site for more info (more than one needs) http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/books/nbk2269/. ...Read more

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Have i really not went through puberty at the age of 20 and with the following information? I am a 20 year old male and my penis is 2 inches long (non erect), my voice is not deep, my testicals have not dropped or look bigger from years ago, and I do not

Have i really not went through puberty at the age of 20 and with the following information? I am a 20 year old male and my penis is 2 inches long (non erect), my voice is not deep, my testicals have not dropped or look bigger from years ago, and I do not

Totally possible: If you haven't developed the characteristics of an adult male, eapecially when it comes to your genitals, it is possible that your testosterone never did its job. You should consult with a hormone specialist (endocrinologist) for a good work up after talking to your primary doc. ...Read more

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Is Rh d neg blood rare?

Is Rh d neg blood rare?

No: It varies from population to population. In folks of european descent, around 1 person in 6 is rh negative (class d-neg). It's less common in some other populations. ...Read more

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IGG. Transfusion for m-GUS disease?

No.: MGUS is not a disease per se. It is an abnormal antibody in blood by definition not caused by serious diseases like myeloma or lymphoma and therefore is not treated. It's importance is that MGUS has an annual cancer risk of 0.1 - 1%. ...Read more

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What is the evolutionary purpose of pubic hair?

What is the evolutionary purpose of pubic hair?

Pubic hair: It is believed that the functions of pubic hair include the dissemination of pheromones and protection from the friction of sexual intercourse. Natural selection may also have sustained it because it can show a potential sexual partner that the other person is sexually mature and can reproduce. ...Read more

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If u developed guillain-barre syndrome (gbs) after tdap vaccine, which autoantibodies r commonly found in vaccine-induced gbs? Only ganglioside ab's?

If u developed guillain-barre syndrome (gbs) after tdap vaccine, which autoantibodies r commonly found in vaccine-induced gbs?  Only ganglioside ab's?

Controversial: There is only anecdotal evidence that vaccines of any type are related to guillain-barre, and formal large studies have shown that no such relationship can be proven. Of course, many web sites, and blog sites continue to espouse multiple causes and effects which have been proven bogus in the past. Real causes include influenza a, campylobacter jejuni, and ebstein-barr virus infections. ...Read more

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Will rhogam prevent ABO incompatibility?

No : Rhogam only prevent rh sensitization if you are rh neg. ...Read more

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Rhogam or micrhogam (rho immune globulin) injection during pregnancy, what is this?

Antibodies: If some of baby's blood enters the mother's blood stream and the infant is Rh + from the father and the mother is Rh -, then mother will make antibodies against babies blood that cross the placenta and destroy infant's blood causing anemia before birth and jaundice after birth. RhoGam is an antibody the destroys baby's blood in mom's circulation before she can recognize it. It works! ...Read more

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Rhogam or micrhogam (rho immune globulin) shot expired in 2009, pregnant again, what to do?

Rhogam or micrhogam (rho immune globulin) shot expired in 2009, pregnant again, what to do?

C ur OB: Need to start prenatal care, go to your Obstetrician or or to the health clinic, if you're Rh negative, you will need to have a new shot at 28 weeks and at time of labor, also in case you miscarry, God forbids. Do yourself and your unborn child a favor and start prenatal care early, wish you a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby ...Read more

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Triplet p. I miscarried monocorionic diamniotic(at 10w).Still a fetus(at 14w). Ilness:hashimoto, nk, hipertiroidism( at 10w). Causes? Genetic?Risk?

Triplet p. I miscarried monocorionic diamniotic(at 10w).Still a fetus(at 14w). Ilness:hashimoto, nk, hipertiroidism( at 10w). Causes? Genetic?Risk?

Miscarriage: Hypo or hyperthyroidism have some correlation with miscarriages. When you have thyroid disease when you're pregnant next time check your TSH every month to ensure optimal thyroid replacement. ...Read more

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Elevated EBV ab VCA IgG <8 and EBV nucleaer antigen ab IgG test 4.2. & anti-dna(ss)igg ab qn ( 119)& c react protien(5.6) what are implications?

Elevated EBV ab VCA IgG <8 and EBV nucleaer antigen  ab IgG test 4.2. & anti-dna(ss)igg ab qn ( 119)& c react protien(5.6)  what are implications?

Nothing.: Ebv antibodies indicate you had a previous infection, but not active. The c-reactive protein needs a units indicator - that is either normal or somewhat elevated. The anti ss dna is extremely nonspecific and very rarely indicated; I have no idea why that was ordered, discuss with your doctor. ...Read more

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35yo m HIV neg. Cd3, cd4, cd8 mildly depressed, cd19 mildly elevated.Fatigue large complaint. Possible causes of immune dysfunction listed?

35yo m HIV neg. Cd3, cd4, cd8 mildly depressed, cd19 mildly elevated.Fatigue large complaint. Possible causes of immune dysfunction listed?

Horses, not zebras: You don't have "immune dysfunction." you have a mild abnormality of a lab test that shouldn't have been drawn in the first place. Focus on common causes of fatigue, not rare ones. ...Read more

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Cdc HIVtestingAlgorithmRecommendationFinal doc, pge11, suggest HIV antibody r antigen r viral load detect by day 50 for diag. then y some docs disagre

Cdc HIVtestingAlgorithmRecommendationFinal doc, pge11, suggest HIV antibody r antigen r viral load detect by day 50 for diag. then y some docs disagre

No test is perfect.: Lab tests have false positives and false negatives. The accuracy of a diagnostic lab test also depends on how good the lab is, and how the test sample was collected. If detecting HIV was easy there would be only one test. ...Read more

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One in a while I shave my pubic hair is it dangerous?

One in a while I shave my pubic hair is it dangerous?

No: It is not dangerous to shave the pubic hairs. Be careful not to accidentally cut sensitive areas. Do not store the shaving blade in the shower that is constantly moist. And, do not reuse the shaving blade without adequately cleaning its surface. ...Read more

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What's a good resource for trace elements and heavy metal toxicity?

What's a good resource for trace elements and heavy metal toxicity?

Be VERY careful: Most of the outfits offering "heavy metal testing" are scams, charging outrageous prices for"tests" intended to get you to buy their nutritional supplements, have your fillings removed, and generally suck you into a expensive racket. They exude warmth and this is the one thing that may make you feel better. ...Read more

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Is whipple's disease usually deadly?

Is whipple's disease usually deadly?

No, but must dx & rx: Whipples disease is a very rare condition, often found in middle age men, that is also called lipodystrophy. It a bacterial-caused disease that leads to malabsorption of mostly fats and certain sugars into the bloodstream. It will lead to nutritional deficiencies among other problems. Need rx with antibiotics, usually at least a year, herbs and supplements. If left untreated, it can be fatal. ...Read more

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What are the medical benefits of pubic hair?

What are the medical benefits of pubic hair?

Germ protection: The coarse texture is meant to trap dirt and bacteria, and keep it out of inner genitalia. It has also been said that pubic hair forms an air pocket to keep the area cool. Another purpose of pubic hair is to give off pheromones, which are supposed to help attract a mate. ...Read more

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Can you please specifically list all conditions or diseases that can result or bring on added inches of growth in height in adults years past puberty?

Can you please specifically list all conditions or diseases that can result or bring on added inches of growth in height in adults years past puberty?

Growth: I am not aware of any. Once the growth plates in the bones have fused, you're done. Keep in mind that there are variations between AM and PM based on separation of your vertebrae, and of course there can be errors in measurement. ...Read more

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If someone begins puberty early, will this mean that they will be shorter in the end?

If someone begins puberty early, will this mean that they will be shorter in the end?

Possibly: The earlier one starts puberty, the sooner the growth plates close. However, this doesn't necessarily imply that the person will be short. It only means that the individual will stop growing sooner. ...Read more

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Does having early puberty and facial hair means you stop growing earlier?

Does having early puberty and facial hair means you stop growing earlier?

Not necessarily: Puberty is a complex process involving multiple hormones and structural changes.In males the process may span from 2 to 5 years with a kids eventual height dependent more on how the bones are affected than other structures. As long as the bones have open growth plates there is room for a kid to grow taller. A bone age assessment (xray) can help gage potential for more growth. Discuss this with doc. ...Read more

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My son is 13 grew about 1-2 inches this year but his voice is still high is he going through puberty?

My son is 13 grew about 1-2  inches this year but his voice is still high is he going through puberty?

Don't know: First sign of puberty is testicular enlargement in boys. Sometimes boys start to develop body odor and acne beforehand. Growth rate of 1-2" in a year doesn't sound like a pubertal growth rate. Pubertal delays in boys are diagnosed when puberty hasn't started by age 14. ...Read more

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What are normal physical changes in boys during puberty?

What are normal physical changes in boys during puberty?

Puberty in boys: The primary sign is testicular enlargement. This could precede secondary characteristics like pubic hair, body odor, acne, oily skin, growth spurt, moodiness, by at least a year. ...Read more

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When is puberty?

Puberty: Girls: breast budding indicates the initiation of pituitary pubertal hormones activating the ovaries. In boys, the same pituitary hormones will lead to testicular enlargement. Girls usually start b/w 8-12/13 years old. Boys start b/w 9-13/14 years old. ...Read more